Ramadan, Ramadhaan, Fasting Islamweb
 1 Ramadan - The French army reached Al-Mansoorah (in Egypt) after conquering Dumyat - 647 A.H. - The death of Avicenna (Ibn Seena), the Muslim physician and philosopher who was the first to write on medicine in the Islamic World - 428 A.H. - Al-Qarawiyyeen Mosque was built in Fes (Morocco) - 245 A.H.     
Sunday, September 22, 2019
Muharram 23, 1441
(Continued) Tips that make self-reckoning easier There are some methods that would assist a person to call himself to account and make that process easier; they are as follows: 1. Knowing that the more effort he exerts in calling his so...

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Abu ‘Aasim An-Nabeel said, “Abu Haneefah, may Allah have mercy upon him, used to be called Al-Watad (pole or peg) because he prayed so much." Al-Qaasim ibn Ma’een said, “Abu Haneefah, may Allah have mercy upon him, spent ...

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Ramadan is the chance of a lifetime for a believing slave of Allah The Almighty. There are hundreds of opportunities in this month that can be utilized in an optimum manner so as to have the best result, such that a believer will be pleased to see i...

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It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Fasting is a shield (from Hell)." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Another narration by Ahmad, may Allah ...

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RAMADAN 1440 > 'Eed Al-Fitr >

Rulings of \'Eed Al-Fitr

1-   Prepare yourself for the 'Eed prayer by taking a bath and wearing your best clothes. Imaam Maalik  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him narrated in his Muwatta’ on the authority of Naafi'  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him that, “Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him used to bathe on the day of 'Eed Al-Fitr before heading to the prayer.”[Authentic chain of narrators]

Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “It was proven from Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him who was very keen to follow the Sunnah (Prophetic tradition), that he used to bathe before going out on the day of 'Eed.” [Zaad Al-Ma‘aad]
Ibn Hajar  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him also reported that Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him used to wear his best clothes on the two 'Eeds. [Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya and Al-Bayhaqi]
2-   It is a Sunnah (Prophetic tradition) for one to eat an odd number of dates (three, five, and so on), as Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him reported that “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did not go out on the morning of 'Eed Al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… of which he would eat an odd number.” [Al-Bukhari]
3-   Saying Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) loudly for men and silently for women from the time of leaving the house until reaching the place of 'Eed prayer is a Sunnah, as ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said, “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to go to the 'Eed prayers while saying Takbeer and Tahleel loudly.”[Saheeh (authentic) based on corroborating narrations]
Naafi'  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him also reported that Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him used to say Takbeer loudly until he reached the place of prayer, then he would continue making Takbeer until the Imaam came out and he would join him in making Takbeer.” [Ad-Daaraqutni with an authentic chain of narrators]
The wordings of Takbeer include what Ibn Abi Shaybah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated with an authentic chain of narrators that Ibn Mas’ood  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him used to recite Takbeer during the days of Tashreeq saying:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaaha illa-Allah, wa Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa Lillaah-il-hamd (Allah Is Most Great, Allah Is most Great, there is no god but Allah, Allah Is Most great, Allah Is most great, and to Allah be praise).
Note: The collective Takbeer (in one voice) is a religious innovation, as it was not reported from the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), or any one of his honorable Companions. The right way is to make Takbeer individually.
4-   Going to the prayer on foot is a Sunnah, as ‘Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said, “It is Sunnah to go out to the 'Eed (prayer) walking.” [At-Tirmithi and it is classified as Hasan due to the supporting narrations]
5-   It is a Sunnah for one to go to the 'Eed prayer using one route and then come back via another one, as Jaabir  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him  reported, “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to vary his route on the day of 'Eed. He would go by one route and come back by another.”[Al-Bukhari]
6-   'Eed prayer is performed after sunrise without ’Athaan (call for prayer) or Iqaamah (second call to prayer) and it consists of two Rak‘ahs (units of prayer), with Takbeer recited seven times in the first Rak’ah before reciting Quran, and five times in the second Rak’ah before reciting Quran. It is also a Sunnah for the Imaam to recite loudly after Al-Faatihah the Chapter Al-A‘la in the first Rak‘ah and the Chapter Al-Ghaashiyah in the second Rak‘ah or recite the Chapter Qaaf in the first Rak‘ah and the Chapter Al-Qamar in the second Rak‘ah. The prayer precedes the Khutbah and it is a confirmed Sunnah for women to attend the 'Eed prayer.
7-    Following are the evidences for these acts of the Sunnah:
a-   ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to recite Takbeer seven times in the first Rak’ah of the two 'Eeds of Al-Fitr and Al-Adh-ha, and five times in the second Rak‘ah.” [Abu Daawood with a good chain of narrators and it has many supporting narrations]
b-   An-Nu‘maan ibn Basheer  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said, The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to recite in the Friday prayer and the two 'Eed prayers “Sabbih isma rabbika Al-A’la” (Chapter Al-A’laa) and “Hal ataaka hadeeth al-Ghaashiyah” (Chapter Al-Ghaashiyah).”
c-   Abu Waaqid Al-Laythi, was asked, “What did the Prophet, sallallaahu ‎‎‘alayhi wa sallam, usually recite in Al-Fitr and Al-Adh-ha prayers?” He ‎answered, “The two Chapters Qaaf and Al-Qamar.”[Muslim]
d-   Umm ‘Atiyyah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her said, “The ‎Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ‎commanded us to bring out the virgins, adolescent girls ‎ and menstruating women on the two ‎‎'Eeds of Al-Fitr and Al-Adh-ha, but the menstruating women ‎were to keep away from the place of prayer and witness the ‎gathering of the Muslims.‎” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
e-   Ibn ‘Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him reported, “I witnessed Al-Fitr prayer with the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthmaan, and all of them observed this prayer before the Khutbah.”[Muslim]
f-    Jaabir ibn Samurah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said, ‎‎“I prayed with the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‎‎‘alayhi wa sallam, prayers of the two 'Eeds more than ‎once or twice without there being ’Athaan (call for ‎prayer) or Iqaamah.”[Muslim]‎
8-   If the 'Eed occurs on a Friday, it becomes optional for whoever performs the 'Eed prayer ‎to attend the Friday Prayer, as the Prophet, sallallaahu ‎‎‘alayhi wa sallam, said on such occurrence: “Two 'Eeds ‎have coincided on this day of yours; thus, whoever ‎wishes is exempted from attending the (Friday) Prayer. Yet, we ‎shall hold it.” [Ibn Maajah on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him with a good chain of narrators]
9-   If people do not know that a particular day is the 'Eed day before noon, all of them should perform the 'Eed prayer the next morning. ‘Umayr ibn Anas  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him reported on the authority of some of his paternal uncles who were Companions of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) that Some men came riding to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and testified that they had sighted the new moon the previous day. He, therefore, commanded the people to break the fast and to go out to their place of prayer the morning after.”[Authors of the Sunan (Al-Bayhaqi, An-Nawawi, Ibn Hajar and others : Saheeh)]
10-               There is no harm in exchanging 'Eed greetings such as “Taqabbal Allahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and you)”.
Ibn At-Turkumaani  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “There is a good Hadeeth on this issue. Muhammad ibn Ziyaad said, "I was with Abu Umaamah Al-Baahili  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him and some other Companions of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). When they returned (from the 'Eed prayer), they said to each other, 'Taqabbal Allahu minna wa mink.”Ahmad ibn Hanbal  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him judged its Isnaad as good.” [Al-Jawhar An-Naqi, 3/320]
11-               'Eed is a day of happiness and joy. Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him reported, ‎“When the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ‎came to Madeenah, they had two days when they would amuse themselves. He said: “What are these two days?” They said, “We ‎used to amuse ourselves on these days during the Jaahiliyyah.” The ‎Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Allah has ‎given you instead of them two days that are better than them: ‎the day of Al-Adh-ha and the day of Al-Fitr.” [Ahmad with authentic chain of narrators]
12-               Dear brother, you should beware of committing any religious violation that people usually commit on such occasions such as letting garments hang below the ankle (Isbaal), shaving the beard, listening to singing, engaging in prohibited looks, illegal exposure of women’s adornment and their intermixing with men.
Dear father, never take your family to the places of entertainment where there is unlawful intermixing between men and women. The same applies to beaches and parks where religious violations are common and public.

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