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The Wisdom of the Prophet in Reforming the Hearts II

Saturday 27/03/2010

4 -     Wise Nurturing:

 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would to take care of his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, by educating them and refining their souls. He would  encourage  them to acquire high moral standards and habituate them to the manners of amiability, brotherhood,     pride and honor. Moreover, he taught them how to be true worshipers and obedient servants to Allah The Almighty. The following are some of these teachings in  this regard
-He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would say: “O people, profuse greetings of peace [i.e., say: As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum to one another], feed people     and pray at night while people are asleep, and you will enter paradise in peace.”[At-Tirmithi]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “He will        not enterParadise whose neighbor is not secure from his evil.”[Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: A Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), also said: None of you is a [true] believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.”[Al-Bukhari]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: A believer to a believer is like a building whose different parts reinforce each other.”         
Then he illustrated this by interlacing the fingers of both his hands.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: Do not envy one another; do not inflate prices by overbidding against one another; do not  hate one another; do not harbor malice against one another; and do not enter into a commercial transaction when others have entered into that [transaction]; rather, be fellow brothers and slaves of Allah The Almighty. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim; he should not oppress him nor look  down upon him, nor let him down nor humiliate him. Piety is here, [and he pointed to his chest three times]. It is enough evil for a person to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his brother Muslim: his life, his property and his honor".[Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: It is not lawful for a Muslim to desert [stop talking to] his brother beyond three nights, and when they meet one of them turns his face away and the other [also] turns away [from the former]. The better of the two is one who is the first to greet the other.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: The gates of Paradise are opened on Mondays and Thursdays, and then every slave [of Allah] is granted forgiveness if he does not associate anything with Allah in worship. However, the person in whose heart there is rancor against his [Muslim] brother will not be pardoned, and with regard to these, it will be said twice, ‘Reprieve those two until they are reconciled with each other.’ [i.e., Allah will not forgive them until they reconcile.]”[Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “People's deeds are presented before Allah on Thursdays and Mondays, and then every slave [of Allah] is granted forgiveness if he does not associate anything with Allah The Almighty in worship. However, the person in whose heart there is rancor against his brother will not be pardoned. With  regard to these, it is said twice: ‘Leave these two until they reconcile’.”'[Muslim]
- He Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: Support your brother, whether he is an oppressor or is oppressed.”A man enquired,“O Messenger of    Allah! [I will] support him when he is oppressed, but    how can I support him when he is an oppressor?”He, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said:You can keep him or prevent him from committing oppression. That is you support him.”[Al-Bukhari, Muslim and Ahmad]
-      He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: There are sixrights of a Muslim upon another Muslim: When you meethim, greet him; when he invites you, accept [his invitation]; when he seeks counsel, give him advice; when he sneezes and praises Allah [i.e. says ‘Al-Hamdulillaah’], say to him, ‘May Allah have mercy upon you [Yarhamuk-Allah]’; when he is sick, visit him; and when he dies, follow him [i.e. his funeral procession].” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
-      Al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib, said, “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ordered us to do seven things and forbade us from seven: He ordered usto visit the sick, to follow funeral processions, [to say] to a sneezer, ‘May Allah bestow HisMercy upon you’, if he says, ‘Praise be to Allah’ [after sneezing], to accept invitations, to spread greetings of peace, tosupport the oppressed    and to help others to fulfill their oaths. He forbade us      from wearing goldrings, to drink in silver [utensils],    to use Mayaather [silk cushions stuffed with cotton placed on saddles], towear Al-Qissiyy [linen clothes containing silk brought from an Egyptian town], to wear silk, Dibaaj or Istabraq [two types of silk].”[Al-Bukhari]
-The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you   shall not believe until you love one another. Shall I inform you of something, which if you do, you will love each other? Greet each other with peace often [i.e saying As-salaamu ‘alaykum to one another].” [Muslim]
-A man asked the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), “Which [act in] Islam is the best?” He replied: “To feed [the poor and the needy] and to greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know.”  [Al-Bukhari]
- The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion    and sympathy are just like one body: when one of the limbs aches, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
- He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: Whoever does not show mercy, will not receive mercy.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
-‎He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: Whoever is not merciful to people, Allah The Almighty will not be merciful to him.”[Muslim]
-‎He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said, Insulting a Muslim is Fusooq [an evildoing] and killing him is Kufr [disbelief].” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Whether the Ansaar, may Allah be pleased with them, heard these texts directly from the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), or from the Muhaajiroon, may Allah be pleased with them, who reported them from the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), all this educated the honorable Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, and those to whom these texts reached, until the Day of judgment.
 
Furthermore, there are other texts that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would educate his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, with. He would encourage them to give in charity referring to its virtues and its great reward in such a way that they would aspire to do so. He also would urge them to refrain from asking others, reminding them of the virtue of patience and satisfaction. He also would encourage them to do acts of worship, given its virtues and great rewards. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), attached his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, to the divine revelation through his recitation of the Quran and their own recitation, so that they know what they must do to serve the Da‘wah (call); not to mention the necessity of understanding and contemplation.
 
Hence, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), raised their morale and trained them to acquire the noblest virtues until they became an image of the highest possible level of human perfection.
 
Through these teachings, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), managed to build the noblest and most marvelous society known in history. He also succeeded in providing solutions for the problems of this society after it had been living in the darkness of ignorance and myths. Thus, this society turned into a model society in terms of every aspect of human perfection. This took place, praise be to Allah The Almighty in the first place, then thanks to the efforts of this wise Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). Hence, the Islamic callers should follow him and his guidance.
 
5 -     The covenant of the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar, and making  peace with the Jews:
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), concluded brotherhood between the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar, then  he made a pact that removed all the tribal disputes and hatred of the pre-Islamic era leaving no room for its     traditions. This pact included a covenant for the Muhaajiron  and the Ansaar as well as a peace treaty with the Jews in Madeenah. This was among the most important reformist efforts of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).
         
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), made an    agreement between the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar. In this  agreement, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), made peace with the Jews confirming their right to their property, and giving them rights and imposing duties upon them.
         
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), proved to be extraordinarily wise by concluding this precise covenant as he made an alliance between the Muslims and the Jews in Madeenah so that they became a single block in the face of whoever wanted to harm the people of Madeenah.
         
These five steps: building the mosque (Masjid), calling the Jews to Islam, educating and establishing bonds of     brotherhood between the believers in Madeenah, wise nurturing, and concluding the covenant is how the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi    wa sallam, with the favor of Allah The Almighty, managed to solve the deep-rooted conflict between the inhabitants of    Madeenah, remove all the traces of the past, and unite the  hearts of the Muslims and       enforce order inside Madeenah.
 
This order, in addition to the Islamic Da‘wah, then spread from Madeenah over the world. 

The Wisdom of the Prophet in Reforming the Hearts – I

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