Excellence of the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah - I

Excellence of the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah - I
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There are many texts indicating the excellence of these days:

First: Allah The Exalted Says (what means): {By the dawn, And [by] the ten nights.} [Quran 89:1-2] Many of the scholars of Tafseer (Quranic exegesis) are of the view that these ten nights are of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, and this is the sound view. It is not proved that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) specified them.

Second: The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) gave testimony that these ten days are the greatest days of this world. There are many Ahadeeth (narrations) in this meaning. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "‘There are no days on which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than on these ten days.’ They (the Companions  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them) said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, even (better than observing) Jihaad for the sake of Allah?’ He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: ‘Even (better than observing) Jihaad for the sake of Allah, except for one who went out (for Jihaad) with himself and his wealth and returned with nothing of this.’

In another Hadeeth, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "There are no days on which righteous deeds are greater in the sight of Allah and dearer to Him than on these ten days. So, intensify Tahleel (saying: La Ilaaha Illallah "there is no one worthy of being worshiped but Allah"), Takbeer (saying: Allahu Akbar "Allah is The Greatest") and Tahmeed (saying: Al-hamdu lillaah "praise be to Allah")." 

The two Ahadeeth indicate that each day of these ten days is better than any other day of the year, whether it is a Friday or not. Friday on these ten days is better than any other Friday, because it gathers the two virtues (the virtue of the ten days as well as the virtue of Friday).

Third: The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) urged Muslims to do righteous deeds during these days and commanded intensifying Tahleel and Takbeer.

Fourth: They include the day of ‘Arafah (the 9th day of Thul-Hijjah) and the day of Nahr (the 10th day of Thul-Hijjah).

Fifth: They include all the fundamental acts of worship: prayer, fasting, charity and Hajj. This is not available in other seasons.

Types of righteous deeds during these ten days:

When the virtue of a certain time is proved, the virtue of righteous deeds during this time is proved as well. Moreover, the Prophetic texts indicate that righteous deeds are dearer to Allah The Almighty during these days than at any other time. Consequently, the virtue of righteous deeds during these ten days is proved from two ways.

As for the types of righteous deeds, they are as follows:

First: Sincere repentance

Repentance to Allah The Almighty is to return to Him by abandoning everything He hates outwardly and inwardly and doing everything He likes outwardly and inwardly, with regret for the past, abandoning the deed in the present and determination not to return in the future. Things that are repented from include abandoning religious duties as well as doing what is forbidden. A Muslim is required to repent as soon as he does an act of disobedience at any time. That is because one does not know when he will die.

Moreover, misdeeds lead to more misdeeds; and the gravity as well as the punishment of the acts of disobedience increase according to the virtue of the time and place in which they are committed. Allah The Exalted Says (what means): {O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance….} [Quran 66:8] Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, "The sincere repentance implies three things: repentance from all sins, true determination (not to repeat the sin) and refining repentance from all blemishes and defects. This is the most perfect form of repentance."

Second: Performing Hajj and 'Umrah

Hajj and 'Umrah are included in the deeds of these ten days because most of the Hajj rituals are performed during these days. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) encouraged and urged Muslims to perform these two great acts of worship. This purifies the soul from the traces of sin and disobedience so that one becomes eligible to be honored by Allah The Almighty in the Hereafter.

Third: Constant observance of religious obligations

This means observing the religious obligations in their prescribed fixed times, in a perfect manner and according to the Sharee’ah-approved way which is reported from the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) along with observing what is recommended as well as the etiquettes. Obligations should be the slave's first concern.

It was narrated in a Qudsi Hadeeth (sacred narration) that Allah The Exalted said:

"I will declare war against a person who shows hostility to one of My Allies (devout slaves). The most beloved thing with which My slave comes nearer to Me is what I have made obligatory on him; and My slave keeps drawing closer to Me through performing voluntary acts of worship until I love him. When I love him I will be his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks (something) from Me, I will give him, and if he asks My Refuge), I will protect him."

Commenting on the Hadeeth, Al-Haafith  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, "Performing the obligatory acts of worship according to the Sharee’ah-approved manner implies surrendering to the command, respecting the One Who obliged these commandments, exalting Him, obeying Him. Performing them also shows the greatness of Lordship and humiliation of servitude. Therefore, performing the obligatory acts of worship is the greatest deed." Constant performance of the obligatory acts of worship is one of the praiseworthy characteristics of the slaves of Allah. Allah The Exalted Says (what means): {And those who [carefully] maintain their prayer.} [Quran 70:34]

Constant performance of the obligatory acts of worship is asserted during these days because Allah The Almighty likes righteous deeds during them and multiplies the reward.

 

Excellence of the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah - II

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