Does not pray and wants to consider the money she sent to her poor family as Zakat

  • Author: Fatwa No. 96003
  • Publish date:22/06/2009
  • Sections:FATWA FOR ALL
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Question:

AlSalaam Alikum Can a woman who's declared Shahadah but not praying who sends needed money to her poor family consider that money Zakat?
 
Fatwa:
 
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
 
The money which the woman whom you referred to in the question sent to her poor relatives without intending it as Zakat, is not considered as Zakat and it is not permissible for her to consider it as such because for Zakat to be accepted, when the person gives it, he should intend it as Zakat.
 
However, it is permissible for her to consider the money which she will send in the future as Zakat and intend it as Zakat, provided the people to whom she sends the money are among the people who are eligible for Zakat, and provided that she is not obliged to spend on them, like the parents for instance.
 
It should be noted that Zakat is not obligatory on money unless the money reaches the Nisaab(i.e. the minimum amount liable for Zakat) and a whole lunar year elapses since she possessed it.
However, what is more important than the above, is the issue of her not praying. The Prayer is the core of religion and the most important pillar of Islam after The Two Testimonies of Faith. Indeed, many scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them are of the view that a person who abandons the prayer is out of the fold of Islam.
 
Therefore, it is an obligation to advise that woman and inform her that uttering The Two Testimonies of Faith necessitates performing the other pillars of Islam, the most important of which is the prayer. Then, if she persists on abandoning the prayer after knowing that performing it is an obligation, it is feared that she is a non-Muslim (a disbeliever), and hence, Zakat is not accepted from her. Allah Says (what means): {And what prevents their expenditures from being accepted from them but that they have disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger.}[Quran 9:54]. 
 
Allah Knows best.

Fatwa answered by:The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

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