The tradition that the Prophet, (may Allah exalt his mention), heard Qayss bin Saa`idah preach at the `Ukaath fair isforged and discarded, as one of its narrators, Muhammad bin Hallaaj Al-Laakhmi, is a confirmed liar. The suggestion that the Prophet, , learnt from Zayd bin Haarithah, may Allah be pleased with him, is discarded on the ground that Zayd came to the Prophet, as a little boy and as a result he could not have taught Christianity to his foster father. Moreover, Zayd, may Allah be pleased with him, had genuine faith in the Prophet’s message and followed him, until his death.
Was Prophet Muhammad influenced by Jews or Christians? -II
- Publish date:03/02/2010
The allegation that the Prophet, , received instructions from Waraqah bin Nawfal on Christianity is rejected on the ground that, if this information is true, then the Quraysh would have made a very big issue about it. The assertion that the Prophet, , was instructed by a foreigner, is already properly addressed and rebutted by the Quran itself, and is not discussed here. If some of the Christians and Jews of Makkah had provided the Prophet, with information about former religions, they would not have faith in the Prophet’s mission and leadership and would never have become Muslims themselves.
Some of the points raised in this connection by Dr. Jamal Badawi, a renowned propagator of Islam in Canada are worth noting. He says: “It would be highly imaginary to say that through his occasional chats with Jews and Christians, while busy with his caravan, Muhammad, , learned enough about either or both religions to formulate a new powerful and viable religion, a task that defies the collective efforts of scholars for centuries.”
Furthermore, the above assertion raises a number of questions. Dr. Jamal Badawi puts forth the following six questions:
1. Why is it, that in spite of the abundance of historical material on the life of Prophet Muhammad, and in spite of the extensive research on his life for centuries by his critics, why was it not possible to discover the mysterious teacher who allegedly taught Muhammad, , all that he learned?
2. It is known that Muhammad, , was opposed, ridiculed and persecuted for nearly thirteen years by his own contemporaries. Was it not possible for his enemies to prove to the masses that Prophet Muhammad's, claim of revelation was sheer fabrication? Was it not possible for them to reveal and name whom they alleged to be the human sources of his teachings? Even some of his adversaries who made this assertion changed their minds later on, and accused him, instead, of magic or of being possessed by evil.
3. Prophet Muhammad, , was raised among his people and every aspect of his life was exposed to them, especially by the openness that characterizes tribal life in the desert. How could his contemporaries, including many of his close relatives who knew him so well, believe in his truthfulness if they had any doubt that he was claiming credit for ideas taught to him by some other teachers, without bothering to give them credit?
4. What kind of teacher might have taught Muhammad, , a coherent and complete religion that changed the face of history? Why did he or they (if any) not speak against the alleged student who continued learning from them, while ignoring them and claiming some other Divine source for his teachings?
5. How could many Jews and Christians amongst his contemporaries become Muslims and believe in his truthfulness, if they knew that he was copying from their scriptures or learning from their priests or rabbis?
6. It is known that some of the Quranic revelations came to Prophet Muhammad, , in the presence of people. The Quran was revealed during the span of 23 years. If the Prophet, , had a teacher, where was he? How could he, , have hidden the teacher for so long? On the other hand, how could Prophet Muhammad, , who was constantly surrounded by followers, be able to make frequent secret visits to that mysterious teacher or teachers for 23 years without being ‘caught’ even once?
Gradual Growth of Accuracy in the Quran
The teachings of Islam in the Quran such as the rules and duties are indeed spelt out gradually over a period of 23 years, and the arrangement of the revealed verses and chapters are according to the need of the society at the time. A good example is the warning regarding intoxicants in the Quran, and how they were finally prohibited. The prohibition did not come all of a sudden. The society was first spiritually prepared to accept such a prohibition, and when the prohibition came into effect, it was accepted openly and gladly. This may look as a gradual growth in accuracy for some of the Orientalists who may make an issue out of it, but it is not so. However, it is worth noticing that some of the Orientalists have started to discard this line of thinking.
The Quran is not a derivation from the Judeo-Christian scriptures as claimed by the Orientalists and as evidenced by the following:
Some Information Given in the Quran that is Not Mentioned in the Bible:
· Some of the Prophets mentioned in the Quran i.e. Saalih (for the Thamood) and Hood (for the `Aad), may Allah exalt their mention, are not even mentioned in the Bible.
· Information given in the Quran about Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham), may Allah exalt his mention, specifically about his teachings on monotheism and the resulting struggle is not found in the Bible
· The incidents of ‘Eesaa (Jesus), may Allah exalt his mention, speaking in the cradle and confirming the chastity of his mother; giving life to the birds made by clay by God's permission, and the table of food descending from heaven
· Moosaa (Moses), may Allah exalt his mention, traveling to the "meeting place of two seas"
· The incident of Pharaoh's plan to kill Moosaa, may Allah exalt his mention, and that a "believer" in Pharaoh's court dissuaded him from carrying out his plan
· Moosaa, may Allah exalt his mention, striking the 12 springs for each Jewish tribe
· The magicians in Pharaoh’s court dying for their belief in God.
Instances where theQuran contradicts accounts given in the Bible
· The preaching of Nooh (Noah), may Allah exalt his mention, was specifically monotheism according to Quran
· The Quran categorically denies the concept of Trinity and confirms that ‘Eesaa, may Allah exalt his mention, was no more than a Prophet -- not god, not the son-of-god and not part of a Trinity
· The Quran categorically states that ‘Eesaa, may Allah exalt his mention, was not crucified or killed
· The Quran states that all the Prophets, may Allah exalt their mention, were noble men sent by Allah and clears all the Prophets from evil intention or evil actions, as against what can be found in the Bible
· The Quran testifies that all the Prophets of God, may Allah exalt their mention, were sincere in their mission for which they were sent by God, and never betrayed their mission as suggested in the Bible in the case of Moosaa (Moses) and Haaroon (Aaron), may Allah exalt their mention; or sinned as in the case of Loot (Lut), Daawood (David), Sulaymaan (Solomon), may Allah exalt their mention, and others.
More Details are given in the Quran as Compared to the Bible
1.Incidents relating to Prophet Nooh (Noah), may Allah exalt his mention.
2. Maryam (Mary), may Allah be pleased with her, being asked to pray to Allah -- implying that she was a human being who required the mercy of God.
3. The whole story of Yoosuf (Joseph), may Allah exalt his mention, delivered in a spiritual atmosphere with more details of his life that are not found in the Bible.
It is true that some of the historical incidents are mentioned in both the Bible and the Quran, but this does not mean that the Quran selected them from these sources. Instead, it is a confirmation of the events of the past but looking at them with a clear vision. There was no library or museum in Makkah, and the Prophet, , could not read or write. There were no scholars and philologists in Makkah to unravel the secrets of ancient work to the Prophet, .
While casually recognizing that there are new elements in the Quran, the Orientalists seem to have never paid attention to find the sources of these elements. If they had done so, the Orientalists would surely have found reason to see that the assumptions under which they have been laboring so diligently and impressively need revision.