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The Courage of the Prophet I

Saturday 27/03/2010

Undoubtedly the clearest manifestation of courage is to be patient on the battlefield where one should retain his composure over all motives of fear, so as not to be cowardly in situations where bravery is required and praised, and where cowardice is considered shameful and evil. From the examples of the courage of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), one finds that he is the best role model and example to be followed. He strove in the cause of Allah with his heart, tongue, sword, spear, Da‘wah (call) and eloquence. He dispatched fifty-six battalions, led in twenty-seven battles, and participated in the fighting in nine of them. The following are examples of his courage:

 
The First Example:The courage of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), in the Battle of Badr Al-Kubra
 
An incident that showed the wisdom of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), in this battle was that he consulted the people before the battle began. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), wanted to know to what extent the Ansaar wanted to fight. In the pledge of allegiance of ‘Aqabah, they had agreed to protect him in Madeenah with all that they protect their own selves, property, offspring and women from. However, they gave him no such promise if this were to be outside Madeenah. Hence, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), wanted to consult them.
 
He gathered them together and discussed the matter with them. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, stood up and spoke well. Then ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, did the same. After that, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), consulted them again. Thereupon, Al-Miqdaad, may Allah be pleased with him, said,“O Messenger of Allah! Go to where Allah The Almighty commands you to go, and we are with you. We will not say to you what the Children of Israel said to Moosa [Moses], may Allah exalt his mention [which was, to say], ‘Go you and your Lord and fight, and we will stay here.’ Rather we shall say, ‘Go you and your Lord and fight, and we will fight along with you [we will fight on your right, on your left, in front of you, and from behind you].’”
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), then consulted the people for a third time, and the Ansaar realized that he meant them. Thus, Sa’d ibn Mu’aath, may Allah be pleased with him, hastened to say, “O Messenger of Allah! You seem to mean us.” The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), did actually mean them because they gave him the pledge of allegiance to protect him from (anyone regardless of who he is) red or black, but within their homeland. Hence, when he decided to fight the disbelievers outside Madeenah, he consulted them to know their opinion. Sa’d, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
 
Perhaps you are afraid that the Ansaar might see that it is not binding upon them to support you outside the borders of their territory, so let me speak on behalf of the Ansaar. Set out wherever you like, keep relations with whomever you like, sever relations with whomever you like, take from our property whatever you like, give us whatever you like, and be sure that what you take from us is dearer to us than what you will leave.
 
Whatever command you give us, we will follow you. By Allah! If you were to take us to Bark Al-Ghimdaan, we will proceed with you. By Him who sent you with the truth, if you proceed with us to that sea and plunge into it, we will plunge into it with you, with none of us remaining behind. We would not dislike it if you lead us to meet our enemy tomorrow, for indeed we are patient in war and trustworthy in combat. Perhaps Allah The Almighty will show you from us that which is pleasing to you. So, proceed with us by the Blessing of Allah.”
 
On that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) smiled, and was pleased with what he had heard from them, which increased his enthusiasm. He then said: “Proceed and receive the glad tidings: Allah The Almighty has promised me one of both groups, and it is as if I am seeing now the places where those people [the polytheists] will die.”
 
His reliance on his Lord The Exalted was one of his great factors in the Battle of Badr, for he was confident that success does not come by the large number of fighters, nor due to the mighty artillery; rather, victory is achieved by virtue of the help and support of Allah The Almighty, along with utilizing the available means and reliance on Him.
 
In a Hadeeth on the authority of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him, he said,
 
When it was the Day of Badr, the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), looked at the polytheists and they were one thousand while his own Companions were three hundred and nineteen. Thus, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), stood facing the Qiblah, stretched his hands and began his supplication to his Lord, saying: “O Allah! Fulfill Your promise to me. O Allah! If this small group [of Muslims] is destroyed, You will not be Worshipped on the earth.” He continued his supplication to his Lord, stretching his hands and facing the Qiblah, until his upper garment slipped down from his shoulders. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, came to him, picked up his upper garment and replaced it on his shoulders. Then, he embraced him from behind and said, “O Messenger of Allah! Stop supplicating to your Lord now for He will fulfill His promise to you.”
 
It was on this occasion that Allah The Exalted revealed the verse (what means): {[Remember] when you asked help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, following one another.}[Quran 8:9] Allah The Almighty reinforced him with the angels. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
 
The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) emerged from the shade while reciting the verse (what means): {[Their] assembly will be defeated, and they will turn their backs [in retreat]} [Quran 54:45] and then took part in that battle, and he was the most powerful, the strongest and the bravest of all people in it. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, was by his side, and as they were both in the shade, striving through supplication, they came to the battlefield, encouraging the people to fight and also taking part in the fight, to combine the two dignified positions.
 
The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was the bravest of all people. In a Hadeeth on the authority of ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, he said,“I saw us on the Day of Badr taking shelter with the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) who was the nearest of us all to the enemy. On that day, he was the mightiest of all people.” [Ahmad and Al-Haakim, Al-Haakim and Ath-Thahabi - Saheeh]
 
In another Hadeeth on the authority of ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: “Whenever the fighting became fierce and both parties met, we would seek protection in the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and find that none of us would be nearer to the people [enemy] than him.”[Al-Haakim, Al-Haakim and Ath-Thahabi - Saheeh]

The Courage of the Prophet – II

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