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Question: 

I perform Hajj last year with my wife, unfortunately we committed a mistake and from then we are worried about it, I hope you will guide me to the right way.  The day of sacrifice (10th Thul-Hijjah) we perform Tawaaf-e-Ziara and due to illness of my wife we delayed Sa'i and returned back to Mina there we stayed till 12th, as soon as we came back Makkah one of our relative living in Jeddah took us with them to their home, there we relaxed, and intercourse after a gap of long time (more than 20 days) when again we returned back Makkah. One of our companion said that you committed sin by not doing Sa'i however a Mufti told us to do Sa'i now and nothing else is liable, what is your opinion, what should we do now (we already performed Sa'i after returning back from Jeddah).  
 
Fatwa:
 
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, is His Slave and Messenger.
 
Sa'i is one of the pillars of Hajj. It is an obligation on whoever abandons it whether by ignorance or forgetfulness has to return and perform it, even after leaving Makkah, and he is still considered in the state of Ihram and should abide by its conditions until he performs Sa'i. Sa'i and Tawaf (circumambulation around the Ka'bah) are the same regarding the restrictions of Ihram. The author of Kashshaf Al-Qinaa', may Allah have mercy on him, said: 'Sa'i is a pillar of Hajj, and one could not end the second phase of the state of Ihram (being free from all its restrictions) unless he performs it."
 
As regards the sexual intercourse that you had with your wife while not knowing the ruling, then you are not sinful because you did not know the ruling, so this does not invalidate your Hajj according to the Shafi'ee school and according to one of the narrations of Ahmad, may Allah have mercy on him. This opinion is also the preponderant one according to Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy on him.
 
Imam An-Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said in Rawdhatut-Talib: 'If the pilgrim has sexual intercourse with his wife due to not knowing the ruling, forgetfulness, being insane or forced to do it, then this does not invalidate his Hajj and he does not have to offer a sacrifice. However, if you had intercourse deliberately and while knowing the ruling then you are obliged to sacrifice for that without any difference of opinion on this. This applies to you if you came to the end of the first phase of the state of Ihram having thrown the pebbles and shaved your hair. But if you had not finished the first phase of the stated of Ihram, and committed some of the prohibitions of Ihram during this period, then there are some details about it.'
 
If the restrictions you transgressed pertained to wearing form-fitting clothes, applying perfume or having sexual intercourse; then you are not sinful if you did not know the ruling. But if the violations pertain to cutting hair or nails, then for every prohibition you have to pay a ransom of either observing fast (three days) or giving charity (feeding six poor people) or offering a sacrifice (one sheep). 
 
Allah Knows best.
  
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
 
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Fri, 31 Aug 2018 13:16:00 +0300
<![CDATA[Advise with Sincerity and Kindness]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=135276 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=135276

The one who invites others to Allah is from the closest people to Allah our Lord. In addition, Muslims collectively agree on the importance of propagating Islam and inviting people to Allah, and many talk about it being mandatory upon Muslims, and we agree with them, that it is an obligation, to enjoy that which is good and forbid that which is evil and to spread chastity and fight immorality and educate people and remind them and advise them.

Therefore, there is no doubt that one who invites to Allah is a chosen one, and form the best of his creatures. He loved Allah, responded to Him and invited to Him so in return Allah loved him. That is why Allah Says in a short statement and made it very clear (what means): And who is better in speech then he who invites to Allah, meaning, Islamic monotheism and does righteous deeds and says; `I am one of the Muslims`[Quran 41:33].

Al-Hasan Al-Basari, may Allah have mercy upon him, said after he has recited the abovementioned verse: “This is the beloved one to Allah, this is the Waly of Allah, meaning supported and loved by Allah. This is the chosen one by Allah, this is the best of preachers to Allah this is the most dear from the dwellers of earth to Allah. He responded to Allah and called people to Allah and acted righteously while responding and calling and said "I am from the Muslims”

To attain the level of this rank, it is necessary for the Muslim missionary or propagator who is seeking the reward from Allah to be mindful of the following issues in order for the mission to be fruitful:

1) Being sincere in the objective and intention: Sincerity is the foremost of all deeds and certainly the most important of them all; it is the foundation for all other deeds; it is the essence of Islam and the one of the principal matters that the prophets called their people to. Allah Says (what means): And they [i.e. the People of the Scripture] were not commanded except to worship Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give Zakah. And that is the correct religion.[Quran 98:5]

Sincerity is the essence of worship; Imaam Ibn Hazm, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: “The relationship between sincerity and deeds is like that between the soul and the body.

Sincerity is the basis upon which deeds are either accepted or rejected, and thus it is the cause of one's ultimate success or failure. Sincerity is the way leading to Hell for those who do not fulfil it and the path to Paradise for those who can attain it.

Those who fulfil Islamic monotheism are also referred to as the sincere, and its Islamic definition is as Imaam Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: “…To have only (the pleasure of) Allah in one's intention whilst performing acts of obedience.

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Deeds are but with intentions.” This is one of the most important prophetic narrations from amongst all that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, taught us.

On the other hand, those who perform deeds in order to be seen by others are dispraised by Allah and are promised punishment, as Allah Says (what means): Whoever desires the life of this world and its adornments – We fully repay them for their deeds therein, and they therein will not be deprived. Those are the ones for whom there is not in the Hereafter but the Fire.[Quran 11:15-16]

Therefore, the Muslim propagator or missionary does not call to gain a personal benefit for himself, his people, his tribe or group. Otherwise he will have no reward. 

2) Being kind whilst calling people: Using the proper means leading to the achievement of the objective is achieved by one following the way of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah addresses the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, Saying (what means): Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching and argue with them in a way that is better”. [Quran 16:125]. Some of the people who are invited to the way of Allah are good in nature, if they recognize the truth they stick to it. They are thirsty and eager, and as soon as one shows them the truth, they hasten to it. Such a person is to be invited with wisdom.

Regarding the method of calling people, Allah Says in the above verse (which means): Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best… [Quran 16:125] Thus, one should not be aggressive and harsh in the way he calls people to Islam; rather he should use words that would soften their hearts, so that they would yield to his instructions and pay heed to his words. Allah commands us to be this way, even with the disbelievers, when He says (what means): And do not argue with the People of the Scripture except in a way that is best, except for those who commit injustice among them…[Quran 29: 46]

In our era, such wisdom, soft words and kindness when calling to the path of Allah are especially important. This is of course required in all situations, but in a period in which ignorance and submitting to desires has overwhelmed the masses, it becomes all the more essential. Once, a scholar entered into the presence of an ‘Abbaasi caliph and said: “I am going to admonish you in a harsh manner, so listen.” Upon hearing this, the caliph said: “O brother! Be gentle, for I am not worse than Pharaoh, and you are not better than Moosaa whom Allah addressed along with his brother, Haaroon, Saying (what means): And speak to him [i.e., Pharaoh] with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [Allah].[Quran 20: 44]

Furthermore, the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: “He who is deprived of gentleness and forbearance is deprived from a great deal of goodness.” `Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, reported that the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: “Whenever forbearance is added to something, it adorns it; and whenever it is withdrawn from something, it leaves it defective.” [Muslim].

