Hamas is divided into four different separate wings:
1- The first is the incidents wing (the mass wing). It undertook the mass and field activities during the first Intifada that broke out in 1987 C.E. It mobilizes the masses, assembles supporters and activists to resist the occupation, through confrontations, setting off strikes, and carrying out the instructions of the statements of the movement.
2 - The second is the security wing, which was named “Majd” during the first Intifada. It gathers information about agents, spies and collaborators (with the Jews), and drug dealers, and also gathers data about the military institution of the enemy. This wing carried out a number of operations before and during the Intifada, and fought all aspects of corruption, with regard to the trade and circulation of hashish and drugs, selling alcohol, and so on. This wing was founded in 1983 C.E.
3 - The third is the military wing, the Ezzeddine Al-Qassam Brigades, which was previously named Mujahids of Palestine or Mujahidoon. This wing started its activities before the Intifada, since 1983 C.E., and carried out several military operations against the occupation, the most deadly for the Zionist entity were the martyrdom operations.
4 - The fourth is the political wing, which is concerned with the political activities, issuing statements, leaflets and press releases. It expresses the movement’s official stance, takes political decisions, and endeavors to develop relations with different political forces on the Palestinian scene and the Palestinian National Authority.
Hamas’ vision of the Zionist entity and its foreign relations
Hamas believes that conflict with the Zionists in Palestine is an existence-based conflict. It is indeed a civilizational and fateful conflict, which will end only by the termination of its cause, i.e. the Jewish settlement and usurpation of the land and dismissal and displacement of its real inhabitants.
Hamas views the Hebrew state as an aggressive totalitarian project rather than only an enemy of territorial aspirations, which complements the ambitious project of the forces of modern colonialism whose aim is to take over the treasures and riches of the (Arab and Muslim) Ummah (Muslim nation). These forces stand against the establishment of any attempt to uplift the Ummah (Muslim nation), by promoting provincialism, alienating the Ummah from its cultural roots and clamping down on its economic, political, military and even intellectual hegemony.
The Hebrew state efficiently breaks the geographic link between the central Arab countries, and is an instrument to deplete the Ummah’s treasures and efforts, let alone its being the warhead ready to strike any project to uplift the Ummah.
It is true that confrontation with the Zionist project is taking place in Palestine, being its base and stronghold. However, the risks and challenges posed by the Zionist project extend to all the Islamic countries. Hamas believes that the Zionist risk, since its early beginning, threatened all the Arab countries and but during the nineties, there were drastic transformations that highlighted the fact that this risk is unlimited.
Mobilization of resources
Hamas is of the view that the best way to handle the conflict with the Zionist enemy is to mobilize all Palestinian resources to carry the banner of Jihaad in the struggle against the Zionist existence in Palestine with all the possible means, and to keep the firebrand of conflict burning , until the circumstances are ripe for winning the battle with the Zionist enemy by the renaissance of the Arab and Islamic Ummah, with all its forces, resources and possibilities mobilized under one political will and power.
Until that time, and out of faith in the sanctity and importance of Palestine among the Muslims, and awareness of the dimensions and risks of the Zionist project in Palestine, Hamas believes that, under no circumstances should any part of the Palestinian land be compromised. Moreover, no acknowledgement should be given to the legitimacy of the Zionist occupation of it, and that it is due on the Palestinians as well as all Arabs and Muslims to prepare to fight the Zionists until they come out of Palestine as they migrated into it.
Civilizational degradation and deterioration
Hamas is of the view that the project of the Hebrew state is opposed to all attempts at Arab and Islamic renaissance. Had it not been for the state of civilizational degradation and deterioration of the Arab and Islamic Ummah, the Zionists would not have been able to realize their dream of establishing their state over the Palestinian territory. Well-aware of this fact, the Zionists oppose, in word and deed, any program that may improve Arab and Islamic capabilities, seeing that any attempt towards Arab and Islamic awakening represents a danger to Israel.
The Zionists also believe that the unity of the Arab forces on the basis of a comprehensive renaissance project is the main danger to the Hebrew state. This forced the leaders of the Hebrew state, since its foundation, to transform their state from an alien entity inside the Arab and Islamic environs into an inseparable part of it by virtue of economy. That is why the settlement advocates insist on promoting projects of economic orientation.
Hamas and military action
It is within this context that the role of military action in Hamas’ project should be viewed. Military action is the movement’s strategic means to combat the Zionist project. In the absence of any comprehensive Arab Islamic project of liberation, this (military action) would remain the only guarantee to keep the conflict going and divert the Zionist enemy from expansion outside the Palestinian territories.
In its strategic dimension, military action is the Palestinian people’s basic means to keep the firebrand of conflict burning in Palestine, and counter the Zionist schemes to transfer the center of tension to other parts of the Arab and Islamic world.
Additionally, military action is a deterrent to protect the security of the Palestinian people from the Zionist threat, as proved by the series of heroic attacks implemented by the movement in retaliation to the crime of the terrorist Baruch Goldstein against the Muslims at prayer in Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi on February 25,,1994 C.E.
The pursuit and intensification of that method would weigh heavily on the Zionists and force them to stop their hostilities against the interests and rights of our people in the West Bank and Gaza.
Israel and taking advantage of the Ummah’s weakness
In Hamas’ view, Israel’s integration in the Arab and Islamic region would, necessarily, hamper any project to uplift the Ummah. Israel, which is backed by the U.S. and its present technology-based civilizational system, takes advantage of the weakness of its adversaries to achieve a settlement project intended, in principle, to link the Arab economies and different resources with a new system led by Israel.
Hamas’ resistance of the occupation is not against the Jews as men of religion in so much as against the occupation, its existence and suppressive practices. This resistance is not associated with the peace process in the region as alleged by the Hebrew state, and the advocates of political settlement established on the basis of the present imbalance of forces. The resistance began before the Madrid conference was held; and the movement is not involved in hostilities or battles with any international party, nor does it target the possessions and interests of the other countries. This is because, in its view, the area of resisting the Zionist occupation is limited inside the borders of the Palestinian occupied territories.
When Zionist officials threatened to transfer the conflict with Hamas to areas beyond the borders of the Palestinian occupied territories, Hamas warned the Zionist authorities of the great risk involved in such a step. This confirms the movement’s eagerness not to expand the area of conflict.
In its resistance of the occupation, Hamas seeks to strike military targets, and does its best to avoid causing losses among civilians as much as possible. Some incidents which left casualties among civilians during the movement’s resistance occurred in self-defense, and in retaliation to the terrorist massacres committed against innocent Palestinian civilians. This was the case in the massacre of Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi in Hebron, where Palestinian worshippers were shot dead while praying inside the mosque at the hands of the settlers and occupation forces.
Eager to avoid casualties among the civilians on either side, Hamas introduced many initiatives calling both parties to stop targeting civilians and excluding them from the circle of conflict. However, the Zionists refused and ignored those initiatives, and, by doing so, confirmed their terrorist nature, and heedlessness about saving the blood of innocent Palestinians.
In its activities and resistance of the Zionist occupation, Hamas is extremely keen on abiding by the noble teachings of Islam and the rules of human rights and international law. It carries out its legitimate resistance, not for murder or bloodshed, as is the case with the Zionists.