Hajj and the Four Types of People - I

Hajj and the Four Types of People - I
  • Publish date:10/10/2010
  • Section:Highlights
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·          {O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].} [Quran 3:102]

·          {O mankind, fear your Lord, Who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through Whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.} [Quran 4:1]

·          {O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.} [Quran 33:70-71]

It should be known to you, dear reader, that Allah The Almighty has special seasons and gifts which He confers upon whomever He favors of His slaves. Happy is the one who avails himself of those times, and comes close to his Lord, the Lord of the heavens and earth, perchance he would receive one of those gifts, which would make him happy and save him from being wretched.

Among these blessed times are the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah. They are the best days in this World, during which Allah The Almighty legislated Hajj (pilgrimage) to His Sacred House.

Hajj is one of the great pillars and fundamentals of Islam, and one of the best and the most glorious acts of worship that bring one close to Allah The Almighty, and please the Lord of the heavens and earth. It is the act of worship [that is to be performed once] in the entire lifetime, the crowning accomplishment of religious obligations, the perfection of Islam and completion of faith.

During Hajj, all the people [Muslims] stand in one place and hear the Statement of Allah The Almighty (which means):

·          {And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves - then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.} [Quran 3:97]

·          {And complete the Hajj and ‘Umrah for Allah.} [Quran 2:196]

They also hear the statement of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), that is proven in both Saheehs: "Islam is built on five (pillars)… (including) and making Hajj to the House (the Ka‘bah) for whoever is able to find thereto a way." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

They also hear the statement of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), according to the narration of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, in his reply when he was asked, “‘What is the best of deeds?’ He replied: ‘To believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad).’ The questioner then asked, ‘What comes next (in goodness)?’ He replied: ‘To make Jihaad  in the cause of Allah.’ The questioner again asked, ‘What comes next (in goodness)?’ He replied: ‘To perform Hajj Mabroor (that is accepted by Allah as it is performed with the sole intention of seeking the pleasure of Allah, and in accordance with the Sunnah (tradition) of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )).’” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

According to the wording of Imaam Ahmad  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him on the authority of Maa‘iz, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was asked about the best of deeds, thereupon he said: "To have faith in Allah alone, then take part in Jihaad (fighting in the cause of Allah), and then perform an accepted Hajj that excels all deeds (whose reward is as much) as what is between the rising and setting of the sun." [Ahmad]

According to the narration of Ibn Hibbaan on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: "The best deeds in the sight of Allah are faith in which there is no doubt, fighting (in the cause of Allah) in which there is no unfaithful acting regarding the war booty and Hajj Mabroor." [Ibn Hibbaan]

Thus, people have been divided into four types, consider then to which of them you belong.

The first type: Those who have money and who long for the Sacred House of Allah:

It is those who assume Ihraam (clothes worn in the sacral state), set out to the Sacred House and fill the horizons with Talbiyah, Takbeer, Tahleel, Tahmeed, reciting: "Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Innal-hamda wan-ni‘mata laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka laka (I am responding to Your call O Allah, I am responding to Your call! I am responding to Your call, You have no partner with You, I am responding to Your call. All perfect praise and favor belong to You, and dominion is Yours. You have no partner with You)”.

1- Blessed be this type of people! Why not, since Allah The Almighty appreciates their effort and forgives their sin?

Whoever sets out to the House (Ka‘bah for Hajj), his previous sins would be forgiven for him.

a- In this context, it was narrated on the authority of ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said, "When Allah put the love of Islam in my heart, I came to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, stretch out your right hand so that I would give you the pledge of allegiance.’ When he stretched out his right hand, I withdrew mine. He said: ‘What is the matter with you, O ‘Amr?’ I replied, ‘I want to put a certain condition.’ He asked: ‘What condition?’ I said, ‘That I would be granted forgiveness.’ He said: ‘Do you not know that Islam effaces all the previous misdeeds committed before it, and that Hijrah effaces all the previous misdeeds committed before it as well as Hajj that effaces all the previous misdeeds committed before it?’” [Muslim]

Allah The Almighty then made setting out to the House (for Hajj) a reason for effacing all previous sins, erasing all preceding wrongdoings and faults, removing all prior mistakes and causing the pilgrim to get rid of his sins and become as pure (sinless) as he was on the day his mother gave birth to him.

b- It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said that he heard the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), say: “Whoever performs Hajj for the sake of Allah during which he neither has sexual relation (with his wife), nor disobeys nor sins, then he will return (after Hajj as sinless) as he was on the very day his mother gave birth to him." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

In his comment on the previous Hadeeth, Al-Haafith  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said in Fat-h Al-Baari, "It seems to refer to forgiving all sins, be they major or minor, and their evil consequences."

This Hadeeth is among the strongest evidences in support of Ibn Maajah's narration on the authority of Al-‘Abbaas ibn Mirdaas.

It was narrated on the authority of Al-‘Abbaas ibn Mirdaas that the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), invoked forgiveness for his Ummah (Muslim nation) in the evening (prior to the day) of ‘Arafah, and his invocation received answer (from Allah The Almighty Saying what means):

“‘I have forgiven them save the wrongdoer, from whom I take up the right of the wronged one.’ The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: ‘O Lord! If You so like, You could give the wronged one from Paradise, and forgive the wrongdoer!’ However, he received no answer on that evening. When morning came upon him and he was at Muzdalifah, he repeated the invocation, and then received the answer for what he asked. On that the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) laughed (or he (the narrator) said smiled). Abu Bakr said, ‘Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! You never used to laugh at that time. What caused you to laugh, may Allah keep you cheerful?’ On that he said, ‘When Satan, the enemy of Allah, knew that Allah fulfilled my invocation and forgave all of my Ummah, he took dust and started throwing it over his head, invoking destruction upon himself. Thus, I laughed upon seeing him so grieved.’” [Ibn Maajah and Ahmad]

This is the opinion adopted by the majority of scholars, i.e. (Hajj leads to) forgiveness of all sins. Some of them deduced that opinion from the fact that Allah The Almighty boasts to the angels [on account] of the pilgrims, for the angels are purified from all evil, and Allah would not boast to such a creation that is purified from all evil of someone unless the latter is also purified from all evil.

Furthermore, Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {but He Forgives what is less than that for whom He wills.} [Quran 4:48] i.e. their wronging each other but not Shirk (polytheism).

In his comment on the following Hadeeth of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ): “Whoever performs Hajj for the sake of Allah during which he neither has sexual relation (with his wife), nor disobeys nor sins, then he will return (after Hajj as sinless) as he was on the very day his mother gave birth to him",Al-Munaawi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said in Faydh Al-Qadeer, “It means the pilgrim's being purified from sins, and it includes major and minor sins. That is the opinion of Al-Qurtubi and ‘Iyaadh. However, At-Tabari said, ‘In relation to wrongdoings, it is construed to address the one who repents but fails to amend them.’”

At-Tirmithi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “It addresses only the sins that pertain to the right of Allah not of the slaves. However, the right itself does not lapse. If one has a prayer to perform, only the sin of delaying it, and not the prayer itself, lapses.”

To avoid that difference among scholars, whoever intends to perform Hajj should first fulfill the debt that is due on him, efface wrongdoings, turn to Allah The Almighty in repentance and show regret, before setting out to the Sacred House of Allah.

Hajj and The Four Types of People - II

Hajj and The Four Types of People - III

Hajj and The Four Types of People - IV

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