Hajj on behalf of others…or charity to the poor

Thursday 26/09/2013
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Question

Some time ago, I made the intention of performing Hajj on behalf of my grandfathers and grandmothers after I had performed Hajj on behalf of my parents out of dutifulness to them. However, due to many considerations, the most important of which is the condition of the Ummah of Islam and the injustice, hunger and illnesses suffered by its members and due to their need for food, drink, medicine and education, do you find that it is better that I give the money that I specified for Hajj in charity? Is it considered Hajj for the deceased or is it better to perform Hajj on their behalf?

Fatwa

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His Slave and Messenger.

Since you have performed the obligatory Hajj, then giving the expenses of Hajj in charity to those in need of food, drink, shelter and medicine is worthier, better and greater in reward in the sight of Allah than voluntary Hajj or performing Hajj on behalf of grandfathers, grandmothers and even fathers and mothers. That is because if they cannot afford Hajj, they have got an excuse, and Hajj on their behalf becomes recommended in this case. If they can afford it, then the expenses of Hajj and ‘Umrah are to be taken from their properties (or estates if they are deceased).

In general, if you can perform both matters, this is good so that you give charity to the needy and perform Hajj on behalf of your grandfathers and grandmothers.

May Allah reward you for your concern with the conditions of the Ummah of Islam. We ask Allah to amend the conditions of the Muslims.

Allah Knows best.

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