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Thu, 16 Aug 2018 13:25:00 +0300
<![CDATA[The Best Ways to Increase Your Provision]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=195865 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=195865

The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, informed us that when the fetus in its mother’s womb is four months old, Allah The Almighty sends an angel to breathe the soul into it and write down its provision, its lifespan and its deeds, and whether it is doomed or blessed.

Provision is also written down and connected to the means that one adopts to search for it. Among these means are that man should work to seek provision, as Allah The Almighty Says (what means):

{“He it is Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it); so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision. And to Him will be the Resurrection”} [Quran, 67:15]

One of the most important means of increasing one's provision is having Taqwa i.e., being conscious of Allah The Almighty and fearful of Him. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {“And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). 3.And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.”} [Quran, 65: 2-3]

Allah The Almighty will reward the one who fears Him and is mindful of what pleases Him in all situations, in this life and the Hereafter. One of the worldly rewards is that Allah The Almighty will make a way out for him from hardships and adversities and will provide him from means which he never could have expected. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {“And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwa (piety), certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they belied (the Messengers). So We took them (with punishment) for what they used to earn (polytheism and crimes”} [Quran, 7: 96].

Shaykh As-Sa’di, may Allah have mercy upon him, said, "If they truly and sincerely believed with their hearts and proved their belief with actions, and were fearful of Allah inwardly and outwardly, then Allah would have opened for them blessings from the Heavens by sending rain and the earth by causing plants to grow by which they as well as their cattle would benefit; they would have lived the richest life without the least difficulty or effort."

What is this piety that Allah The Almighty has made a reason behind gaining provisions? Why did He inform us that He would provide for the pious and grant them sustenance without limits and measures.

Piety is what puts a barrier between you and that which harms you; it is a protection, which entails fulfilling all that Allah The Almighty has commanded one to do as well as refraining from everything that Allah The Almighty has prohibited.

The Salaf (righteous predecessors) explained and defined piety thus:

Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: "It (i.e., piety) is to obey Allah and never to disobey Him; to remember Him and not forget Him; and to thank Him and never be ungrateful to Him."

If you wish to increase your provision from Allah and live a comfortable life, then fear Allah and be pious in all your affairs: at home, at work and with your family. Protect yourself from sins, adhere to the commandments of your Lord, refrain from His prohibitions and protect yourself from whatever results in His punishment.
Other means of increasing one's provision are:

• Migrating for the sake of Allah The Almighty
• Jihad (striving) for the sake of Allah The Almighty
• Thankfulness to Allah The Almighty
• Marriage
• Supplicating to Allah The Almighty during times of need
• Shunning sins and remaining steadfast upon the religion of Allah The Almighty by performing acts of obedience. This last way is the most important of all what has been mentioned, because provisions are gained by obedience and lost by disobedience, and the person gets deprived from provisions due to a sin he commits. Sins are the greatest cause for losing provisions, having a difficult life and losing blessings in life. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {“If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islam), We would surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance.” } [Quran, 72: 16] which means that if they maintained themselves upon the path of truth, guidance and belief, He would have increased their provisions.

 

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Tue, 14 Aug 2018 13:16:00 +0300
<![CDATA[The story of Prophet Nooh -II]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=109243 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=109243

The disbelievers remain ignorant

Prophet Nooh (Noah), may Allaah exalt his mention, firmly continued his efforts in calling his people to the way of Allah Almighty. The rulers were tired of Nooh's arguments. Allah, the Exalted, related their attitude in the following verses (which mean): "They said: 'O Nooh! You have disputed [i.e., opposed] us and been frequent in dispute of us. So bring us what you threaten us with, if you should be of the truthful.' He said: 'Allah will only bring it to you if He wills, and you will not cause [Him] failure. And my advice will not benefit you – although I wished to advise you – if Allah should intend to put you in error. He is your Lord, and to Him you will be returned.'" [Quran: 11:32-34]
The battle continued; the arguments between the disbelievers and Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, became prolonged. When all the refutations of the disbelievers collapsed and they had no more to say, they began to be offensive and insulted Allah's prophet as in the verse (which means): "Said the eminent among his people: 'Indeed, we see you in clear error.'" [Quran: 7:60]
Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, responded in the manner of the prophets; he said (what means): "…'O my people! There is not error in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds. I convey to you the messages of my Lord and advise you; and I know from Allah what you do not know.'" [7: 61-62]
Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, continued appealing to his people to believe in Allah hour after hour, day after day and year after year. He admonished his people and called them to Allah day and night, in secret and openly. He gave them examples, explained Allah's signs and illustrated Allah's ability in the formation of His creatures. But whenever he called them to Allah, they ran away from him. Whenever he urged them to ask Allah to forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears and became too proud to listen to the truth.
Allah, the Almighty, relates what Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, faced, Saying (what means): "Indeed, We sent Nooh to his people, [saying]: 'Warn your people before there comes to them a painful punishment.' He said: 'O my people! Indeed I am to you a clear warner, [Saying]: 'Worship Allah, fear Him and obey me. He [i.e. Allah] will forgive you of your sins and delay you for a specified term. Indeed, the time [set by] Allah, when it comes, will not be delayed, if you only knew.'' He said: 'My Lord! Indeed I invited my people [to truth] night and day. But my invitation increased them not except in flight [i.e. aversion]. And indeed, every time I invited them that You may forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments [in refusal], persisted, and were arrogant with [great] arrogance. Then I invited them publicly. Then I announced to them and [also] confided to them secretly. And said: 'Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver. He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in [continuing] showers. And give you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers. What is [the matter] with you that you do not attribute to Allah [due] grandeur, while He has created you in stages? Do you not consider how Allah has created seven heavens in layers, and made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp? And Allah has caused you to grow from the earth a [progressive] growth. Then He will return you into it and extract you [another] extraction. And Allah has made for you the earth an expanse. That you may follow therein roads of passage.'' Nooh said: 'My Lord! Indeed they have disobeyed me and followed him whose wealth and children will not increase him except in loss. And they conspired an immense conspiracy, and said: ‘Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwaa’ or Yaghooth and Ya’ooq and Nasr [i.e., the names of their idols]' And already they have misled many. And, [my Lord], do not increase the wrongdoers except in error.' Because of their sins they were drowned and put into the Fire, and they found not for themselves besides Allah [any] helpers." [Quran: 71:1-25]
Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, continued to call his people to believe in Allah for nine hundred and fifty years. Allah, the Almighty, Says (what means): "And We certainly sent Nooh to his people, and he remained among them a thousand years minus fifty years…" [Quran: 29:14]
Insistence on disbelief
It happened that every passing generation admonished the succeeding one not to believe Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, and to wage war against him. The father would teach his child about the matter that was between himself and Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention,  and counsel him to reject his call when he reached adulthood. Their inclination rejected believing and following the truth.
Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, saw that the number of believers was not increasing, while that of the disbelievers was. He was sad for his people, but he never reached the point of despair.
There came a day when Allah revealed to Nooh that no others would believe. Allah inspired him not to grieve for them, at which point Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, prayed that the disbelievers be destroyed, saying (which means): "…'My Lord! Do not leave upon the earth from among the disbelievers an inhabitant. Indeed, if you leave them, they will mislead Your servants and not beget except [every] wicked one and [confirmed] disbeliever.'" [Quran: 71:26-27]
Allah accepted the prayer of Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention. The case was closed, and He passed His judgment on the disbelievers in the form of a flood. Allah the Exalted ordered His worshipper, Nooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, to build an ark with His knowledge and instructions and with the help of angels. Almighty Allah commanded (what means): "And construct the ship under Our Eyes and Our inspiration and do not address Me concerning those who have wronged; indeed, they are [to be] drowned." [Quran: 11:37]
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Sun, 12 Aug 2018 13:00:00 +0300
<![CDATA[Pondering on Allah's signs]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=150848 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=150848

