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Belief in the Last Day

The Last Day is the day on which Allaah will resurrect all creatures after their death, and He will raise them from their graves to hold them accountable for their deeds which they did in this world. Allaah created man and enabled him to live on earth in order to worship Him and perform the deeds that please Allaah, and which will benefit him as well as all mankind. Man may perform some good deeds and some bad ones. That is why on the Last Day, the Creator will issue Judgments on His slaves. He will reward the pious for their good deeds, punish the sinners and the oppressors for their sins, and Allaah will get back the right of the oppressed from his oppressors and will give it back to him.

  • The names of the Last Day

The Last Day has several names:

 The Day of Judgment, the Day of Resurrection and the Day of Sorting out (the people of Paradise from the people destined for Hell), and the Day of reckoning. It is also called the Hour,

the Overwhelming, and the Striking Hour in addition to other names mentioned in the Quran.

  • Its time

Absolutely no creature knows the time of the Last Day. It is only Allaah Alone Who knows it. He did not reveal it to the people so that they get ready for it at anytime. The Quran states that the Last Day will come suddenly while people are unaware of its occurrence.

Allaah Says (what means):

{Do they then await (anything) other than the Hour, that it should come upon them suddenly?}

[Quran 47: 18]

The Last Day starts when Allaah orders one of the angels to blow the Trumpet for the first time. Upon this, the earth will quake, the heavens will split asunder, the stars will scatter, the mountains will vanish, and all the people will die.

Allaah Says (what means):

{And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allaah wills.}

[Quran 39: 68]

Then Allaah will order the angel to blow a second time and the dead will be resurrected. They will be raised from their graves and they will be alive just like they were in this world. This is the resurrection. Allaah Says (what means): {Then it will be blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting).} [Quran 39: 68] Thus, all people will be awakened from their graves and because of their vast number, they will appear just like locusts spread around everywhere.

  • The phases of the Day of Judgment:

The Hour

When Allaah, the Almighty, Wills that this world will come to an end and the Hour will be established, the system of the whole universe will be upside down and all creatures will die; The only One Who will remain alive is Allaah The Ever Living.

The Resurrection

Then, Allaah will resurrect all the creatures and give them life again.

The Gathering

Then Allaah will gather all mankind who will stand before their Lord waiting for their reckoning. In this situation, people will be extremely distressed and will face many difficulties and hardships. The sun will draw near to them and the weather will be extremely hot. They will wait for a very long time expecting the time of reckoning.

The Reckoning:

Allaah will judge people for what they did in this world. The records of deeds will be flying here and there. Every person will receive the record of his/her deeds in which the angels wrote down his deeds during his lifetime.

On one hand a believer will receive his record of deeds with his right hand. He will be extremely happy and he will show it to his family and friends.

On the other hand, a disbeliever will receive his record of deeds with his left hand, behind his back. He will regret the evil deeds he had committed during his lifetime, and will wish that he had never been resurrected after death and made to face this humiliating situation. If he tries to deny any evil deed, his tongue, hands, and feet will testify against him.

Allaah Says (what means): {On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear witness against them.} [Quran 24: 24]

The Siraat (a bridge set over Hellfire):

This is an extended bridge over Hellfire which is sharper than a knife and thinner than a hair and all people must cross over it after they are reckoned. Allaah will save the believers while the disbelievers will fall into the Hellfire. The first person to cross the Siraat is the master of creation, the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, accompanied by the believers from his nation.

Paradise:

Paradise is the final destination prepared by Allaah for His pious believers in the Hereafter.

Description of Paradise:

Paradise is a wonderful place with sky-high palaces under which rivers of milk, honey, and fresh water are flowing. It has beds with luxurious sheets and cushions set in rows so that the believers can lean on them and it also has elegantly rich carpets spread out everywhere.

In paradise there are things that eyes have never seen, ears never heard about, and which never came to the minds hearts of the people.

The food of the inhabitants of Paradise:

Paradise contains all kinds of food which the believers would wish to have, and which they could obtain easily.

The drinks of the inhabitants of Paradise

There are various types of drinks in Paradise such as milk, honey, and the sealed nectar which has the smell of musk.

The description of the inhabitants of Paradise

Beauty and joy are tainted on the faces of the inhabitants of Paradise. When a person looks at them from a far distance, he would absolutely know that they are enjoying a good life because they are honoured and highly esteemed there.

The first person to enter Paradise

The first person to enter Paradise is our Messenger Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, followed by other Prophets (may Allaah exalt their mention),

then the believers from the nation of Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, followed by the believers from other nations.

Eternity in Paradise

The believers will live in Paradise forever as they will never die there in.

  • The Hellfire:

Hellfire is the final destination prepared by Allaah for the disbelievers, hypocrites, sinners, and oppressors.

Names of Hellfire:

Hellfire has many names such as: Jahannam, Jaheem, the Deep Pit the Destroyer.

Description of Hellfire

A very hot fire envelops the disbelievers from above and below them as well as from every side.

It encircles them and none of them could ever escape it. It has long handcuffs and chains made of fire that are put on the neck, hands, and feet of the disbelievers. There are other types of torture as well.

The food of the inhabitants of Hellfire

  1. Poisonous thorny plants which hangs in their throats upon swallowing it, and it harms their bodies: these plants neither nourish nor avail against hunger.

  2. Filth from the washing of wounds and pus that is discharged from the bodies of the disbelievers.

The drinks of the inhabitants of Hellfire

They drink boiling water that boils their faces and tears out their intestines.

Description of the inhabitants of Hellfire

Their faces are gloomy with humiliation and they are covered with dark dust. Signs of fatigue and tiredness are tainted on them.

Who will get out of Hellfire?

When crossing over the Siraat, the disbelievers and the sinful Muslims will fall into Hellfire. The sinful Muslims will be tortured in it according to their sins. Then Allaah will order them to get out of it and nobody testifying that none is worthy of worship but Allaah will remain there.

Eternity in Hellfire:

The disbelievers and hypocrites will remain in Hellfire forever as they will never die. This is the punishment for their disbelief and deviation.

  • The impact of belief in the Last Day on mankind's manners

If a person believes in the Last Day, and that he will be resurrected after death and held accountable for whatever he did in this world and that he will be led either to Paradise or to Hellfire, such belief will have a great impact on his manners and deeds as follows:

  1. It urges man to perform acts of worship and obedience to Allaah as much as possible.

  2. It urges man to sacrifice his soul and money in Allaah's Cause because he is sure that Allaah will compensate him with an eternal better life.

  3. It urges man to tell the truth in all what he says and be honest in buying, selling, and all the affairs of life.

  4. The oppressed will be sure that his right will never be lost. If he could not take it back in this world, Allaah will take it from the oppressor on the Day of Judgment and give it back to him. Thus, the oppressed person will be content and he will put his trust in Allaah.

To sum up, the belief in the Last Day urges people to perform more good deeds. Crimes, quarrels, and injustice as well as all evil acts will decrease. This will lead to a good and stable society.

 

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