Da‘wah, an individual and communal obligation
Fatwa No: 29987


What is the ruling of Islam concerning Da'wah?


All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and messenger.


Allaah Says (what means): {And let there be [arising] from you a nation inviting to [all that is] good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those will be the successful.}[Quran 3:104]

The scholars of Tafseer  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them have different opinions in their commentary on this verse.

The predominant opinion is that Da’wah is an obligation upon each and every person in addition to being a communal obligation. Ibn Katheer  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him clarified in his commentary on the previously-mentioned verse [Quran 3:104] that there must be a group of Muslims specified for undertaking the responsibility of performing Da‘wah. He added, however, that Da’wah remains an obligation on every Muslim individual, each according to his own ability and knowledge. This is supported by the Hadeeth on the authority of Abu Hurayrah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him where the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, ordered the one who sees an evil to change it physically with his hand if he was able to do so. If he could not, he should change it by his tongue (by advising and/or condemning), and finally by (detesting it with) his heart, and he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) informed that this is the weakest level of faith. [Muslim]

Allaah Knows best.

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