Iqlab [Alteration]

If a Sakin [ ن ] or Tanwin comes before [ ب ], the Sakin [ ن ] or Tanwin is pronounced as a Sakin [ م ] with a Ghunnah [nasal twang].

Notice that a small [ م ] is written over [ ن ] and Tanwin in this case.

This substitution is referred to as Iqlab [Alteration] that technically means substituting one letter for another.

Listen to the examples to see how this substitution takes place.

Instructor’s explanation