The Rulings and Etiquettes of Visiting Madeenah - I‎‎‎‎

The Rulings and Etiquettes of Visiting Madeenah - I‎‎‎‎
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‎"A prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in other mosques except Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (in Makkah).” Visiting the mosque of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is an act of Sunnah (tradition) and it can be done before or after performing Hajj. It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him that ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “A prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in other mosques except Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (in Makkah).” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said:‎‎‎

‘Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him narrated that ‎‎‎ ‎‎the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “A prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in other mosques except Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (in Makkah) and a prayer in Al-Masjid Al-Haraam is better than one hundred prayers in this Masjid of mine.” [Ahmad, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan] ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎

It was narrated on the authority of Jaabir  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “A prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in other mosques except Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (in Makkah) and a prayer in Al-Masjid Al-Haraam is better than one hundred thousand prayers in any other mosque.” [Ahmad and Ibn Maajah] ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎There are many Ahadeeth (narrations) that indicate this meaning.‎‎‎

When one reaches the mosque, it is recommended to enter with the right foot and say: "Bismillaah wa as-salaatu wa-assalaamu ‘ala rasoolillaah. A‘oothu billaahi Al-‘Atheem wa biwajhihi al-kareem wa sultaanihi al-qadeem min ash-shaytaan ar-rajeem; al-hamdulillaah; Allahumma iftah li abwaaba rahmatik (In the name of Allah, and may His peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. I seek refuge with Allah, the Great and with His honorable Face, and with His eternal Sovereignty from the accursed devil. O Allah, open the gates of Your Mercy for me).‎‎‎ ‎‎This supplication should be said when entering any mosque as the mosque of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) does not have a special supplication that is peculiar to it.

After this, one should pray two Rak‘ahs and supplicate Allah The Almighty with what he likes pertaining to this life and the Hereafter. If one manages to pray these two Rak‘ahs in the Rawdhah, this would be better as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “Between my house and my pulpit is one of the gardens from the gardens of Paradise.” After praying, one should visit the grave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) and stand before the grave respectfully and say in a low voice, ‎‎‎Assalaamu ‘alayka yaa rasoolallaah wa-Rahmatullaahi wa-Barakaatuh (May the peace, blessings and mercy of Allah be upon you, O Messenger of Allah).

It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him that the‎‎ ‎‎ Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “No one greets me with salaam but Allah returns my soul to me to return the greeting.” [Abu Daawood: Hasan] ‎‎ ‎‎It is alright to say, "Peace be upon you, O Prophet of Allah! Peace be upon you, O best of mankind. Peace be upon you, O master of the messengers and exemplar of the righteous. I bear witness that you have delivered the message, fulfilled the trust, and given sincere advice and striven for Allah with the striving due to Him," as these are all attributes of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). Allah The Almighty Says (what means):‎‎ ‎‎‎{O you who have believed, ask [ Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.} [Quran 33:56]

After this, one should greet Abu Bakr and ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them. ‎‎‎ ‎When greeting the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) and his two Companions, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them Ibn ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him used to say, “Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah; peace be upon you, O Abu Bakr; peace be upon you, O my father," and he would leave. Visiting the graves is lawful for men. Women should not visit the graves as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) cursed women who visit graves frequently and those who build mosques over graves.

As for visiting Madeenah in order to visit the mosque of the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) supplicate Allah The Almighty in it and do similar acts that are lawful in all other mosques, it is permissible for both men and women, as there are many Ahadeeth that prove this.‎ ‎It is permissible for the visitor to pray the five obligatory prayers in the mosque of the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) to supplicate Allah The Almighty and remember Him a lot, and to pray supererogatory prayers in order to attain the great reward given for these deeds when performed in the mosque of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ). It is also recommended to pray in Ar-Rawdhah Ash-Shareefah as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “Between my house and pulpit is one of the gardens of Paradise.” As for the obligatory prayers, one should hasten to perform them and be keen on joining the first row as much as possible even if he prays in the eastern extension. It was narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) used to encourage people to pray in the first row as he said: “Were people to know the blessing of pronouncing Athaan and standing in the first row, they would even draw lots to secure these privileges." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Rulings and Etiquettes of Visiting Madeenah - II

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