Making up fast for Ramadan

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  • Publish date:01/08/2010
  • Section:Fasting
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Question:

Is it ok to make intention in the morning to make up fast for Ramadan? 

Fatwa:

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. We ask Allah to exalt his mention as well as that of his family and all his companions.

Fasting an obligatory day is not valid unless one makes the intention by night, be it the month of Ramadan, making up for a missed day of Ramadan or fasting a vow. As the whole day must be fasted, a previous intention has to be made like other acts of worship. Concerning the voluntary fasting, the scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them differed whether or not the intention has to be made by night. 

The first opinion: The opinion of the majority of scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them who consider that the intention does not have to be made by night. However, they are of the view that it is a condition that no nullifiers of fasting should have occurred from Fajr time until the time one makes the intention to fast. Their evidence about this is the narration reported by Muslim and others  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them that 'Aa'ishah , may Allah be pleased with her, said: "The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) entered once to my room and said: "Do you have any food? I replied: "No." So the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "In this case I am going to fast."

The second opinion: The opinion of some scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them who are of the view that it is a condition to have the intention whether it is an obligatory fasting or a voluntary fasting. This is the view of Maaliki School. Their evidence is the narration reported by Ahmad in his Musnad, and Ibn Khuzaymah in his authentic narration, and others, may Allah have mercy on all of them, that Hafsah , may Allah be pleased with her, the mother of the believers, narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "Whoever has not made the intention before Fajr to fast, it is as if he has not fasted."

The majority of scholars  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  them  are of the view that the narration of Hafsah , may Allah be pleased with her, if it is authentic, is general whereby the narration of 'Aa'ishah , may Allah be pleased with her, is specific to voluntary fasting.

Allah knows best.

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

 

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