|Letters at the Beginning of Surahs|
Notice that the letters at the beginning of Surahs are recited by the individual letter name not by pronunciation.
If one of these letters has the Madd sign [ ~ ], it should be lengthened by six counts [Harakah]. This rule fits all the letters at the beginning of Qur"an surahs except the letter [ ع ], which should be lengthened by four counts [Harakah] only.
Listen to the example to know how these letters are recited.