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Refer Legislation To Him, Giving Him Due Esteem And Suppliocating For Him

Tuesday 30/03/2010

Refer Legislation To Him: It is obligatory to refer legislation to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), and to accept his judgment. Allah The Almighty Says (what means):

 
{And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.} {Quran 4:59]
{But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.} [Quran 4:65] This applies to his Sunnah after his death.
 
Giving him due esteem: This must be done without either exaggeration or underestimation. He was the slave and Messenger of Allah, the best of the prophets and messengers, the master of the early and later generations and the owner of the Praised Station and Basin (in Paradise); nevertheless, he was a human being who had no power to benefit or harm himself or any other person, as Allah The Almighty Says (what means):
 
{Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not tell you that I have the depositories [containing the provision] of Allah or that I know the unseen, nor do I tell you that I am an angel. I only follow what is revealed to me.”} [Quran 6:50]
{Say, “I hold not for myself [the power of] benefit or harm, except what Allah has willed. And if I knew the unseen, I could have acquired much wealth, and no harm would have touched me. I am not except a warner and a bringer of good tidings to a people who believe.”} [Quran 7:188]
{Say, “Indeed, I do not possess for you [the power of] harm or right direction.” Say, “Indeed, there will never protect me from Allah anyone [if I should disobey], nor will I find in other than Him a refuge.”} [Quran 72:21-22]
 
In fact the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), died in the same way as the other prophets died, but his religion will last until the Day of Resurrection. Allah The Almighty Says (what means):
 
{Indeed, you are to die, and indeed, they are to die.} [Quran 39:30]
{And We did not grant to any man before you eternity [on earth]; so if you die - would they be eternal? Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and with good as trial; and to Us you will be returned.} [Quran 21:34-35]
 
Therefore, it should be known that only Allah The Almighty deserves worship with no partner. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. And this I have been commanded, and I am the first [among you] of the Muslims.”}[Quran 6:162-163]
 
Invoking Allah for him: Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.} [Quran 33:56] The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Whoever invokes [Allah for] prayers on me one time, Allah The Almighty will return them [the blessings] to him ten times.”[Muslim]
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Do not make your houses like graves, nor make my grave a shrine that you visit regularly. Invoke [Allah for] prayers on me, for your prayers reach me wherever you are.” [Abu Daawood and Ahmad]
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “A miserly person is the one who hears my name and does not invoke [Allah for] prayers on me.”[At-Tirmithi]
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “No people sit in a place where they do not mention the name of Allah or invoke prayers on me but they have incurred loss. Allah The Almighty will punish them if He wills, or forgive them if He wills.” [At-Tirmithi]
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Allah The Almighty created Angels who roam the earth and convey to me the greetings that my Ummah extends to me.” [An-Nasaa'I, Al-Albaani - Saheeh]
Jibreel (Gabriel), may Allah exalt his mention, told the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), “May anyone who hears your name and does not invoke Allah for prayers on you be humiliated or eliminated.” The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Ameen.” [Ibn Khuzaymah and Ahmad, Al-'Arnaa'oot - Saheeh]
 
It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “When anyone extends greetings to me, Allah gives life back to me to return the greeting.” [Abu Daawood, Al-Albaani - Hasan]
 
A Muslim should invoke Allah The Almighty for prayers on the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), on many occasions. Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him listed forty-one occasions, such as upon entering and leaving the Masjid, after repeating the words of the Athaan and Iqaamah, upon supplication, in Tashahhud during prayers, in funeral prayers, in the morning and evening, on Friday, before leaving a gathering, in Khutbahs like the two Khutbahs given in the Friday congregation, upon writing his name, between the Takbeers in ‘Eed prayers, at the end of the supplications during prayers, on the mountains of As-Safa and Al-Marwah, when standing in front of his grave, when grieving in times of hardship and seeking forgiveness, after committing a misdeed if a person wants to expiate for it, and many other occasions.
 
It is sufficient to highlight the virtue of invoking Allah The Almighty for prayers on the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), to mention the Hadeeth that was narrated on the authority of Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said: “Whoever invokes prayers on me once, Allah The Almighty will return them to him ten times,” or: “Allah The Almighty will add ten good deeds to his account, remove ten bad deeds and raise him ten degrees in Paradise by it.” [Ahmad, Ibn Hibbaan, and Al-Haakim, Al-Arnaa'oot - Saheeh]
 
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His slave and Messenger, the cream of His creation and His trustee for His revelation – Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullaah, his household, his Companions and those who followed him in the best way until the Day of Resurrection.

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