Authenticity of narrations about raising hands during the prayer
Fatwa No: 101591

  • Fatwa Date:21-11-2007 - Thul-Qi'dah 12, 1428
  • Rating:

Question

Salam, This is regarding the performace of Salat by our Beloved Prophet (pbuh), in one of your fatwa's # 89001 you have mentiond 15 Sahabi's(Ra) names and some of the Scholar's names regarding raising hands before & after Ruku but you did not mention the references, i will be vvvvv grateful to you if can send me the exact references please. I know it takes lot of time and pain but i need it urgently as my brother wants it then only he wants to follow otherwise he will offer salat like Hanafi's. And one more thing, can we offer prayer behind a Imaam who worship Grave's and believe's in Wasila? Thanks alot for your effort and interest. Inshallah you all will get its reward in Duniya and Akhira. May Allah swt bless you all with all his bounties and mercy, ameen.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

Raising the hands when bowing and when raising up from the bowing position is confirmed from the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )    as clarified in Fatwa raising his hands during the prayer ">89001.

Indeed, Ibn Al-Qayyim  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: "About thirty people narrated that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to raise his hands in these three positions (when starting the prayer,  when bowing and when raising up from the bowing position), and the 10 companions who were given glad tidings to enter Paradise agreed on this narration, and it was never confirmed otherwise, rather this was how he,   sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) performed the prayer until he died."

It is not possible in this Fatwa to quote all the narrations which were reported about the companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them in this regard, however, we are going to mention some of them.

For instance, 'Abdullaah Ibn Az-Zubayr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated: "I prayed behind Abu Bakr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him and he raised his hands when starting the prayer,  when bowing and when raising up from the bowing position." Abu Bakr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him also narrated: "I prayed behind the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) raised his hands when starting the prayer, when bowing and when raising up from the bowing position." [At-Tabaraani and Al-Bayhaqi]

Moreover, the same thing was narrated about 'Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him. [Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithi, Ahmad, and Ibn Khuzaymah]

Also, the same thing was narrated about Ibn 'Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Ahmad]

Maalik Ibn Huwayrith  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him also narrated the same thing about the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). [Al-Bukhari, Muslim, An-Nasaa'i, Abu Daawood and Ahmad]

Besides, Waa'il Ibn Hujr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated the same thing. [Muslim, An-Nasaa'i, and Al-Bayhaqi]

As regards the narration by Al-Baraa'  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him it was reported from him by Al-Bayhaqi  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him.

Moreover, the narration by Abu Humayd As-Saa’idi  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him was reported from him in the presence of ten companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them among whom was Abu Qutaadah, that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to raise his hands when bowing and when raising up from the bowing position. [At-Tirmithi and Ibn Maajah]

The raising of the hands is also confirmed about him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) by Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him [Ibn Maajah] and by Abu Hurayrah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him. [Ahmad and others]

We believe that this is enough evidence for a just person who is not biased and who wants to follow the guidance of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).

As regards praying behind a person who worships the grave, please refer to Fatwa 82989, and to Fatwa 84006 about permissible and impermissible ways of seeking Tawassul (intercession).

Allaah Knows best.

Related Fatwa