Ramadan, Ramadhaan, Fasting Islamweb
 1 Ramadan - The French army reached Al-Mansoorah (in Egypt) after conquering Dumyat - 647 A.H. - The death of Avicenna (Ibn Seena), the Muslim physician and philosopher who was the first to write on medicine in the Islamic World - 428 A.H. - Al-Qarawiyyeen Mosque was built in Fes (Morocco) - 245 A.H.     
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Safar 24, 1441
Open a bright new page with Allah Open a new page with Allah The Almighty by knowing Him, drawing closer to Him, and returning to Him. Open a new page with the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, by adhering to his Sunnah (Proph...

More

First of all, have you ever been alone and checked and weighed what you have said or done previously? Have you ever tried to list your bad deeds in the same way as you think of your good deeds? Have you ever thought how you will be held accountable b...

More

Adhering to the habit of reciting the Athkaar (remembrance) prescribed by the Sharee’ah (Islamic legislation) before going to sleep: These Athkaar are like a fortress which protects a person from the devil, by the permission of Allah The Almig...

More

1- Revising the Quran: The month of Ramadan is a chance for those who have forgetten the portions of the Quran they had once memorized to revise them during the night and day through offering voluntary night prayers, and reciting it while refl...

More

The timing of Qiyaam The time for praying Qiyaam is from after ‘Ishaa’ until Fajr, because the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: “Allah has added one more prayer for you, which is Witr, so pray it between the Ishaa&rsquo...

More

Islamweb Broadcasting

Join us to live spiritual events moment by moment...

Taraweeh Prayer:

From Makkah
From Qatar

Prayer Times

Find out the prayer times in your city. Simply type its name in the box.
RAMADAN 1440 > Women >

Iítikaaf for Women

‘Aa’ishah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her narrated that the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) mentioned that he would observe I’tikaaf (seclusion in mosque for worship) in the last ten days of Ramadan. So, she sought his consent to perform it as well and he permitted her; then, Hafsah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her requested her to ask the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) for permission on her behalf, which she did. Then, when Zaynab bint Jahsh  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her saw that, she ordered a tent be pitched for her and it was put up.

The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to proceed to his tent after the [morning] prayer; when he saw the erected tents, he inquired as to what they were for and was told that they belonged to ‘Aa’ishah, Hafsah and Zaynab  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them. So, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) remarked: “Is it righteousness which they intended by doing so? I am not going to perform I’tikaaf.” He then returned home and when the month of fasting was over, he performed I’tikaaf for ten days in the month of Shawwaal. [Al-Bukhari]

Another version, reported by Muslim, reads: “Whenever the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) intended to observe I’tikaaf, he would offer the dawn prayer and then enter his place of seclusion. Once, he planned to perform it in the last ten days of Ramadan, so, he ordered that his tent be pitched. Then, Zaynab  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her instructed that a tent be erected for her, [too]. Thereafter, some of the wives of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) also ordered that tents be set up for them. When the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) offered the dawn prayer, he looked and noticed the tents of his wives. Thereupon, he asked: ‘Do you intend to do righteousness?’ He directed that his tent be brought down and he did not observe I’tikaaf in Ramadan [that year], and instead did so in the first ten days of Shawwaal." [Muslim]

Benefits and rulings [derived from these Ahadeeth]

First: It is permissible for women to seclude themselves in the mosque for worship, if there are no chances of temptation.

Second: A woman should not do I’tikaaf without permission from her husband. There is a consensus [among scholars] on this point. If she does observe I’tikaaf without his consent, he has the right to take her out of the mosque. Furthermore, even if he has initially allowed his wife to do it, and then it occurs to him that he should prevent her due to a beneficial reason, he may do so.

Third: It is permissible to interrupt the I’tikaaf after starting it, if there is a need for it.

Fourth: I’tikaaf is not allowed except inside the mosque; were it to be valid anywhere else, it would have firstly been permitted for women to observe it in their prayer area at home.

Fifth: It is valid in the Sharee‘ah (Islamic jurisprudence) for a husband to discipline his wives and members of his household when he deems it necessary. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) prevented his wives  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them from doing I’tikaaf, even after he had permitted [some of] them to; his fear was that they might boast about it or compete with each other only out of jealousy.

Sixth: The Sharee‘ah has allowed making up for a missed supererogatory act of worship.

Seventh: Excessive jealousy is blameworthy and leads to bad consequences, because it stems from envy.

Eighth: It is permissible to quit a superior deed if that serves a benefit.

Ninth: An intention to observe I’tikaaf does not render it obligatory.

Tenth: One performing I’tikaaf may select a spot in the mosque for himself, so long as there is still sufficient room for others. He should choose a corner at the end of the mosque, in order to leave enough space and to be in proper seclusion.

Eleventh: The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was good-mannered and kind to his wives; when he prevented them from I’tikaaf, for fear that they might fall into ostentation, he himself quit it, although he had the right to disallow them and proceed with his own I’tikaaf without them, if he so liked. However, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) left it in order to console them and maintain good relations with them. This is how a Muslim should treat his family; even when he disciplines them, he should not exceed it to the level of retribution.

Twelfth: If the woman performing I’tikaaf menstruates, she should cease her seclusion; once her menses is over, she can resume it, based on what she previously completed.

Thirteenth: If one intends to do an act of worship but has not commenced it yet, he may decide against doing it or postpone it to a later time.

Fourteenth: If it is known that somebody is doing an act of worship to show off, he may be halted and hindered from doing it, as attested to by the statement of the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ): “Is it [truly] righteousness that you intend?” He meant that they had aimed only to impress him and endear themselves to him. For this reason, he interrupted what they intended and delayed the act of worship he had planned to do himself.

Fifteenth: It is favorable for one to withdraw from the people, family and anyone else during I’tikaaf, except when unavoidable, such as when gathering for prayer, a meal or any other necessity.

Sixteenth: The Sharee‘ah dictates that I’tikaaf may be performed in Ramadan – this is the guidance and Sunnah of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). However, it is permissible to do I’tikaaf at any other time, such as in Shawwaal, as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did, according to the aforementioned Hadeeth.

Seventeenth: I’tikaaf is to be done in rooms inside the mosque and whose gates open inward, since such halls are considered part of the mosque. It would be invalid, though, if done in rooms that are located outside the mosque, even if its doors open toward it, as they are not regarded as a part of the mosque.

© 2019 ,  Islamweb.net , all rights reserved.