In the Quran, it is mentioned that the unbelievers are the people who does not recognize and appreciate the signs of Allah. The significance of a believer is his ability to see those signs and proofs. They know that these are not created in vain; they can realize the power and great art of Allah everywhere and find ways to appraise Him. About such people Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], 'Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.'"[Quran 3:191]

Many times in the Quran, there are expressions like "will you not take heed?", "...there is a sign for thinking men" which emphasize the importance of pondering on the signs of Allah. Allah has created an endless list of things to be the subjects of pondering. Everything we see and sense is indeed a manifestation and sign of Allah; so all those in heavens and in earth and in between may be a means of pondering for us. Allah Saya (what means): "He causes to grow for you thereby the crops, olives, palm trees, grapevines, and from all the fruits. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who give thought."[Quran 16: 11]
 
Let's think for a while of one of the items mentioned in the above verse; for instance, the "date-tree, as well known, grows up from a seed out of the earth. From this tiny seed (a seed is not even 1 cm3 in size), an enormous wooden mass of several meters long and hundreds of kilograms of weight, forms. The only thing that seed can use while constituting this great mass is the earth in which it is buried.
 
How can a seed know how to constitute a tree? How does it know how to decompose the necessary substances in the soil to form food? How can it predict the required shape and structure? This last question is especially important, because it is not an ordinary wooden piece that emerges out from the seed. The seed develops a complex living organism with roots for assimilating substances from the earth, with veins in itself and with branches that are perfectly organized. A human being has difficulty while drawing even a picture of a tree, but on the other hand a simple seed can produce that extremely complex object using the substances in the soil.
 
This observation concludes that a seed is extremely intelligent and wise, even more than us. Or better to say, there is an amazing intelligence in what a seed does. But what is the source of that intelligence? How can it be possible for a seed to have such an intelligence and memory like a computer "chip"?
 
The chips are produced by people who have intelligence and knowledge. Just like a seed which is created by Allah with the ability to develop a tree. Every seed on earth is encompassed by Allah and grows within His knowledge. He Almighty Says (what means): "Indeed, Allah is the cleaver of grain and date seeds. He brings the living out of the dead and brings the dead out of the living. That is Allah; so how are you deluded?"[Quran 6: 95]
A seed is merely one of the numerous signs that Allah has created in the universe. If men begin to think with not only their minds but also with their hearts, asking the question of 'why' and 'how' to themselves, they can understand that all the universe is a proof of the existence and power of Allah, the Most Exalted.
 
However, the unbelievers cannot understand such things, since they don't have the ability to "see" this purpose- as the Quran expresses (what means): "…They have eyes with which they do not see…"[Quran 7: 179] i.e., they do not have the wisdom and comprehension to realize the important reality with their materialistic vision.
 
On the other hand, believers are different than this 'blind' group, because they realize and accept that the whole universe is created by Allah with a certain aim and wisdom. This belief is the first step of faith. As faith and wisdom, both of which are in parallel, increase, they will start to identify every detail of Allah's creation.
 
One of the things to be done to identify the details of Allah's Creation is to be careful and observant. Because the ability to see the signs of Allah and not to be "blind" like the unbelievers, require a high concentration.
 
Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Unquestionably, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. Already He knows that upon which you [stand] and [knows] the Day when they will be returned to Him and He will inform them of what they have done. And Allah is Knowing of all things.."[Quran 24: 64]
"Unquestionably, they are in doubt about the meeting with their Lord. Unquestionably He is, of all things, encompassing." [Quran 41:54]
One should train himself to recognize the signs of Allah and should always keep this in mind. Otherwise, mind will start to wander, jumping from one topic to another, wasting time thinking about useless things.
 
Mind is like water; unless it is directed which way to flow, it spreads away, to the places that you would not want it to flow. This is a kind of unconsciousness; you cannot control your mind. You cannot focus and concentrate on a subject. Actually, you cannot conceive the truth behind the events happening and also cannot ever have the competence to interfere in them. On the contrary, your mind gets directed by those events. You are "bewildered" all the time, which is not an attribute of a believer, but the unbelievers, as Allah Almighty Says (what means): "...And he who associates with Allah – it is as though he had fallen from the sky and was snatched by the birds or the wind carried him down into a remote place."[Quran 22: 31]
 
Believers, on the other hand, are the ones who direct their minds, try to better perceive Allah, and who try to better serve His religion. The believers are the ones "who turn away from ill speech"[Quran 23:3]. They free their minds from any useless thoughts and whenever they realize the appeal of Satan, they rescue themselves just like Allah Almighty Says in the Quran (what means): "Indeed, those who fear Allah – when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight."[Quran 7: 201]
Therefore, the believers should be careful to keep their minds free of useless thoughts and ponder only on useful things that serve them in their life and keep them close to the Mighty Creator.
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Wed, 08 Aug 2018 12:30:00 +0300
<![CDATA[The Greatest Objective of Hajj - IV]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223437 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223437

… Continued

Therefore, this is a real alteration in formatting and molding the human in every aspect relevant to thought, mind, heart, soul, words and deeds. Then, this change will be reflected upon the entire Ummah, as Allah The Almighty Says about us and as the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, taught us that we are the Ummah of Tawheed whose hearts are attached only to Allah, who spend their wealth only in the cause of Allah, who earn their money through lawful means and who lead their lives and have customs in conformity with the religion of Allah. Are we like this? We are in dire need nowadays to think deeply about the answer to this question. Yes, we do not worship idols as we have been spared that form of polytheism. However, we need to think about other forms that may occupy our hearts and minds and compete with such absolute sincerity and devotion to Allah The Almighty and disassociation from whatever contradicts the religion of Allah.

Without doubt, the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, taught us in many situations that an act of Jahiliyyah is whatever contradicts the creed, worship, laws, customs and social etiquettes of Islam. When Abu Tharr, may Allah be pleased with him, said to someone – and it was narrated in a collection of Hadeeth other than Al-Bukhari that this person was Bilal, may Allah be pleased with him - “O son of a black woman”; the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said to Abu Tharr: “You are a person who (still) has a bad trait of Jahiliyyah.” In his commentary on this Hadeeth, Ibn Hajar, may Allah have mercy upon him, said, “It indicates that sins pertain to Jahiliyyah.”

