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Aaishah bint Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, may Allah be pleased with her.

Sunday 04/04/2010

She was Umm ‘Abdullaah, ‘Aa’ishah bint Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhaafah. Her mother was Umm Roomaan bint ‘Aamir ibn ‘Uwaymir Al-Kinaaniyyah. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, was born into a Muslim family four or five years after the beginning of the Prophethood of Muhammad,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).

When her father emigrated with the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), to Madeenah, he sent her ‘Abdullaah ibn Urayqit Al-Laythi with two or three camels so that she could join him. Therefore, she emigrated with her sister, Asmaa’, her mother and her brother.
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), married her almost ten months before Hijrah (emigration) when she was six years old. He consummated his marriage with her in Shawwaal in the second year after Hijrah when she was nine years old. Before marrying her, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), saw her in a dream. Jibreel (Gabriel), may Allah exalt his mention, came to him carrying her picture and said,“This is your wife in this life and in the Hereafter.” [At-Tirmithi] There is a narration in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim that conforms with this narration.
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), never married a virgin other than her. This was a great honor that was conferred on her and she continued to boast about it all her life. She said to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), “O Messenger of Allah, suppose you landed in a valley where there was a tree from which something had been eaten and then you found trees of which nothing had been eaten; of which tree would you let your camel graze?”He said:“[I would let my camel graze] on the one from which nothing has been eaten before.”[Al-Bukhari]She was alluding to the fact that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), did not marry a virgin except herself. She also said, “I was given nine [merits] that no other woman was given after Maryam bint ‘Imraan.” Then, she said, “The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) married no virgin other than me.”
 
‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, occupied a special place in the heart of the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), that he shared with no one but her. He did not conceal his love for her from anybody. Out of his love for her, he would drink from the place she drank from and to eat from the place that she ate from. When ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, asked him, “O Messenger of Allah, whom do you love most?”He replied, saying:“Aa’ishah.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would joke and play with her and would sometimes race with her on the way to or on the way back from battles. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated an incident that indicates the kindness of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), towards her; she said, “By Allah, I saw the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) standing at the door of my room while some Abyssinians were playing with spears. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) screened me with his cloak so I could watch the spear-play over his shoulder. Then, he stayed there for my sake until I had seen enough.”[Ahmad]
 
Knowing that ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, had a special place in the heart of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), the people would choose the time when he would be with her to offer their gifts as narrated in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim. Out of his love for her, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), had sought his wives’ permission to allow him to stay with ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, during his last days when he was very ill. She was famous for her extreme jealousy over the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), that was clear proof of her intense love for him. She expressed this love when she said, “How could not someone like me feel jealous about someone like you [the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )]?” [Muslim]
 
One day, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), was with ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, when another of the Mothers of the Believers sent him food in a container. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, smashed the container (out of jealousy). Therefore, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), picked up the food while saying:“Your Mother felt jealous.” [Al-Bukhari]
 
Whenever the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would marry, ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, would look at the new wife to see whether she would be a threat to her special place in the heart of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), or not. She felt particularly jealous of Khadeejah, may Allah be pleased with her, because the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), would mention her a lot.
 
One night when the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), left for the Baqee‘ cemetery, ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, thought that he might be going to another one of his wives, so she felt jealous and followed him in order to know where he was going. When the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), found out, he rebuked her, saying:“Did you think that Allah and His Messenger would be unjust to you?”[Muslim]
 
Talking about her merits is both fascinating as well as lengthy. She would fast a lot and pray at night frequently, in addition to various other deeds. She rarely had any money as she would give it away in charity. Once she gave one hundred thousand Dirhams in charity in one go. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), testified to this amazing generosity, saying: “The superiority of ‘Aa’ishah to other women is like the superiority of meat and broth to other kinds of food.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Yet another indication of her virtue was the Hadeeth where the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said to her: “O ‘Aa’ishah, this is Jibreel greeting you.”She responded, “May the peace and mercy of Allah be upon him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
 
Despite her very young age, she was highly intelligent and a rapid learner. Hence, she understood and memorized a great deal of knowledge from the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and narrated many of his Hadeeths. There is no woman in the Ummah (Muslim nation) who understood Islam better than her. This is supported by what Abu Moosa Al-Ash‘ari, may Allah be pleased with him, said about her, “Whenever we, the Companions of Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) found an issue with any Hadeeth, we would ask ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, and she always had knowledge of it.” [At-Tirmithi]
 
It was said to Masrooq  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him “Did ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, have sound knowledge about determining the prescribed shares of inheritance?” He answered, “Yes, by Allah, I saw the great scholars from among the Companions of Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) asking her about determining the prescribed shares of inheritance.” [Al-Haakim] Az-Zuhri  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “If the knowledge of the women of this Ummah, including the knowledge of the wives of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) were combined together, the knowledge of ‘Aa’ishah would be greater than theirs.” [At-Tabaraani]
 
In addition to her knowledge of Hadeeth and Fiqh, she had great knowledge of poetry, medicine and genealogy. She learned this knowledge from her father, husband and the delegates of Arabs who would come to the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).
 
One of the blessings she was granted was that she was the reason behind the revelation of some verses - including the verse of dry ablution: She once borrowed a necklace from her sister Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, and lost it. The Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), therefore sent some of his Companions to look for it, and the time for prayer came while they were looking and they had no water. Hence, they prayed without performing ablution. When they returned to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), they complained to him about this, and it was due to this situation the verse of dry ablution was revealed. Usayd bin Hudhayr, may Allah be pleased with him, said to ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her,"May Allah reward you. By Allah, whenever you have a problem, Allah makes a way out of it for you and brings with it a blessing for the Muslims.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] When she was afflicted by the Incident of the Slander, Allah The Almighty announced her innocence in Quranic verses that will be recited until the Day of Resurrection. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Indeed, those who came with falsehood are a group among you. Do not think it bad for you; rather it is good for you. For every person among them is what [punishment] he has earned from the sin, and he who took upon himself the greater portion thereof - for him is a great punishment. Why, when you heard it, did not the believing men and believing women think good of one another and say: ‘This is an obvious falsehood’?}[Quran 24: 11-12]
 
She died in the year 57 AH when she was more than sixty-three years of age. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, prayed over her and she was buried in Al-Baqee‘. She was not buried in her room beside the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), because she had given up her place in favor of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him. May Allah Be pleased with her and him and with all the other Mothers of the Believers.

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