Sexual intercourse after hearing the Athaan of Maghrib but before sunset

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Question:

What is the expiation for having sexual intercourse deliberately thinking that time of breaking the fast was due after hearing the Athaan of Maghrib from a remote Masjid (Mosque)?

Fatwa:

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) is His Slave and Messenger.

As long as intercourse took place after hearing the Athaan, there would be no blame on them. They are not required to make expiation. If one later discovered that the sun had not set and that the caller announced the Athaan by mistake, there would still be no expiation on them because they thought that the night had come and the day had elapsed. They are only required to make up for that day because Allah The Almighty forgave what His slaves commit by mistake or out of forgetfulness. An-Nawawi  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said that the man who had sexual intercourse [in a day in Ramadan] thinking that the sun has set or the dawn did not break and later discovered otherwise would only make up for that fast (without any expiation). This is the opinion of Abu Haneefah, Maalik, Ahmad, Abu Thawr and the majority of scholars.

Therefore, the preponderant opinion is that there no expiation is required from them, but they are still required to make up for that day if they realized that they were mistaken about the setting of the sun. If there was not a mistake and the sun had really set then no making up or expiation will be due on them.

Allah Knows best.

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