The Ruling on Lying and its Evil Consequences

The Ruling on Lying and its Evil Consequences
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The prohibition of lying:

Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {“They only invent falsehood who do not believe in the verses of Allah, and it is those who are the liars.”} [Quran 16:105] Commenting on this verse, Ibn Katheer  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “Allah The Almighty informs us that His Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is not a liar, because lying is only the practice of the most evil people from amongst the disbelievers and polytheists who do not believe in the verses of Allah The Almighty. It is such people who are known among people to be liars, while Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was the most truthful person amongst his people and the kindest to others and the most wise. He was so truthful that his people gave him the nickname of ('The Truthful' and 'The Trustworthy'). This is why Hercules – the Roman king - asked Abu Sufyan about this very quality saying, ‘Was he ever known to be a liar before claiming prophethood?’ to which Abu Sufyan replied: 'No'. Thereupon Hercules said, ‘Then he would not give up lying to people and start lying on God.’”
 
Abu Hurayrah  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him narrated that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “The signs of a hypocrite are three; he lies when talking, he breaks his promises and he deceives when entrusted […] anyone who possesses all such qualities is a pure hypocrite” [Al-Bukhari, Muslim].
 
Imam An-Nawawi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him commented on this narration saying, “The sound opinion about the interpretation of this narration is that these are the qualities of hypocrites, and the one who possesses them resembles hypocrites […] his,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )  saying: “… anyone who possesses all such qualities is a pure hypocrite…” means that the person very closely resembles the hypocrites. Some scholars said that this applies to the person whose character is as such most the time, but the one who rarely does so is not included in the description. Imam At-Tirmithi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him reported that the narration refers to practical hypocrisy according to the scholars.”
 
The evil consequence of lying: 
A liar is warned that he is liable to be punished in both this life and the Hereafter with humiliating and destructive punishments such as:
 
·        Instilling hypocrisy in the heart: Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {So He penalized them with hypocrisy in their hearts until the Day they will meet Him – because they failed Allah in what they promised Him and because they [habitually] used to lie.} [Quran 9: 77]
 
      ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said, “You can consider one as a hypocrite if you see the following three qualities: lying when talking, breaking his promises and deceiving those who entrust him.” Then he, may Allah be pleased with him, recited the verse (which means): {And among them are those who made a covenant with Allah, [saying], "If He should give us from His bounty, we will surely spend in charity, and we will surely be among the righteous." But when he gave them from His bounty, they were stingy with it and turned away while they refused. So He penalized them with hypocrisy in their hearts until the Day they will meet Him – because they failed Allah in what they promised Him and because they [habitually] used to lie.} [Quran 9: 75-77] [Ibn Shaybah]
 
·       Leading to evil actions and to Hell: Ibn Mas`ood, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “Truthfulness leads to piety and piety leads to paradise. A man persists in speaking the truth till he is recorded with Allah as a truthful man. Lying leads to transgression and transgression leads to the Hell-fire. A man continues to lie till he is recorded with Allah as a great liar.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
 
       As-San’aani  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “The narration indicates that truthfulness becomes a natural quality of the one who is keen to speak only the truth, and lying becomes a natural quality of the one who is keen to lying when speaking. This is so, because it is a type of training one does to himself until it becomes one of his characteristics. The narration indicates the greatness of truthfulness so much so that it leads the person with such a quality to Paradise. It also highlights how hideous lying is, that it leads the person to Hell, besides the punishment awaiting him in this worldly life. People usually trust the words of the person known to tell the truth and like to listen to him, contrary to the person who is known to lie”
 
·     Rejecting testimony: Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, Lying is one of the strongest reasons to reject the testimony and narration of a person, because the tool itself is corrupted (tongue). This is similar to the testimony of a blind person regarding sighting the crescent of Ramadan, and the deaf for something that he heard. A lying tongue is an organ that has become defective and stopped functioning. In fact it is even worse, because the worst thing a person can possess is a lying tongue”
        
·      Gloomy face in this life and the Hereafter: Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied about Allah [with] their faces blackened. Is there not in Hell a residence for the arrogant?} [Quran 39: 60] Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “In the Hereafter, Allah The Almighty will make the gloominess on the face as a sign of those who used to lie. Lying gives the face of the liar a gloominess that is noticed by truthful people. On the other hand, truthful people have bright and glowing faces that make all the people who meet them love them, while the liar’s gloominess makes people hate them.”
 
·        Tearing of the face in the Hereafter: Samurah ibn Jundub  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said, “The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) very often used to ask his Companions,  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them: "Has any one of you seen a strange dream?" So dreams would be narrated to him by those whom Allah The Almighty willed to relate. One day he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "Last night I had a vision in which two men (angels) came to me and woke me up and said to me, `Proceed!' I set out with them and we came across a man lying down, and behold, another man was standing over his head, holding a big rock. Behold, he was throwing the rock at the man's head, smashing it. When he struck him, the stone rolled away and he went after it to get it, and no sooner had he returned to this man, his head was healed and restored to its former condition. The thrower (of the rock) then did the same as he had done before.
 
       I said to my two companions, `Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah)! Who are these?' They said: `Proceed, proceed.' So we proceeded and came to a man lying in a prone position and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man's mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck), and similarly tear his nose from front to back, and his eyes from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man's face and did just as he has done with the first side. He had hardly completed that (second) side when the first returned to its normal state.”
 
       Then when he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) informed the Companions  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them about the explanation of what he had seen, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “I said to them, `I have seen many wonders tonight. What does all that mean which I have seen?' They replied, `We will inform you: […] As for the man you came upon, whose sides of mouth, nostrils and eyes were torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells lies that are spread all over the world …” [Al-Bukhari].

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