We notice this, when the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, warned us against a mistake that we have already made. He said: “Do not return disbelievers (in actions) after my death by killing each other.” He also warned us during the incident when the Jews and other enemies of Islam stirred up the grudges and hatred among the tribes of Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj who were tribes that had fought one another before they embraced Islam. The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, vehemently stated: “Quit it (that call)! It is a detestable thing. Quit it! It is a detestable thing! Do not return disbelievers (in actions) after me by killing each other.” Such bigotry and conflict have emerged and are still fueled either by our enemies, or we may fuel it ourselves unconsciously resulting in disagreement and disunity among us. The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, warned us against disagreement and disunity even in understanding the Quran. The Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Recite the Quran as long as your hearts agree about its interpretation, but if you have any difference of opinion (as regards to its interpretation and meaning) then get up! (stop reciting it (for the time being.))” So, how about in other affairs of life? When the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, heard disagreement and dispute among his companions, he angrily went out to them and his face turned so red that it was as if pomegranate seeds had burst on his face, and he then said to them the aforementioned Hadeeth.

Establishing Tawheed attaches the hearts to Allah. Such an establishment is represented in following and adhering to the Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Tawheed is a nullification of any form of polytheism and a acknowledgement that all people should partake in the worship of Allah. It also indicates that there is no difference or discrimination among people. At the mosques, the houses of Allah, all differences and privileges are eradicated where all people modestly worship Allah. On the Day of ‘Arafah, you can see the ruler and the ruled, the rich and the poor, and the strong and the weak discard their usual clothes, leave the worldly life behind their backs, their eyes tearful and their hearts humble, raising their hands supplicating to Allah. All of them there are servants who seek the mercy and forgiveness of Allah. Tawheed is the greatest declaration of equality and the strongest pickaxe to demolish all types of racism, prejudices and disputes that cut off ties, disperse the rows and divide the Ummah into disagreeing parties.

When we have the chance to perform these acts of worship and rituals, they reform us and take us back to the fundamentals of the true and pure Islam which are embedded in the Quran and Sunnah. The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, confirmed this by pronouncing the slogan of Tawheed in every scene. He greatly emphasized this when he said that these rituals are meant for remembering Allah The Almighty. He stated this meaning in every place. He proclaimed that all practices of Jahiliyyah were under his feet; meaning, abolished. He never said that in any previous situation. He declared this in the Farewell Hajj after he purified hearts from Jahiliyyah and washed off their foul customs. This was so deeply- rooted to the extent that it was the Abyssinian Bilal, may Allah be pleased with him, who ascended the Ka‘bah on the day of the conquest of Makkah to raise the Athan (call to prayer). This situation stunned the masters of Quraysh as they could not imagine how a lowly Abyssinian slave could ascend the roof of the Ka‘bah simply because he was a Muslim following the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. In this way, Islam abolished the pre-Islamic foul practices by the clear signs during the season of Hajj that preceded the Farewell Hajj when Allah The Almighty Revealed (what means): {O you who have believed, indeed the polytheists are unclean, so let them not approach Al-Masjid Al-Haram after this, their [final] year.} [Quran 9:28]

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, decided to form the Ummah in a way making it connected to Allah and following its Messenger and not attached to anything that would contradict this in terms of economics, politics, and society. It accepts and follows the Quran, the authentic Sunnah and the great mental treasures of our scholars who exerted their utmost in extracting rules from the Quran and Sunnah. This is a radical comprehensive formation for the Ummah on the individual as well as the group level. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Indeed this, your religion, is one religion, and I am your Lord, so worship Me.} [Quran 21:92] This is a vital arrangement and molding.

Nowadays, we must scrutinize our customs and traditions, and the means that we have invented to discriminate between people and races. We have forgotten that the Abyssinian Bilal, the Roman Suhayb, the Persian Salman, the ‘Adawian ‘Umar and the Taymian Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them, all gathered under the flag of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, during the Farewell Hajj. They put on their Ihram, repeated the Talbiyah, and declared the testimony of faith and the glorification of Allah together. They sent a message to humanity that the religion of Allah and the greatness of Islam and the bond of Tawheed are the best means to remove differences and reconcile disagreements.

We should rejoice due to this favor. We should do our best to achieve it in our hearts, words, and deeds whether during Hajj or during any other times and in all our behaviors and all the traditions of our societies.

 

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Tue, 07 Aug 2018 15:32:20 +0300
<![CDATA[The Greatest Objective of Hajj - III]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223433 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223433

 … Continued

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, wanted to implant and establish this principle. At that time the polytheists and those new to Islam were keen to closely watch and follow the acts of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, proceeded to Mount ‘Arafah, they wanted him to stay where the tribe of Quraysh would do as he descended from the noblest family of Quraysh. However, he moved on and stayed in another place where a tent was pitched for him at Namirah. People of Quraysh used to proceed from ‘Arafah before sunset; but the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, refused to proceed until the sun had set. The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, would state and stipulate his own guidance and Sunnah in every ritual of Hajj. He, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Learn your Hajj rituals from me.” His guidance clearly opposed the way of Jahiliyyah. For example, he speeded up his pace at Wadi Muhassir and ordered others to do so as well because it was a place where disobedience to Allah was once committed and where collective punishment struck the disobeyers. The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, emphasized this in many places and situations, and even when he offered two Rak‘ahs (units of prayer) at Al-Maqam (the Station of Ibrahim), he recited Chapter Al-Kafiroon and Chapter Al-Ikhlas in the first and the second Rak‘ah after Chapter Al-Fatihah respectively. He chose those two chapters in particular because the first clearly affirms Tawheed and the second affirms disassociation from the disbelievers.

Hence, our faith and Tawheed must be purely for Allah in compliance with the guidance and Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; we must not accept or approve of anything that contradicts this. A violation of Tawheed is not necessarily committed by worshipping entities, but rather, by any inclination of the heart to other than Allah. Tawheed is not necessarily achieved by prostrating and submitting, but, rather, with every action that we perform to draw closer to Allah. Many are the attachments of the heart and the perceptions of the mind that are not based on Tawheed and not connected with the remembrance of Allah. The remembrance of Allah is the motto of Hajj in every motion and every rite, not only for the individual but for all those large crowds; not spoken in secret, but rather in an explicit declaration. It is a motto that links the Ummah of Islam to Allah. Thus, it fears none but Allah, hopes in none but Allah, relies on none but Allah, returns to none but Allah and seeks none but Allah The Almighty. It worships Him alone, following the steps of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

In this light, we recognize the significance of the command to mention Allah’s name in Hajj. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days.} [Quran 22:28] Allah The Almighty orders us to mention His name on known days. Indeed, the purpose of all the rituals and rites of Hajj is to mention the name of Allah and glorify Him.

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, very evidently stressed this great meaning in the Khutbah (sermon) of the Farewell Hajj as well as all his other Khutbahs. He said:
Everything pertaining to Jahiliyyah is under my feet, completely abolished. Abolished also are the blood-revenges of Jahiliyyah. The first claim of ours on blood-revenge which I abolish is that of the son of Rabi‘ah Ibn Al-Harith. The Riba (usury/interest) of Jahiliyyah is (also) abolished, and the first of our Riba I abolish is that of Al-‘Abbas Ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib, for it is all abolished. Fear Allah concerning women! Indeed, you have taken them under Allah’s trust, and intercourse with them has been made lawful to you by the words of Allah.”

