The Mujaahid - Abu Ayyoob Al-Ansaari

The Mujaahid - Abu Ayyoob Al-Ansaari
  • Publish date:30/04/2013
  • Section:Companions
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He is Abu Ayyoob Al-Ansaari Khaalid ibn Zayd, May Allah Be Pleased with him. He was the grandson of Maalik ibn An-Najjaar and his mother was Hind bint Sa‘eed. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) made him the brother of Mus‘ab ibn ‘Umayr, May Allah Be Pleased with them. He witnessed the Second Pledge of Al-‘Aqabah.

After a long journey in which the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) migrated from Makkah to Al-Madeenah, crowds of Muslims in Al-Madeenah went out to receive the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). They gathered around his she-camel trying to take hold of its reins in order to host him. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said to them: “Leave it (the she-camel)! It is commanded!” [Al-Bayhaqi]

The procession of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) continued on its way passing by the Hayy (district) of the Banu Saa‘idah, the Banu Al-Haarith and the Banu ‘Adiyy. From each district, some people tried to obstruct the way of the she-camel hoping that they would be honored by hosting the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) in their homes. Each time, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said to them: “Leave it (the she-camel)! It is commanded!” [Al-Bayhaqi]

It was the Decree of Allah The Almighty Alone which chose the place where the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) stayed because this place would have a great status. Over that place, the mosque which radiates rays of guidance and light illuminating the whole universe would be built. Beside that mosque, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) would live in humble rooms.
Before the house of Maalik ibn An-Najjaar, the she-camel knelt down, then stood, went around the place and then returned to the first place. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) dismounted his camel feeling joyful. One of the Muslims, Abu Ayyoob, who was overwhelmed by delight, headed to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) carried the luggage into his home and asked the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) to enter.

Abu Ayyoob had a two-storey house. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) chose to stay on the first floor. Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, stayed on the upper floor. However, he could not sleep that night because he could not imagine that he was sleeping in a place that was higher than the place of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). In the night, water wetted the ground of Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him. So, he and his wife wiped it with their cover lest the water should drop on the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ).

In the morning, Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, went to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) and beseeched him to stay on the upper floor. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) responded to his request. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) remained in the house of Abu Ayyoob until the building of his mosque was finished where a room was built for him by the mosque.

Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, liked Jihaad. Since witnessing the Second Pledge of Al-‘Aqabah until the middle of the first century after Hijrah, he led an eventful life of continuous Jihaad. He was never reluctant or lazy to join a battle. He witnessed all the battles with the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). He never remained behind any battle with the Muslims except a battle where the commander of the Muslim army was a young man with whom Abu Ayyoob was not satisfied. However, after a while, Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, regretted his stance and said, “The one who is appointed as my commander does not know me.” Then, he went out and joined the army.

Despite the fact that he was more than eighty years, he responded to the caller for Jihaad to go to Constantinople. He carried his sword on his shoulder and said, “Allah The Almighty Ordered us to go for Jihaad in every situation. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Go forth, whether light or heavy} [Quran 9:41]”

Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, was injured during this battle. When the commander of the army, Yazeed ibn Mu‘aawiyah, visited him and asked him about his need, Abu Ayyoob, May Allah Be Pleased with him, said, “When I die, carry me and bury me in the land of the enemy.” He added, “I will narrate to you a Hadeeth that I heard from the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ): ‘Whoever dies without associating any partner with Allah will enter Paradise.’ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]”

His wish was fulfilled. In the morning, the Romans said to the Muslims, “Something great happened to you last night.” The Muslims said, “One of the greatest Companions of our Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) who was among the early people to embrace Islam, died yesterday and we buried him where you saw us. By Allah, if you disturb his grave, you will never be allowed to practice your rites in the Arab lands as long as we rule them.” The Romans used to take care of the grave and visit it.

He was ascetic and did not like extravagance or luxury. Once he visited a Muslim and found him decorating his home with curtains. He nodded his head in disapproval and left them. He was one of the devout worshippers at night and a brave fighter during the day.

He loved Jihaad and wished for martyrdom. He remained in this state until he met his Lord after a hard life that he spent as a soldier relinquishing attachment to the worldly life. He went forth with his self and property to the east and the west to free people from worshipping people to worship the Lord of people and to lead a happy life in Islam.

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