Conditions for one who throws pebbles for himself and on behalf of another

Monday 30/09/2013
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Question

If someone wants to throw the three stones for himself and on behalf of another, should he start by throwing the three stones for himself and then go back to throw them on behalf of the one who authorized him; or in the place of every stone: throw one for himself and another on behalf of the one who authorized him? Please advise, may Allah reward you.

Fatwa

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His Slave and Messenger.

The majority of scholars set the condition that the proxy should start to throw for himself first and then throw for the one who authorized him, but they differed after that on the following:

Is it a condition that he throws the three pebbles for himself first and then goes back to throw them on behalf of the principal, or does it avail him to throw the first pebble for himself and then for the principal and then repeat the process with the second and the third?

We give preponderance to the second opinion. It is the opinion adopted by the Maaliki school of jurisprudence and one of the two opinions of the Shaafi‘is.

It is given preponderance because of two matters:

First: those who adopted the first opinion prohibited throwing on behalf of the principal because if one throws a pebble on behalf of another without having thrown for himself, then the throwing is regarded as for himself, not for the one who authorized him. However, this does not apply to the opinion we chose because he will throw – on behalf of the principal – a pebble which he has already thrown for himself.

Second: this is easier due to the intense crowding at the throwing of the pebbles. Allah Almighty says (what means): {He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty.} [Quran 22: 78]

Allah Knows best.

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