He ascertained in public before an audience made up of his great companions and all the pilgrims who came to perform Hajj with them from every distance that every act of Jahiliyyah that contradicts Islamic teachings was under his feet. He settled this rule starting with his own family to confirm that faith does not recognize courtesies, and to emphasize that the way of Islam is clear and totally opposite to the deviant practices of Jahiliyyah. Islam does not adopt rulings from here or there, and when it approves the guidance of Ibrahim, may Allah exalt his mention, it is simply because Ibrahim is the father of Islam and Muslims and the leader of the upright religion. This is confirmed in the crystal clear words of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “Allah has removed from you haughtiness and boasting (over one another) because of ancestry that prevailed during the pre-Islamic days: (the people are divided into) pious believers and wretched disbelievers. All people belong to ‘Aadam, may Allah exalt his mention, and ‘Adam was created from dust.” [Abu Dawud & At-Tirmithi: Hasan (Sound)]

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, did not only abolish all the acts and deeds relevant to polytheism and customs, but he also abolished racism and boasting over one another because all people are equal slaves before Allah. This great meaning was expressed by the best and noblest human when he said: “I am among you the one who worships Allah the most and the most fearing of Him among you.” The great honor of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, lies in his servitude to Allah. By servitude to Allah, the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, reached the most sublime and highest rank in the night of Al-Isra’ and Al-Mi‘raj (The Prophet's night journey to Al-Aqsa mosque and ascent to the upper heavens). This rank was not reached by any other sent prophet or close angel.

Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from Al-Masjid Al-Haram [in Makkah] to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.} [Quran 17:1] Allah The Almighty referred to the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, in this verse as His servant and not His prophet or His Messenger because the greatest honor of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is that he was the most worshipping servant of Allah there was. We can see him in the Hadeeth of Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, while he was beseeching and supplicating to Allah, humbly prostrating to him, casting the pebbles while declaring the glorification of Allah, making Tawaf around the Ka‘bah, glorifying Allah and walking fast between Mounts As-Safa and Al-Marwah. He is the slave and Messenger of Allah who represented the ultimate Tawheed that annuls anything else. When he was asked about the supplication of Day of ‘Arafah, he answered: “The best words that I and the prophets before me said are: ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allahu wadahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, yuhyee wa yumeet wa huwa ‘ala qulli shay’in qadeer.’ (None is truly worthy of worship but Allah alone, who has no partner. To Him belongs the dominion, to Him belongs all praise, He gives life and causes death and He has power over everything.)” Such Tawheed that abolishes every aspect of Jahilliyah is a great matter and the main goal of Hajj. It is the foremost and greatest goal of the Islamic Shari‘ah that is manifested in this ritual. It should be noted that this is a radical comprehensive change, not a superficial partial one. It starts with the first throb of the heart towards the intention of performing Hajj. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto a way.} [Quran 3:97] In this verse the dedication of this worship solely to Allah is clear by starting the sentence with "And [due] to Allah." Hence, the intention must be for Allah alone from the first move or thought about performing Hajj. Hearts full of hoping for Allah, worshipping Him alone and devotion to Him; tongues repeat Talbiyah and Takbir and feet walk in the places where Allah commands His slaves to go.

To be continued …

 

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Tue, 07 Aug 2018 15:26:10 +0300
<![CDATA[The Greatest Objective of Hajj - II]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223429 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223429

 … Continued
Jaabir, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that, “When the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, assumed Ihraam (ritual consecration for Hajj), he pronounced the Talbiyyah that confirms the Oneness of Allah (saying): 'Labbayka Allahumma labbayk; labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk; inna al-Hamda wa-n-i‘mata laka wal-mulk; la shareeka lak (Here I am at Your service, O Allah! You have no partner. Here I am at Your service, O Allah. Indeed, all the praise, grace and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.)'” By doing so, the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, abolished what the polytheists would do during the days of Jahiliyyah. They would associate a partner with Allah saying, “You have no partners except a partner whom You own and whatever he owns.” Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And most of them believe not in Allah except while they associate others with Him.} [Quran 12:106]

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nullified this foul practice of Jahiliyyah and said upon intending Hajj: “O Allah, I intend to perform Hajj free from ostentation and seeking fame.” [Ibn Majah] He intended to make Hajj free from ostentation and free from seeking fame or privileges as the people of Quraysh in the pre-Islamic era would have distinct privileges over all other Arabs therein.

According to the Hadeeth of Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, when the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, wanted to make Tawaaf, “He first mounted (Mount) As-Safa until he saw the House, and facing the Qiblah (prayer direction), he declared the Oneness of Allah and glorified Him, and said: 'Laa ilaaha illa Allahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa ‘alaa qulli shay’in qadeer. Laa ilaaha illa Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wa‘dahu, wa nasara ‘abdahu, wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu (None is truly worthy of worship but Allah alone, who has no partner. To Him belongs the dominion, to Him belongs all praise, and He has power over everything. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His servant, and defeated the confederates Alone.)'” [Al-Bukhari]
The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, declared and confirmed Tawheed because there were symbols of polytheism in these places. Allah The Almighty revealed (what means):

{Indeed, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘Umrah - there is no blame upon him for walking between them.} [Quran 2:158] ‘Urwah, may Allah have mercy upon him, asked his maternal aunt ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, “There is no blame upon a person for not walking between them (as if he understood from this verse that there is no blame if one does not perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwah).” ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “O my nephew, it is not that! The Ansar (Madinan helpers) would intend Tawaf for an idol called Manat which they used to glorify (before they embraced Islam), so when they were about to perform Tawaf with the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, they were embarrassed lest they would be glorifying what they used to glorify before Islam. Therefore, Allah The Almighty lifted the blame and the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, declared that their Tawaf and Sa‘y were for the sake of Allah alone and a nullification of all aspects of polytheism and attachment to other than Allah. Hence, the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: 'Indeed, Tawaf around the House and (Sa‘y) between As-Safa and Al-Marwah and casting the pebbles were all established for the remembrance of Allah The Almighty.'”

These are apparent matters that are done jointly by the heart, tongue and acts of all other bodily organs. Takbir (saying, 'Allahu akbar') is evident in Hajj because the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said so and did so often. Upon casting the pebbles, he would say: “Bismillaah wa Allahu akbar (In the Name of Allah, and Allah is the Greatest).” He would pronounce Takbir upon slaughtering the sacrificial animal saying: “Bismillaah wa Allahu Akbar. Allahumma hatha minka wa ilayak (In the name of Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. O Allah, this is from You (Your bounty) and for Your sake.)” Also, it is a well-known Sunnah to declare Takbir during ‘Eid and the Days of Tashriq (the three days that follow 'Eid).

The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, very obviously did not follow the way of the polytheists. His actions were a proclamation that establishing Tawheed is the sought way of life, the essence of Islam and the salvation of Muslims in this worldly life and in the Hereafter.
To be continued …

 

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Tue, 07 Aug 2018 15:19:17 +0300
<![CDATA[The Greatest Objective of Hajj - I]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223425 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=223425

Worshipping Allah The Almighty alone, making one’s heart Allah-conscious, having tongues oft-remembering of Allah, having the body's organs preoccupied with fulfilling the rituals of Hajj and spending effort and wealth in every aspect drawing the person nearer to Allah are the greatest goals behind the great Hajj.

This is a novel arrangement of worship that affects the individual’s heart, soul, mind, words and deeds as well as affecting the entire Ummah (Muslim nation) during the process of performing these rituals and glorifying these holy sites. This is an immense matter that is deserving of our attention because it is connected to annulling the foul practices of the pre-Islamic era, refuting its falsities, and putting an end to its discrimination and racism.

