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Asmaa’ bint Yazeed ibn As-Sakan – The Female Orator

Tuesday 15/06/2010

She was Asmaa’ bint Yazeed ibn As-Sakan ibn Raafi‘ ibn Imri’ Al-Qays ibn ‘Abd Al-Ash’hal, ibn Al-Haarith, Al-Ansaariyyah Al-Awsiyyah Al-Ash’haliyyah.

 
She was one of those who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and she was the cousin of Mu‘aath ibn Jabal, may Allah be pleased with him.
 
She was known as Umm ‘Aamir as well as Umm Salamah.
 
She was a virtuous narrator of Hadeeths and a great Mujaahidah (warrior) who was wise, religious and eloquent and for that reason she was called “The Female Orator.”
 
Asmaa’: The Female Orator
It was narrated that Asmaa’ once went to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), and said,
 
I am the spokesperson of the Muslim women to you and they all have the same opinion as mine. Allah sent you as His Messenger to both men and women. We have believed in you and followed you. We, the women, are confined to our homes. We satisfy the men’s desires and bear their children. Men, on the other hand, are favored over us by attending the Friday Prayer, funerals and with making Jihaad. When they go out for Jihaad, we take care of their property and bring up their children. Do we share the reward with them, O Messenger of Allah?
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), turned to his Companions and said:“Have you ever heard a woman saying anything better than this one’s question about matters of her religion?”They said,“No, by Allah, O Messenger of Allah.”The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), said:“O Asmaa’, go and inform the other women who sent you that being good wives, seeking your husbands’ satisfaction and doing what pleases them are equal to all that you mentioned about men.”Thus, she left glorifying Allah out of happiness at what the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), had told her. [Al-Istee‘aab]
 
Ibn Hajar  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in Al-Fat’h, “Asmaa’ bint Yazeed was called ‘The Female Orator.’”
 
She was one of the pure women who presented an excellent example of faith, knowledge and patience.
 
Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, embraced Islam among the forerunners of the Ansaar (helpers) at the hands of Mus‘ab ibn ‘Umayr, may Allah be pleased with him, and she would used to ask the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), about matters pertaining to religion so that she could follow the right path, and hence she was described as one of the wise and religious women.
 
Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, was the daughter of the paternal aunt of Mu‘aath ibn Jabal, may Allah be pleased with him, and their lineage meets at their grandfather Umru’ Al-Qays ibn Zayd ibn ‘Abd Al-Ash’hal.
 
She went to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), in the first year after Hijrah (emigration) and gave him the pledge of allegiance. At that time, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), made the pledge of allegiance with women with the verse mentioned in Surat Al-Mumtahinah (what means): {O Prophet, when the believing women come to you pledging to you that they will not associate anything with Allah, nor will they steal, nor will they commit unlawful sexual intercourse, nor will they kill their children, nor will they bring forth a slander they have invented between their arms and legs, nor will they disobey you in what is right - then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.}[Quran 60:12]
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), saw two gold bracelets that Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, was wearing, so he said to her: “Throw the two bracelets, O Asmaa’! Are you not afraid that Allah The Almighty would makeyou wear bracelets of fire?”
 
On hearing this, she took them off immediately without any hesitation and threw them in front of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).
 
Asmaa’ bint Yazeed, may Allah be pleased with her, said,
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) passed by me while I was sitting with my relatives. He greeted us, and said: “Beware of denying favors!”(She said), I was the most daring among them to ask him, so I said, “What do you mean by denying favors, O Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said:“One of you may stay for a long time with her parents then Allah grants her a husband and a child from him, but when she gets angry she says (to her husband), ‘I have never received any good from you.’[Al-Bukhari: Al-Adab Al-Mufrad] [Ahmad: Al-Musnad]
 
Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, had a special status in the heart of the Mother of the Believers, ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, as it was Asmaa’ who beautified her on the day she was married to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). Hence, Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, was known as “Asmaa’ of ‘Aa’ishah” or “Asmaa’ the hairdresser of ‘Aa’ishah”. [Usd Al-Ghaabah]
 
Asmaa’ the Mujaahidah
 
Asmaa’, may Allah be pleased with her, never stopped participating in Jihaad. In the thirteenth year after Hijrah, she went to Ash-Shaam (greater Syria) to take her place in the army of Muslims in the Battle of Al-Yarmook to provide the soldiers with water and treat the injured among them. Not only this, but she also participated in fighting and killed nine of Romans with the pole of her tent. She lived a long time after that until she died in the time of Yazeed ibn Mu‘aawiyah.
 
‘Abd ibn Humayd  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said that Umm Salamah Al-Ansaariyyah was Asmaa’ bint Yazeed ibn Al-Muwatta’. She witnessed the Battle of Al-Yarmook and killed nine people that day with the pole of her tent and lived for a long time after this.
 
Ath-Thahabi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said that Asmaa’ bint Yazeed ibn Al-Muwatta’ ibn Raafi‘ ibn Imri’ Aalaaf Al-Ash’haliyyah Al-Ansaariyyah, the Female Orator. Al-Bukhari  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him narrated two of her Hadeeths. She witnessed the Battle of Al-Yarmook and killed nine people that day with the pole of her tent. She was known as Umm Salamah and Umm ‘Aamir. Mujaahid  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him and others narrated some of her Hadeeths.
 
Among those who narrated her Hadeeths were Mahmood ibn Muhammad, Shahr ibn Hawshab, Is’haaq ibn Raashid  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them and others.
 
Asmaa’ died in the thirtieth year after Hijrah. may Allah be pleased with her and reward her and may He guide the believers to follow her example.

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