Quran verses indicate that earth was created before heavens
Fatwa No: 302260

Question

AslamualakaumSheikh this is a problem for me that i would like you to clarify.Please dont send me the fatwa about what was created first the heaven or the Earth becuse although my question is to do with that matter, that is not my question.We know the Earth was created first from the Quran, then the heaven, but there are stars or planets in the heaven that the older than the Earth, So how do we relate the two.Jazkullah kayir

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The earth was created before the heaven as the verses in Soorah Fussilat [Quran 41] indicate. As regards the sequence of the creation of the earth and the stellar bodies, there is no explicit text about it, but several texts provide that the stars and planets were added to the heaven and that they beautify it, as in the following verses:

- {And We have certainly beautified the nearest heaven with stars.} [Quran 67:5]

- {Indeed, We have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment of stars.} [Quran 37:6]

- {And He completed them as seven heavens within two days and inspired in each heaven its command. And We adorned the nearest heaven with lamps and as protection. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.} [Quran 41:12]

Ibn Katheer  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him stated this in Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah, saying:

All the stellar bodies are in the lowest heaven, and some of them may be above the others, and evidence about this can be found in the words of Allaah…” [End of quote] and he mentioned the above verses.

This means that the stars and planets were created with the heaven (i.e. when the heavens were created) or later, so the earth would be older than those planets. However, there is no way to decisively assert this or otherwise.

Allaah Knows best.

Related Fatwa