It is an amazing scene that deserves reflection and contemplation. It is the very process of remolding the Muslim during Hajj - remolding him within the Islamic Shari‘ah and the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (may Allah exalt his mention).

Tawheed (monotheism) dates back to the start of creation on the day when Adam, may Allah exalt his mention, obeyed his Lord whereas Satan refused to obey Allah The Almighty. Hence, the believing person was distinguished by his worshipping Allah alone and avoiding the way of Satan in terms of ungratefulness, arrogance and haughtiness, and then in avoiding Satan’s whispers and seductions.

When we look into our deep-rootedness in history that dates back to the father of the Prophets, Ibrahim (Abraham), may Allah exalt his mention, we will find the first mark and sign of Tawheed. Allah The Almighty Says (what means):

{And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Ibrahim the site of the House, [saying], "Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf [circumambulation] and those who stand [in prayer] and those who bow and prostrate.} [Quran 22:26] This is so that it would be the foremost landmark of Tawheed since the establishment of the House of Allah. Also:

{And We charged Ibrahim and Isma‘il (Ishmael), [saying], "Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying [there] for worship and those who bow and prostrate [in prayer].} [Quran 2:125] Such purification is meant to eradicate any violation or infringement of Tawheed or of attachment to anything other than Allah The Almighty. In light of this Tawheed, we reflect upon Hajj and the guidance of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, when he came to Makkah for ‘Umrat Al-Qadha’ (the compensatory lesser-Hajj) following the Al-Hudaybiyah treaty. He headed for the House of Allah, glorifying it and without paying any attention to the idols and false gods erected around the Ka‘bah that contradicted monotheism and worshipping Allah alone. However, when he entered Makkah as a conqueror, he struck the three-hundred and sixty idols around the Ka‘bah with his crook and stick, bringing them down to the ground by the hand of Tawheed while reciting the verse (which means): {And say, "Truth has come, and falsehood has departed. Indeed is falsehood, [by nature], ever bound to depart."} [Quran 17:81] The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, dismounted from his riding animal and refused to enter the House. Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, narrated, “When the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, entered Makkah, he refused to enter the House with the idols therein. He ordered them to be taken out.

There was an image depicting Ibraaheem and Ismaa‘eel, may Allah exalt their mention, holding divining arrows in their hands like the polytheists. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: ‘May Allah kill them (the polytheists)! They know that they (Ibrahim and Isma‘il) never used divining arrows.’ Then, he entered the House declaring Takbir (Allah is the greatest) in its corners and went out without praying.” [Al-Bukhari]

The next year, when the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was in total control of Makkah, he did not leave for Hajj and sent Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, leading a small group of the Companions. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Abu Bakr sent me - in the ninth year when he led people in Hajj - along with other announcers on the day of sacrifice to announce publicly that, 'No polytheist is allowed to perform Hajj after this year and no naked person is allowed to perform the Tawaf around the Ka‘bah...'” [Al-Bukhari] This abolished all the signs and foul customs of Shirk (polytheism). Polytheists claimed that they made Tawaf around the Ka‘bah naked in order not to wear the clothes that they had committed sins and transgressed in. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And their prayer at the House was not except whistling and handclapping. So taste the punishment for what you disbelieved.} [Quran 8:35] The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, wanted to nullify all these practices. The Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, continues, “…

Then he (the Messenger of Allah) sent ‘Ali to read out Surat Bara’ah (Chapter At-Tawbah) before people on the day of the greater Hajj.” [Al-Bukhari] This announced that Allah The Almighty and His Messenger, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, are disassociated from the polytheists. It was a declaration of Tawheed indicating disassociation from everything that contradicts it and annulling the practices of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islamic ignorance). All of this was confirmed in every move made during the Hajj of Abu Bakr and the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

To be continued …

 

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Tue, 07 Aug 2018 15:13:49 +0300
<![CDATA[Rights of the kin in the light of Islam –II]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=137247 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=137247

When your kinfolk are non-Muslim

We should know that kindness to parents is a personal duty imposed by Allah on every son and daughter. To be a dutiful child is to ensure that one is closer to Allah the Almighty. It makes it easier to win Allah’s pleasure and be eventually admitted into Paradise. Parents must be obeyed unless they order us to commit a sin. This is based on the Prophet’s, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, statement that: “No creature may be obeyed in what constitutes disobedience to the Creator.” All this assumes that the parents are Muslims. It may happen, however, that a Muslim child has non-Muslim parents. What should his attitude be toward them?

First and foremost, even if one's kinsfolk are hostile to Islam, one should under no circumstance give up on them; continue to invite them to Islam with kindness, compassion and wisdom. We should pray to Allah constantly to guide them and open their hearts and lead them to the straight path.

Asmaa’ bint Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with her, was the Prophet’s sister-in-law. She was the daughter of his closest companion and the sister of his wife ‘Aaishah, may Allaah be pleased with her. Her mother, however, did not become a Muslim for quite a long time. Asmaa’, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “My mother came to me during the time of the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, hoping to get something from me. I asked the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, 'whether I should be kind to her'". He answered: “Yes, (Al-Bukhari).

The way this hadeeth is phrased suggests that her mother had not yet become a Muslim when she came to her. Another version states clearly that the mother was hostile to Islam. Had she shown any inclination to become a Muslim, Asmaa’ would not have needed to ask the Prophet’s sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam permission to be kind to her. Many a Muslim at that time was extra kind to their parents and relatives who were not Muslims, hoping to win them over to Islam. The significance of this particular hadeeth is that even when a parent is determined not to become a Muslim, we still should treat him or her kindly.

Try all beautiful and wise ways to bring them into the fold of Islam. Bear in mind that this indeed is one of the most difficult tasks and one of the most honorable ones as well. Show them concern and be patient when dealing with them. Overlook the harsh words and pardon the ridicule.

Remember that never did the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, quit calling his uncle Abu Talib to embrace Islam, even when his uncle was in his death bed. One of the most touching scenes in Quran is the dialogue that took place between Prophet Nooh, may Allah exalt his mention, and his disbelieving son. Here is a Prophet of Allah trying eagerly to call his son to the path of light and safety. Despite the fact that his son was an adamant disbeliever, Nooh, may Allah exalt his mention, chose the kindest of words and used the most compassionate expressions to persuade his son.

Allah the Almighty says (what means): "Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity." [Quran 60:8] So long as they do not stand as a barrier between us and our religion, we are obligated to fulfill all the rights they have on us. We must not become someone's excuse for not wanting to become Muslim.

Between Islam and the family: Which should I Choose?

This is a question everyone with non-Muslim relatives wishes to never encounter. It represents one of those times we call the moment of truth and the most difficult of tests.

Kindness to non-Muslim parents does not depend on what religion they follow. We are supposed to be kind to them. It is true that such kindness may help win them over to Islam. This is, however, not the only reason. The parent-child relationship transcends matters of personal inclinations, desires, habits, creeds and faith. It is well known that a parent tries hard to overcome his prejudice against something if he feels that his son or daughter likes it. Islam does not like to stir trouble in every family where the parents are not Muslims. It recognizes that the parent-child tie need not be broken on account of faith. It, therefore, instructs its followers to be kind to their non-Muslim parents.

