Fatwa No : 311812
View of Ibn 'Abbaas on second prostration in Soorah Al-Hajj
Fatwa Date : Rabee' Al-Aakhir 16, 1437 / 26-1-2016
Assalaamu alaykum. The opinion of Ibn Abbaas is that there is no second prostration in Surah Al-Hajj. Could u give the above reference?
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn &699;Abbaas that the second prostration in Soorah Al-Hajj is prescribed as cited by Ibn Al-Munthir, Al-Haakim, Al-Bayhaqi, and Ibn Hajar .
It has also been narrated on the authority of Ibn &699;Abbaas that there is no second prostration in Soorah Al-Hajj. Ibn Al-Munthir reported on the authority of Ibn &699;Abbaas that he said, "There are two prostrations in Al-Hajj; the first is obligatory and the second is instructive (i.e. not obligatory since the verse contains a command to make both rukoo&699; (bowing) and sujood (prostrating), which implies the prayer in general according to the Quranic usage, and not prostration in particular)." [Al-Awsat]
Ibn Al-Munthir also said:
"Two different views have been narrated on the authority of Ibn &699;Abbaas in this regard. It has been reported that he said, 'The Hajj chapter was favored with two prostrations.' And it has also been reported that he said, 'In Soorah Al-Hajj, the first is obligatory and the second is instructive.' He (Ibn 'Abbaas) did not perform the prostration when reciting the second. It has been reported on his authority as well that he said, 'In Al-Hajj, there is one prostration...'" (Ibn Al-Munthir then cited the reports with their chains of narration and then added, "I adopt the first opinion.")
Al-Bayhaqi cited the two opinions on the authority of Ibn &699;Abbaas and declared the report suggesting that he did not perform the second prostration to be weak because the chain of narration of the relevant report contained &699;Abd Al-A&699;la Ath-Tha'labi, who was declared as a weak reporter. He put forward a possible interpretation of the report that does not negate that the second prostration is prescribed. He wrote:
"Ash-Shaafi&699;i wrote in Al-Mathhab Al-Qadeem (his early opinion), 'Some of our Companions narrated on the authority of &699;Aasim and Abu Al-&699;Aaliyah that Ibn &699;Abbaas used to perform two recitation prostrations when reading Al-Hajj chapter. However, this narration should not be rejected on the basis of the report narrated on the authority of &699;Abd Al-A&699;la Ath-Tha&699;labi and Sa&699;eed ibn Jubayr that says that Ibn &699;Abbaas said, 'There are two prostrations of recitation in Al-Hajj chapter; the first prostration is obligatory and the second is instructive.' This is because &699;Abd Al-A&699;la was declared a weak reporter by Hadeeth scholars. It may be instructive (i.e. intended as a reference to the prayer in general and not prostration in particular). It is possible also that the second prostration in Soorah Al-Hajj is instructive but that prostration is made when it is recited, just like that at the end of Soorah An-Najm and Soorah Al-&699;Alaq. This applies if the second report (narrated on the authority of &699;Abd Al-A&699;la Ath-Tha&699;labi) is proven correct to give more benefit.'" [Ma&699;rifat As-Sunan wa Al-Athaar 3/244]
Ibn Hajar wrote:
"It has been narrated on the authority of &699;Uqbah ibn &699;Aamir that he said, 'O Messenger of Allaah! Has not Soorah Al-Hajj been favored over the rest of the Quran with two prostrations?' He said, 'Yes, and whoever does not intend to prostrate when reading them, he should not read them, i.e. the two verses that contain them.' [Ahmad, Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithi, Ad-Daaraqutni, Al-Bayhaqi, and Al-Haakim] This wording was cited by At-Tirmithi. Its chain of narration contains Ibn Lahee&699;ah, who was classified by scholars as a weak reporter. Al-Haakim highlighted that Ibn Lahee&699;ah was the only reporter narrating that report, and this is asserted by the fact that the version was narrated on the authority of &699;Umar, Ibn &699;Umar, Ibn Mas&699;ood, Ibn &699;Abbaas, Abu Ad-Dardaa', Abu Moosa, and &699;Ammaar with authentic chains narration. He, then, cited it as a mawqoof report (stopped at the level of the Companion) and not attributed to the Prophet ..." [At-Talkhees]
Allaah knows best.