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Correcting the Creed of the Companions

Friday 26/03/2010

Prior to the commissioning of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) as a prophet, creed was deficient as a concept. The Companions were deviated from the truth regarding the Names and Attributes of Allah The Almighty, who Says (what means): {And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing.} [Quran 7:180]

Hence, the Noble Quran came to deepen and establish sound creed in the hearts of the believers and explain it to all people. This took place through explaining the categories of Tawheed (Islamic monotheism) which are:
  • Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Divine Lordship),
  • Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Divinty)
  • Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wa As-Sifaat (Oneness of the Divine Names and Attributes).
 
The Quran also stressed the necessity of believing in all that was mentioned by Allah The Almighty regarding the angels, the Holy Scriptures, prophets, the Divine Will and Decree - whether good or not, the Last Day, and believing in the messengers and in all that they taught.
 
The early generation was brought up on understanding the Names and Attributes of Allah The Almighty and on implementing their ramifications when worshipping Him. Hence, the sole objective of their deeds and efforts was to please Allah The Almighty - and they were fully aware that He was observing them day and night.
 
This rational, Tawheed-based prophetic upbringing that was given to individuals represents the foundation of the Islamic structure and the correct methodology that was adopted by all the messengers and prophets in the past.
This upbringing, with which the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) provided his Companions bore its blessed fruits. Consequently, his Companions were in general purified from anything that contradicted any of the three types of Tawheed that we have mentioned. There were other manifestations of the success of this upbringing, including:
-      They turned only to Allah The Almighty for judgment
-      They obeyed no one but Allah The Almighty
-      They never followed anyone in anything that would displease Allah The Almighty
-      They never loved anything like they loved Allah The Almighty
-      They feared none but Allah The Almighty
-      They relied on none but Allah The Exalted
-      They took refuge with none but Allah The Almighty
-      They never supplicated or sought forgiveness from anyone but Allah The Almighty
-      They did not make vows for the sake of anyone or anything but Allah The Almighty
-      They never sought relief from anyone but Allah The Almighty
-      They only asked for the Help of Allah in what can only be done by Allah The Almighty
-      They never bowed, prostrated, made pilgrimage or any other act of worship for the sake of anyone or anything but Allah The Almighty
-      They likened Allah The Almighty to neither any creature nor any non-existent things; rather, they exalted Him as He deserves to be exalted.
 
The parts of the Quran that were revealed in Makkah firmly established the sound creed, about all the forms of Tawheed, in the hearts of the Companions and about the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) as well as regarding the message itself. The Makkan parts of the Quran also corrected the creed of the Companions regarding the other pillars of faith.

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