I am living in Jeddah. My wife’s father came to visit us two weeks ago. We went to visit Madeenah. He has intended, while he was in Jeddah, that he might do ‘Umrah after visiting Madeenah. My question is, is it obligatory upon him to assume Ihraam from Abyaar ‘Ali or can he reach Jeddah and assume Ihraam from it and then go do ‘Umrah after one or two days?
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger.
If your father-in-law resolved to do ‘Umrah after visiting Madeenah without hesitation, then it is obligatory upon him to assume Ihraam from Thul Hulayfah, the Meeqaat of the people of Madeenah i.e. Abyaar ‘Ali, and it is not permissible for him to delay assuming Ihraam until Jeddah, for the Prophet said regarding Meeqaats: "… and these (Meeqaats) are for the people at those very places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and 'Umrah; and whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhraam from the place he starts from…" [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
However, if he was not resolved to do ‘Umrah or hesitated whether to do it or not, he is not obliged to assume Ihraam from Thul Hulayfah, and he can go to Jeddah, and whenever he is resolved to do ‘Umrah, he can assume Ihraam from it, for the Prophet said in the Hadeeth stated above: “And whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhraam from the place he starts from.”
Allah Knows best.