Hadith about wine

23-9-2003 | IslamWeb

Question:

Hadith - al-Tirmizi 3643, narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar; Abdullah Ibn Amr
Allah's Messenger said, "If anyone drinks wine Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he repeats the offence Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he again repeats the offence Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he repeats it a fourth time Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, and if he repents Allah will not forgive him, but will give him to drink of the river of the fluid flowing from the inhabitants of Hell." [Tirmizi transmitted it, and Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and Darimi transmitted it on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Amr]. Is this Hadith Saheeh?

Answer:

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions. The Hadith reported on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar is narrated by Imams Ahmad , al-Tirmizi , al-Nasaie , Ibn Majah , Abu Ya'la and others. The text of the Hadith in Sunan al-Tirmizi is as following. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: If anyone drinks wine Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he repeats the offence Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he again repeats the offence Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, but if he repents Allah will forgive him. If he repeats it a fourth time Allah will not accept prayer from him for forty days, and if he repents Allah will not forgive him, but will give him to drink of the river of the fluid flowing from the inhabitants of Hell. Imam al-Tirmizi graded it as Hasan, al-Hakim graded it as Saheeh (sound). Ibn Hajar said in his book 'al-Musaddad' ' al-Munziri accepted the ruling given by al-Hakim . There is a similar Hadith to the above Hadith from Abu Zar in Musnad Imam Ahmad' . The Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) saying if he repents Allah will not forgive him is only to give a severe warning and strong threat to prevent one from committing such a dreadful act; otherwise, Allah will accept his repentance as reported in a Hadith that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: He who asks pardon (seeking forgiveness) is not considered an insistent on a sin, even if he returns to his sin seventy times a day . [ Abu Dawood and al-Tirmizi ] As for the Hadith that reads that the one who drinks a forth time or a fifth time should be killed is an abrogated and fabricated one. Imam al-Nawawi wrote in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim . Muslim scholars are agreed that the Hadd (punishment) should be carried out against the one who drinks alcohol regardless of its quantity. They also agree that a person is not killed even if he repeatedly drinks it. This consensus is also reported by al-Tirmizi , Qadi Ayadh and many other many scholars. The exceptional opinion that approves killing the one who drinks a fifth time is not correct and contrary to the agreement of Sahabah and their followers . Allah knows best.

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