Only when such parents try to persuade their Muslim child to turn away from Islam does Allah command us not to listen to them or obey them. Allah states in the Quran (what means): “We have enjoined upon man goodness toward his parents: his mother bore him by bearing strain upon strain, and his weaning is within two years. Be grateful toward Me and toward your parents, with Me all journeys end. Yet should they (your parents) endeavor to make you ascribe divinity, side by side with Me to something of which you have no knowledge, then do not obey them. But even then bear them company with kindness in the life of this world and follow the path of those who turn toward me.” [Quran 31:14-15]

It is reported that these verses were revealed when the mother of Sa’d Ibn Abu Waqqas, may Allaah be pleased with him, who was a companion of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, was so upset when she learned that he had embraced Islam. She tried to persuade him to recant. Realizing that he was determined to follow the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, she tried to increase the pressure on him. She knew that he was a most dutiful child and he loved her dearly. She thought that if she brought hardship on herself, he would feel sorry for her and might listen to her. She swore that she would not taste any food or drink until he had left the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam .

The judgment in his case was given by Allah in the above quoted verses. Sa’d, may Allaah be pleased with him, did not listen to his mother and continued to be one of the best companions of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. He was later given the happy news by the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, that he was certain to be admitted into Paradise.

It is clear from his story and the verses revealed by Allah concerning it that when it comes to matters of faith, a non-Muslim parent may not be obeyed. That, however, does not mean to be unkind to such a parent as we mentioned before. We are still required to be kind to him or her, hoping always that they may recognize the truth of Islam.

There is absolutely no graver sin than shirk, (i.e. to associate partners with Allah) yet Allah the Almighty advised us to keep them company in this life and show them benevolence. This is the only time when we can say no to parents—but not walk out on them. Instead, we should be with them, support them in all kinds of ways when they need us, so long as they do not ask you to go against the teaching of Allah and his Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. This also goes for the rest of our non-Muslim kinfolk.

Remember what Yoosuf, may Allah exalt his mention, said as Allah informs us in the verse (which means): "Verily, he who fears Allah with obedience to him, and is patient, then surely, Allah makes not the reward of the Muhsinun (righteous) to be lost." [Quran 12:90]

We do good if we pray Allah to enlighten our non-Muslim parents and guide them to accept Islam. We cannot, however, pray Allah to forgive them. Allah forgives all sins with the exception of associating partners with him. All non-believers associate partners with Allah in one form or another. It is, therefore, futile to pray Him to forgive what he has told us He would not forgive. Moreover, it is an affront to Allah.

It may be hard for a Muslim person to be unable to pray for the forgiveness of his non-Muslim parents. Let us remember that the Prophet’s, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, own parents were non-Muslims. He asked Allah’s permission to pray Him to forgive his mother. His request was declined. We know that Allah granted every prayer the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, made either for himself or his companions or, indeed, Muslims generally. The fact that Allah did not permit the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, to pray for the forgiveness of his own mother suggests that this is not a trifling matter at all. It is indeed much more beneficial to one’s non-Muslim parents who are alive that he prays Allah to guide them to Islam.

 Rights of the kin in the light of Islam –I

Rights of the Kin in the Light of Islam –III 

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Mon, 06 Aug 2018 12:00:00 +0300
<![CDATA[Morals in the Life and Da‘wah of the Prophets - II]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=170829 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=170829

Adhering to Tawheed (Islamic monotheism) does not only apply to deeds but also to words. Some of the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, asked the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, to make a tree for them that was known as “Thaat Anwaat”  so that they could hang their weapons on it in order to seek its blessings as the disbelievers used to do. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, responded:“By Allah, you have said to me the same as the Children of Israel said to Moosa; they said:{O Moosa make for us a god just as they have gods}. [Ahmad and At-Tirmithi - Hasan Saheeh]  

The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was asked about soothsayers, and he said:They know nothing.” [Muslim] Even if soothsayers tell the truth once, they add to it a hundred lies.
 
The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, warned us many times about using graves as Masjids (mosques). Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And [He Revealed] that the masjids are for Allah, so do not invoke with Allah anyone.}[Quran 72:18] Therefore, it is the duty of all people to return in repentance to Allah The Almighty, submit themselves to Him, abandon any form of Shirk, Kufr (disbelief) or devoting any acts of worship to anything other than Allah and to believe in Him Alone. People must also know that Tawheed comes first, as one must give precedence to what is most important, whether in matters concerning seeking knowledge, work or Da‘wah.
 
The claims that the disbelievers, polytheists and philosophers have set the measures and foundations for good morals and that they have good manners is vain, as what is bred in the bone will come out in the flesh. Also, those disbelievers and polytheists will only benefit from their good deeds in this worldly life, but in the Hereafter they would embody the verse (what means):
·       {And We will regard what they have done of deeds and make them as dust dispersed.}[Quran 25:23]
·       {But those who disbelieved - their deeds are like a mirage in a lowland which a thirsty one thinks is water until, when he comes to it, he finds it is nothing but finds Allah before Him, and He will pay him in full his due; and Allah is swift in account.} [Quran 24:39]
 
2- Adhering to Legislation: All ways are blocked except that of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and it is not permissible, or indeed possible, to become firmly established with good morals first, then try to interpret Islamic texts in a way that would suit these morals. Allah the Almighty Says (what means): {O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messenger, but fear Allah.} [Quran 49:1] In fact, we are required to derive our methodology, principles, and morals from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, without permitting ourselves or others to neglect any of the Sharee’ah texts. In this regard, we have to follow the example of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, where we have many proofs. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, saw a man walking during pilgrimage supported by two men, so he asked about him. The people informed him that he had vowed to go on foot to perform pilgrimage. He said:“Allah is not in need of this old man's torturing himself.” Then he told the people: “Order him to ride.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
 
Also, when the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, saw Abu Israel, may Allah be pleased with him, standing in the sun and not speaking, he asked the people about him. They said, “He has vowed that on this day he will keep standing, remain in the sun and keep silent.”'The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:“Let him end his fast, speak, come in the shade and sit down.” [Al-Bukhari] Sitting in the sun is a burden that does not bring the person closer to Allah the Almighty, and abstaining from speaking is how the previous nations used to fast, which is not a part of our Sharee‘ah. The proof of this is what the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The one who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment should say something good or remain silent.” 
Further proof is that when the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, knew that ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, was fasting during the daytime and performing voluntary prayers throughout the night, which made him neglect the rights of his wife, he said to him:“Fast like my brother, Daawood, [Prophet David, may Allah exalt his mention], who would fast every other day and never fled from his enemies.”[Muslim] It was also narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Your Lord has a right over you, and your wife has a right over you, so give each one his right.” [Al-Bukhari]
 
Thus, a person must be just, moderate and careful regarding the different benefits in life and should maintain a good balance between them, without excessiveness or negligence. One must also take the requirements of the body and soul into consideration, without aloofness or committing excess, and should have a comprehensive view of giving every person his due right.
 
