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Building the Greatest Masjid in Madeenah

Monday 29/03/2010

Having arrived in Madeenah, the first thing the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did was to build the Masjid (Mosque), where the Islamic rituals that had been frequently fought for would be performed. The Masjid was established for Muslims to perform prayer, which connected them to the Lord of the Worlds and purified their hearts from earthly desires and the impurities of this worldly life.

The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) entered Madeenah riding his camel. He went along with other people until the camel kneeled down at the place where the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) would be built. Some Muslim men were then performing prayer at that place. This place was used as an area for dates to be dried and was owned by Sahl and Suhayl, two orphans who were under the guardianship of As‘ad bin Zuraarah. When the camel kneeled down, the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “This, if Allahs wills, will be the abode.” Then, he called the two orphans and requested to buy the piece of land from them in order to establish the Masjid. They replied, “No, O Messenger of Allah, we give it to you as a gift.” The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) refused to take it as a gift and bought it from them. [Al-Bukhari]
 
According to the narration of Anas bin Maalik, may Allah be pleased with him
 
On that piece of land there were palm trees and graves of the polytheists and debris. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ordered the palm trees to be cut, the graves to be dug out, and the debris to be leveled. The trees were thus placed in rows towards the Qiblah [direction of prayer] and the stones were set on both sides of the door. While building the Masjid, the Companions were repeating a rhyme along with the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) about their belief that the best life is that of the Hereafter, and imploring Allah to forgive both the Ansaar [helpers] and the Muhaajiroon [emigrants]. [Muslim]
 
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) participated in the work along with his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them. He used the first pick-axe to dig the foundations of the Masjid whose depth was three cubits. Then, the Muslims engaged in establishing the foundation which consisted of stones as well as walls which were slightly taller than a man's height and consisted of mud bricks. On the left of the Masjid, a shelter of palm branches was made and was called As-Suffah. The rest of the Masjid, however, was left uncovered.
 
The Masjid had three doors: one at the back on the western side, one on the eastern side, behind the room of ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, from which the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) would enter, and one on the western side; it was called “Baab Ar-Rahmah (the door of mercy)” or “Baab ‘Aatikah (the door of ‘Aatikah).”

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