Baitul-Maqdis is Al-Aqsa mosque

  • Author: Fatwa no. 107138
  • Publish date:22/03/2010
  • Sections:FATWA FOR ALL
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Question:

I want to know the differences and the locations of Masjid Aqsa and Baitul Maqdis.
 
Fatwa:
 
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
 
Baytul-Maqdis is itself the Al-Aqsa mosque about which Allah Says (what means): {Exalted is He who took His Servant [i.e. Prophet Muhammad by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.} [Quran 17:1] It is also confirmed that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: When the tribe of Quraysh belied me, I stood on the Hijr of Isma’eel (Ishmael) [The area adjacent to the northwest side of the Ka’bah, enclosed by a low semi-circular wall in the sacred mosque in Makkah] and Allah showed me Baytul-Maqdis and I started describing it to them while I was looking at it.”
This is the meaning in principle, however, sometimes we mention Baytul-Maqdis to refer to something greater than it. Hence, sometimes it refers to the area in which Baytul-Maqdis and its precincts are, as in the saying of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “Baytul-Maqdis will be conquered.”
 
It is also used to refer to Jerusalem which includes Al-Aqsa mosque in the general meaning. However, by Baytul-Maqdis we do not refer to the entire Palestine or Greater Syria, and these are not considered holy as Baytul-Maqdis, however, it may be included in the surrounding area of Al-Aqsa that has this characteristic (i.e. sanctity). Allah Says (what means): {Exalted is He who took His Servant [i.e. Prophet Muhammad] by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.} [Quran 17:1]
 
Allah Knows best.
 
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
 

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