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Does Satan Have a Share in our Children?


Question:
    
Is it true that if a person does not say "Bismillah" before having intercourse with their spouse, then Satan shares with him in that?

Answer (by Shaikh Muhammad S. al-Munajjid):
    
With regard to the Satan having a share when one does not say "Bismillah" Allah says, "and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them. But Satan does not promise them except delusion." (17:64). Al-Qurtubi said, "Give yourself a share in that…"
    
The following are what some scholars said about the interpretation of the word children:
1. Regarding "children", it was said that this means the children of Zina (fornication, adultery). This was the view of Mujahid, al-Dhahhak and Abdullah Ibn Abbas.

2. It was also narrated that he said, "It refers to the children whom they killed and against whom they committed other crimes."

3. It was also narrated that he said, "This refers to when they call them by names such as Abdul-Harith, Abdul-Uzza (i.e., names meaning "slave of…" referring to their false gods)."

4. It was also said that this refers to their initiating their children into disbelief and this was the view of Qatadah.      

5. The fifth view was narrated from Mujahid who said, "If a man has intercourse and does not mention the name of Allah, the Jinn wraps himself around his penis and has intercourse along with him. This is what is referred to in the verse, "untouched before them by man or Jinn". (55:56) (Tafseer al Qurtubi)
    
Ibn Katheer said, "Share with them wealth and children (by tempting them to earn money by illegal ways, usury, or by committing illegal sexual intercourse."
    
"Children," al-Awfi said, narrating from Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and al-Dhahhak, "means the children of Zina (fornication, adultery). Ali ibn Abi Talhah said, narrating from Ibn Abbas, "This refers to their children whom they used to kill from folly, without knowledge. Qatadah said, narrating from al-Hasan al-Basri, "By Allah, he had a share with them in their children by making them non-Muslims, so that they followed a religion other than the religion of Allah and gave a share of their wealth to the Satan."
    
Ibn Jareer said, "The most correct view is that every child who is born of a woman concerning whom a sin is committed by giving him a name which Allah dislikes, or by initiating him into a religion other than that with which Allah is pleased, or by committing adultery with his mother, or by killing him, or by burying him or her alive, or other actions which involve sin and disobedience towards Allah, all come under the heading of the Satan having a share in that with the one to whom the child is born, because in the verse 'share with them wealth and children' Allah did not specify one meaning to the exclusion of any other. Every case where Allah is disobeyed and the Satan is obeyed is a form of his sharing in that.

Conclusion
   
The correct view of the meaning of this verse is that it should be interpreted in the ways mentioned above, for there is no contradiction between these meanings. Each of the scholars mentioned one aspect of its meanings, and there is no contradiction between them.

The basic principle in such a case is that the verse should be interpreted according to all its meanings. Ibn Taymiyyah said, "Most of the differences narrated from the Salaf (pious predecessors) in authentic reports have to do with variations, not contradictions.

Allah knows bes

Monday 03/03/2003

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