Ramadan, Ramadhaan, Fasting Islamweb
 1 Ramadan - The French army reached Al-Mansoorah (in Egypt) after conquering Dumyat - 647 A.H. - The death of Avicenna (Ibn Seena), the Muslim physician and philosopher who was the first to write on medicine in the Islamic World - 428 A.H. - Al-Qarawiyyeen Mosque was built in Fes (Morocco) - 245 A.H.     
Saturday, August 17, 2019
Thul-Hijjah 16, 1440
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It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Fasting is a shield (from Hell)." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Another narration by Ahmad, may Allah ...

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RAMADAN 1440 > Zakaat Al-Fitr >

Zakatul-Fitr and The \'Eed

Zakatul-Fitr

Zakatul-Fitr is an obligatory charity on every Muslim at the end of the month of Ramadan. Ibn 'Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them said: "The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) enjoined the payment of one Saa’ (a volume measure corresponding approximately to the volume of 5 lb) of dates or one Saa’ of barley as Zakat al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to purify the one who has fasted from any type of indecent act or speech he might have committed while fasting. It also helps the poor and the needy. Ibn 'Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said: "The Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) enjoined Zakat al-Fitr on the one who fasts to shield him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy." [Abu Daawood and Ibn Maajah]

The Amount of Zakatul-Fitr

As the first Hadeeth indicated, the amount of Zakatul-Fitr is one Saa’. Saa’ is a volume measure corresponding approximately to the volume of 5 lb of good wheat. The material of the Zakat can be either dates, barley, wheat, rice, corn or similar items considered as basic foods. Abu Sa'eed  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said: "We used to give for Zakatul-Fitr on behalf of every child, aged person, free man or slave during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) one Saa’ of food, or one Saa’ of dried yogurt, or one Saa’ of barley, or one Saa’ of dates, or one Saa’ of raisins." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Time for Zakatul-Fitr

Zakatul-Fitr has to be paid by the end of Ramadan. There are two times to pay Zakatul-Fitr. Either one or two days before 'Eed as 'Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them used to do, or the day of 'Eed before the 'Eed prayer. Ibn 'Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them reported that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) ordered them to pay Zakatul-Fitr before they go out to perform the 'Eed Prayer. If Zakatul-Fitr is paid after the 'Eed Prayer, it will only be considered as regular charity. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "If one pays Zakat al-Fitr before the Salat, it is considered an accepted Zakat, if he pays it after the Salat, it is considered an ordinary charity." [Abu Daawood]

Zakatul-Fitr is to be given to the same eight categories or people as in the other types of Zakat. Some scholars say that the poor and the needy are the most deserving ones since the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said that it had "...the purpose of providing food for the needy."

'Eed al-Fitr

Playing, recreation, and eating on the day of 'Eed:

These are permissible as long as they stay within the acceptable bounds of Islam. Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said: “When the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) came to Al-Madeenah, they had two days for amusement. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) has exchanged these days for two better days: the day of breaking the fast and the day of sacrifice.” [An-Nasaa'i and Ibn Hibbaan]

Taking women and children to the prayer area:

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to take his wives and daughters to the two 'Eeds. Umm Atiyah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her said: "We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two 'Eeds in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women though would stay away from the prayer area." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Going to the prayer area:

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to go to the prayer area on foot. Jaabir  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated: "On the days of 'Eed, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) would go to the prayer area by one route and come back by another route." [Al-Bukhari]

Eating before going to the prayer area:

Since 'Eed al-Fitr is the day on which Muslims break their Ramadan fast, it is preferable to eat before going to the 'Eed Prayer. It is a Sunnah of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray Salat al-'Eed. Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him reported: "The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) would not go out on the day of 'Eed al-Fitr without eating an odd number of dates." [Al-Bukhari]

Preparation for 'Eed Prayer:

It is preferred to make Ghusl (take a bath), wear one's best clothes and, for men, to put perfume before going to Salat al-'Eed. Ibn al-Qayyim  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: "The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to wear his best clothes for the 'Eed prayers and he had clothes that he reserved for the two 'Eeds and Jumu'ah."

Making Takbeer:

Takbeer starts from the night of 'Eed's eve until the Imam comes out to start the prayer. Allah Says (what means): {……Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah (i.e., say Takbeer) for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.} [Quran 2:185] The form of Takbeer is related by 'Umar and Ibn Mas'ood: "Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaaha illa Allah. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa lillaahil-hamd."

Congratulating each other:

It has been narrated that when the Prophet's Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them met each other on the 'Eed day, they would say to each other: "May Allah accept from us and from you." [Ahmad]

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