Plastering graves with mud in Muharram each year

  • Publish date:27/12/2009
  • Section:Fataawa
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Question:

Assalamo Alaikum. In Pakistan each year during the month of Muharram Muslims do mud plaster on their family graves annually. Discussion is going on whether it is FARZ or SUNNAH (Moaqdah or non Moaqda) or it is not necessary to do mud plaster on family graves at all. In U.S.A nobody does mud plaster on family graves after burial as practice in Pakistan. Please explain us with Quran and Sunnah and guide us to solve this discussion. Thank you
 
Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
 
Some scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them are of the view that it is disliked to plaster the grave with mud. For instance, Al-Kaasaani  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him from the Hanafi School of jurisprudence said: “It is disliked to plaster the grave with gypsum or mud.” Nonetheless, some other scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them permitted this like Imaam Ahmad  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him. For example, Ibn Al-Muflih  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him from the Hanbali School of jurisprudence said: “It is acceptable to plaster the grave with mud; this is stated by Ahmad but Abu Hafs disliked it.” Therefore, if there is no need for plastering the grave with mud, then it is better to avoid it.
This is in regard to plastering with mud in principle, but as regards doing this on a particular month, then there is no evidence for this and, in this case, it becomes a religious innovation and this is forbidden. If this is done every year, then this innovation becomes even graver and more abominable. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "Whoever introduces into this matter of ours [Islam] that which is not a part of it, it will be rejected." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
For more benefit on some rulings on graves, please refer to Fatwa 85432.
Allah Knows best.

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