Fasting and prayer

16-9-2002 | IslamWeb

Question:

I have a question regarding 'fasting'. When we strive for some work, we ask Allah for it. We will pray 2,4,6 (as wished) Raka'h Nafl for that work. Is this permissible for us to do the same for 'fasting'? Is this act permissible for an important task on a particular day if we fast so thatAllah will grant us success?

Answer:

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

According the four schools of Fiqh, it is desirable to perform Salat-ul-Hajah (the prayer of need).
Ibn Abu Aufa (Radiya Allahu Anhu) relates that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "Whoever needs something from Allah or a human being, should perform Wudu well and then perform two Raka'hs of prayers. Then, he should thank Allah, The Exalted, and seek Allah's blessing for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and say: 'There is no God but Allah, The Clement, The Generous, Glory be Allah, The Lord of The Great Throne, Praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Universe. O Allah! I ask you to bestow your Mercy on me, to protect me from every sin, to give me a share of every good and to grant safety from every misdeed. O Allah! Leave not for us a sin which You have not forgiven, nor a care which You have not removed, nor a need the fulfillment of which is pleasing to You which You have not fulfilled. O The Most Merciful of those who show mercy" .
Here, we state that Muslim scholars like to do according the above-mentioned Hadith although it is weak.
Salat-ul-Hajah consists of two Raka'hs of prayer according to al-Malikiya, al-Shafi'eyah, al-Hanabilah and an opinion among Hanafiyah. The Hanafiyah say this prayer is of four Raka'hs. And whoever likes to do other good actions that bring him nearer to Allah, The Exalted, he can perform fasting and give money as a charity and so on.
This, Insha Allah, will lead to satisfy one's need but he should not think that such actions as confirmed Sunnah or as an essential part of Sahri'ah.
Allah knows best.

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