Another example is when three men went to the houses of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, asking about his acts of worship. When they were informed about it, it seemed as if they thought it was insufficient. Therefore, they said, “How can we compare ourselves to the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, when his past and future sins have been forgiven.”Thereupon, one of them said, “I will offer voluntary prayers throughout the night and never sleep.”Another said, “I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast.”The third said,“I will keep away from women and will never marry.” When the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was told about them, he mounted the pulpit and gathered the people, then he said:“Why are some people saying such and such? I am the most knowledgeable and most fearful of Allah among you, yet I fast and break my fast, I offer voluntary night prayers and I sleep, and I marry women. Therefore, the one who does not follow my Sunnah, is not of my Ummah.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
 
The path that leads to Allah the Almighty and the Gardens of Pleasure is the way of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, that should not be exceeded. This way should be followed without innovations as the most perfect human is the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and his Sunnah is the praised way that was followed by his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them. The Sunnah is every thing that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, did, said or approved of. It also includes any characteristic that was intended as a means of legislation for the Ummah. The one who turns away from the Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, should be told as the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The one who refrains from my Sunnah, is not of my Ummah.” The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, would say: “If someone innovates something that is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is rejected.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] It was narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Every innovation is deviation, and every deviation is in Hell.”
 
According to Ash-Shaatibi, may Allah have mercy upon him, an innovation is an invented way in the religion that is falsely attributed to the Sharee‘ah, even though it is done with the intention of worshipping Allah The Almighty. Innovations are more preferable to Iblees (Satan) than sins, and the one who does them is among those to whom the evil of their deeds has been made attractive, so he considers them good. ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, would say, “Every innovation is a deviation, even if people consider it to be good.” Ibn Mas‘ood, may Allah be pleased with him, would say, “Follow and do not innovate as you have what suffices you. Adhere to the way of the early generations [the Companions of the Prophet].”
 
 
The Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, followed this clear methodology and did not allow any one to ruin Tawheed or Legislation. ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, for instance, would kiss the Black Stone, and say, “By Allah, I know that you are just a stone that can neither harm nor benefit, and I would have never kissed you if I had not seen the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, kissing you.” ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, dismissed all the people from the mosque who would tell imaginary and unreal stories under the pretext of reminding the people and softening their hearts. Also, when Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, heard a man saying after sneezing, “Praise be to Allah and peace and blessing be upon the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam,” he told him, “This is not what the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, taught us. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:‘When anyone of you sneezes, he should praise Allah’,but he did not mention that we should ask for blessings upon him.”
 
When Ibn Mas‘ood, may Allah be pleased with him, entered the mosque of Al-Koofah, he saw groups of people sitting in circles and in the middle of each circle there was a pile of stones and a man standing by each group ordering them to exalt Allah The Almighty a hundred times, then to praise Him a hundred times, and then to glorify Him a hundred times, and the people responded. Ibn Mas‘ood, may Allah be pleased with him, said to them, “O people! By Allah you are either more guided than the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, or you are approaching a deviation!” They said, “O Abu ‘Abdur-Rahmaan! We only meant to do good deeds. He said, “There are many who want to do good deeds but never do [as they do not follow the Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam].” [Ad-Daarimi]
 
Any addition or deletion in acts of worship or behavior that is done with the intention of drawing closer to Allah The Almighty, is a rejected innovation even if the intention was good as long as this act does not coincide with the Sharee‘ah of Allah The Almighty.

Morals in the Life and Da‘wah of the Prophets - I

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Sat, 04 Aug 2018 17:00:00 +0300
<![CDATA[Importance of Knowing the Narrators of Hadeeth]]> http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=135690 http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&lang=E&id=135690

The narrators of Hadeeth are the most honourable and respectable Muslims, as they are keepers and preservers of Sunnah. Most of them are the companions of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, who witnessed the acts and learnt the sayings of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. Others are the successors of the companions. Who were blessed by Allah and they are highly respected by all Muslims. They are shinning stars of Islam.

Their hearts were free from worldly desires. Reading their biographies will increase love and devotion towards them and develop more interest to be faithful and obedient in the heart of the Muslim who reads their biography.

Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Verily, We have sent down the Reminder, and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)." [Quran; 15:9] The above promise made by Allah is obviously fulfilled in the undisputed purity of the Quranic text throughout the fourteen centuries since its revelation.

However, what is often forgotten by many Muslims is that the above divine promise also includes, by necessity, the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, for it is the practical example of the implementation of the Quranic guidance, the Wisdom taught to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, along with the Scripture, and neither the Quran nor the Sunnah can be understood correctly without recourse to the other.

Allah preserved the Sunnah by enabling the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, and their followers, may Allah have mercy on them, to memorize, write down and pass on the statements of the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and the descriptions of his way, as well as to continue the blessings of practicing the Sunnah. Later, as the purity of the knowledge of the Sunnah became threatened, Allah caused the Muslim nation to produce outstanding individuals of incredible memory-skills and analytical expertise, who journeyed tirelessly to collect hundreds of thousands of narrations and distinguish the true words of precious wisdom of their Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, from those corrupted by weak memories, from forgeries by unscrupulous liars, and from the statements of the enormous number of scholars, the Companions and those who followed their way, who had taught in various centers of learning and helped to transmit the legacy of Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam - all of this achieved through precise attention to the words narrated and detailed familiarity with the biographies of the thousands of reporters of Hadeeth. Action being the best way to preserve teachings, the scholars of Islam also revived the practice of the blessed authentic Sunnah.

Unfortunately, however, statements will continue to be attributed to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, although the person quoting them may have no idea what the people of knowledge in the field of Hadeeth science have ruled regarding those hadeeths, thus ironically being in danger of contravening the Prophet's, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, widely-narrated stern warnings about attributing incorrect/unsound statements to him.

The methodology of the expert scholars of Hadeeth in assessing narrations and sorting out the genuine from the mistaken, fabricated etc., forms the subject-matter of a wealth of material left to us by the scholars of Hadeeth (traditionists).

A Hadeeth is composed of two parts: the Matn (text) and the Isnaad (chain of reporters). A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but it needs an authentic Isnaad with reliable reporters to be acceptable. 'Abdullaah Ibn Al-Mubaarak may Allah have mercy upon him (d. 181 AH), one of the illustrious teachers of Imaam Al-Bukhari may Allah have mercy upon him, said: "The Isnaad is part of the religion, had it not been for the Isnaad, then people would have claimed whatever they wished."

Among the sciences of Hadeeth is the study of the chain of reporters (the Isnaad). Many Muslim scholars have specialized in this field. It includes identifying the name of each and every narrator (reporter), his character (his truthfulness, piety, public behavior), his ability and reputation as a memorizer and the types of narrations he is known to report, whether authentic, weak, fabricated, etc. In addition, each narrator should be identified by a rating given by other narrators who knew him. So all of these and many other details must be considered to know the degree to which a Hadeeth may be used as a basis for Islamic belief or practice (Sharee’ah), or merely as a point of interest (not to be attributed to the sayings, etc. of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam).

After the Book of Allah (The Quran), the books of Hadeeth collection that were collected by Imaams Bukhari and Muslim, may Allah have mercy upon them, are considered by the Muslim scholars to be the most authentic books of Hadeeth. However, there are other famous scholars in the field who compiled books of Hadeeth such as; Abu Daawood (d.275), At-Tirmithi (d. 279), An-Nasaa’i (d. 303) and others may Allah have mercy upon them. 

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Wed, 01 Aug 2018 16:00:00 +0300