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Umaamah bint Abi Al-‘Aas: Granddaughter of the Prophet

Tuesday 15/06/2010

 

Her Lineage
She was the granddaughter of the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), Umaamah bint Abi Al-‘Aas ibn Ar-Rabee‘, may Allah be pleased with her. Her mother was Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).
Her grandmother from her father's side was Haalah, and from her mother's side is Khadeejah, both the daughters of Khuwaylid, may Allah be pleased with them all.
 
Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was very young when she emigrated to Madeenah together with her mother to follow the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alyhi wa sallam.
 
Her mother, Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her, died after a chronic illness, when Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was still very young. Although Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was at a young age, she stood by her mother supporting her throughout her illness and tending to her until she died, may Allah be pleased with her. After her mother's death, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), loved her greatly, seeing in her his deceased daughter.
 
The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), raised Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, from the time she was born, disciplining her according to the Prophetic morals, loving her dearly, to the extent that he carried her while he was praying.
 
Abu Qataadah, may Allah be pleased with him, said,
The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) came out to us carrying Umaamah, the daughter of Abu Al-‘Aas on his shoulder, and he stood to lead the congregational prayer, and we lined up for prayer behind him, while she remained upon his shoulder.
 
He [entered into prayer] said: "Allahu Akbar (Allah is Great)" and we also [entered into prayer and] said, "Allahu Akbar." When the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) wanted to perform Rukoo‘ (bowing), he put her down first and then he performed both the Rukoo‘ and the Sujood (prostration).
 
When he finished his Sujood and got up, he carried her with him placing her upon his shoulder. The Messenger of Allah continued [doing this] throughout the Rak‘ahs (units) of the prayer until the prayer was completed.”[1]
 
 
Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was one of the women that the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), loved most.
 
It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), came to his family with an onyx necklace, and he said: "I shall give it to the one who is most beloved to me". It was thought that he would give it to the daughter of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them. However, he called the daughter of Abu Al-‘Aas from [his daughter] Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her, and he dressed her in it with his [blessed] hands,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). There was Ramas (solid eye discharge) in her eyes and he touched it with his hand.
 
In the narration by ‘Aa‘ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, of this Hadeeth (narration), she said that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), was given an onyx necklace as a gift, and he said he would present it to one of his family members. The women said it shall go to the daughter of Abu Quhaafah (meaning ‘Aa'ishah). But, the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), called Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, the daughter of Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her, and put it around her neck.[2]
 
The tears of Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, had just begun to dry after the death of her mother, when in the year 11 AH an enormous trial afflicted the Muslims in general and Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, in particular when the greatest creation of Allah The Almighty, Muhammad,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), passed away.
 
Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, began to feel the pain and harshness of life, as those beloved to her began to depart from the world one after the other.
 
She then lived with her compassionate aunt, Faatimah, may Allah be pleased with her, the best of the women of the worlds. She gave her love and care, but soon she also became ill and bed-ridden, and succumbed to her illness.
 
Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, feared that her aunt would pass away as did the remainder of her loved ones before her, and her fear came true.
 
There remained no one for her [of her close relatives] except her beloved, warm-hearted father, Abu Al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him. In the year 12 A H Abu Al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, died, leaving Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, on her own. He had appointed as a guardian for his daughter his maternal uncle Az-Zubayr ibn Al-‘Awwaam, may Allah be pleased with him, the Disciple of the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and his wife Asmaa‘, may Allah be pleased with her, and he requested that they take good care of her.
 
‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, may Allah be pleased with him, marries Umaamah
 
In ‘Asad Al-Ghaabah, it is narrated that Faatimah, may Allah be pleased with her, advised her husband, the Commander of the Believers, ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib to marry (after her death) Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, her niece from her sister Zaynab, may Allah be pleased with her.[3]
 
Faatimah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, regarding this request to her husband, "To my sons she will be like me in sympathy and affection."
In another narration, "She is my niece and she will be kind to my sons."
 
When Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, grew up, ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, carried out his late wife's request, and he married Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, during the Caliphate of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khataab, may Allah be pleased with him, and their marriage lasted for twenty-five years, during which she did not have any children from him.[4]
 
Then in Ramadan in the year 40 A H, Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, was distressed by the sudden death of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, may Allah be pleased with him, by the vile murderer Ibn Muljim.
 
‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib may Allah be pleased with him, Enjoins on his Deathbed
 
‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, asked his son Al-Hasan, may Allah be pleased with him, to carry out Al-Qisaas (legal retribution) against his murderer without mutilating his body.
 
‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, also told his wife, Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, "If you have need for a man, I am content with Al-Mugheerah ibn Nawfal for you as a husband."
 
On hearing of this, Al-Mugheerah ibn Nawfal, may Allah be pleased with him, visited Al-Hasan, may Allah be pleased with him, while he was together with the men from Banu Haashim [his relatives]. He requested from him the hand of Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, in marriage; and they were married, and all those who were sitting with Al-Hasan, may Allah be pleased with him, witnessed the marriage agreement; thus, he carried out his father's request.
 
Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, lived for some time with Al-Mugheerah ibn Nawfal, may Allah be pleased with him, until Allah The Exalted decreed that her life on earth comes to an end. She died without having any offspring.
 
Biographers have agreed that Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with her, and her two maternal aunts, Ruqayyah and ‘Umm Kulthoom, may Allah be pleased with them, did not have children. They agree that the only offspring of the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ), who had offspring was his daughter Faatimah, may Allah be pleased with her.
 
Points of Benefit:
 
·         It is permissible to carry a toddler during prayer.
·         It is permissible for a man to give a gift to some members of his family apart from the others.
·         It is permissible to enjoin an action or make a will on the deathbed.
·         A will must be carried out.

 


[1] Al-Bukhari (516), (5996), Section: Carrying a Female Toddler upon his Shoulder; Muslim (543), Section: The Permissibility of Carrying Male Toddlers
[2]Ibn Sa‘d in Al-Tabaqat (8/40); Misnad Ahmed; Abu Ya‘lee; At-Tabarani in Al-Mu‘jam Al-Kabeer; Majma‘ Al-Zawa‘id (9/255).
[3]Asad Al-Ghabah (7/22)
[4] öAsad Al-Ghabah

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