Prophet Site > People around him > His Household >

Marriages and the Wives of the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam

Tuesday 30/03/2010

This article will continue discussing certain characteristics of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), that Allah The Almighty distinguished him with. These qualities indicate his high status and rank. 


 

The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), was given permission to marry more than four women, and this was because he was protected from error and would thus never commit any injustice that other men may do to their wives. 


 

Additionally, these marriages were certainly in the public interest, such as disseminating the Islamic Da‘wah (call), conveying the details of his personal life through his wives and refining affiliations with many tribes. In this way, his Da‘wah gained more power and protection. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), therefore consummated marriages with eleven women, as stated by Ibn Hajar in Fat’h Al-Baari and by Ibn Al-Qayyim in Zaad Al-Ma‘aad. 
 
The first of his wives was Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid, Al-Qurashiyyah Al-Asadiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her. She supported the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), when he began to convey the message of his Lord. In the Saheehs of Al-Bukhari and Muslim, it was narrated that she was the best of the women of her time and that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said about her: "Allah never gave me a woman better than her." 


 

After Khadeejah's death, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), married Sawdah bint Zam‘ah, Al-Qurashiyyah, who gave up her right to overnight stay with the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), to ‘Aa'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her. 


 

Subsequently, he married Umm ‘Abdullaah ‘Aa'ishah bint Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, may Allah be pleased with her. She was the most beloved of his wives and the only virgin he married. She was followed by, Hafsah bint ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with her, then, Zaynab bint Khuzaymah ibn Al-Haarith Al-Qaysiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, from Banu Hilaal ibn ‘Aamir, who died two months after her marriage to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) 


 

Next, he married Umm Salamah Hind bint Abu 'Umayyah Al-Qurashiyyah Al-Makhzoomiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, and the name of her father, Abu 'Umayyah, was Huthayfah ibn Al-Mugheerah. Umm Salamah was said to be the last of his wives to die, while some have mentioned that it was Safiyyah who died last. Following her, he married Zaynab bint Jahsh from Banu Asad ibn Khuzaymah, may Allah be pleased with her, a daughter of his maternal aunt Umaymah. She was the wife regarding whom the following Quranic verses were revealed: Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {So when Zayd had no longer any need for her, We married her to you in order that there not be upon the believers any discomfort concerning the wives of their adopted sons when they no longer have need of them. And ever is the command of Allah accomplished}[Quran 33:37] She had first been a wife of Zayd ibn Haarithah, may Allah be pleased with him, whom the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), had adopted. When Zayd divorced her, Allah The Almighty married her off to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), in order for his Ummah (nation) to imitate him in (the permissibility of) marrying the wives of their adopted sons. Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her, was very proud of this marriage and would say to other women: "I am the one whom Allah married to His Prophet, but your fathers and relatives married you to your husbands." She died at the beginning of the caliphate of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him.  


 

He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), married Juwayriyah bint Al-Haarith ibn Abu Dhiraar Al-Mustaliqiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, who was taken as a female slave from Banu Al-Mustaliq. She came to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), seeking his help for paying for her contract of emancipation. He,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), did so and married her later.  


 

After that, he married Umm Habeebah, Ramlah bint Abu Sufyaan Sakhr ibn Harb, Al-Qurashiyyah Al-Umawiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her.  


 

Then, he married Safiyyah bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab, may Allah be pleased with her, whose father was the head of the Banu Al-Nadheer tribe and a descendent of Haaroon (Aaron) son of ‘Imraan and brother of Moosa (Moses), may Allah exalt their mention. Thus, she was a daughter of a prophet and wife of a prophet in addition to being a very beautiful woman. Next, he married Maymoonah bint Al-Haarith Al-Hilaaliyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, and she was the last wife of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) 


 

Some scholars also add that he,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), also married Rayhaanah bint Zayd An-Nadhariyyah or Al-Qurathiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, who was taken as a female slave during the Banu Quraythah incident. She was the share of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), who freed her and then married her. Later, he,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), divorced her once and then took her back as a wife.  


 

Among the characteristics with which Allah The Almighty distinguished the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), is that it is prohibited for any person to marry any of the wives with whom the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), consummated his marriage. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And it is not [conceivable or lawful] for you to harm the Messenger of Allah or to marry his wives after him, ever. Indeed, that would be in the sight of Allah an enormity} [Quran 33:53] Scholars have unanimously agreed on the prohibition of marrying women who were married to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), when he died. That is because they were his wives in this life and will be so in the Hereafter in addition to being the Mothers of the Believers. In Zaad Al-Ma‘aad, Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on him, did not record any disagreement on the fact that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), had nine wives when he died, namely, ‘Aa'ishah, Hafsah, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Umm Salamah, Safiyyah, Umm Habeebah, Maymoonah, Sawdah and Juwayriyah, may Allah be pleased with them. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would divide his overnight stays between eight of them as Sawdah, gave up her night for ‘Aa'ishah, may Allah be pleased with both.  


 

Therefore, we realize that the marriages of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), to the Mothers of the Believers was one of his distinguishing characteristics.  


 

May Allah The Almighty enable us to write other articles on this very important topic.

Related Articles

All rights reserved to IslamWeb. © 2011