The Prophet’s, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, Hijrah was not a political decision
Fatwa No: 115251

  • Fatwa Date:25-11-2008 - Thul-Qi'dah 27, 1429
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Question

Assalamu alaikum.Was Hijra a political decision?A group here claims so.They say after Prophet(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)was made leader and asked by Medinians to go to Medina he decided to migrate to Medina to establish Islamic state.It was Hijra that ultimatley lead to the formation of Islamic state as Allah said to establish religion in 42:13.So aim of Prophet(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)was to establish a state and that is why he took the political decision to migrate.This migration ultimately lead to formation of Islamic state.Is this opinion correct?Was Hijra a political decision?Thank you.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

We cannot say that migration was a political decision but we say that it was an implementation of the Order of Allaah The Almighty to His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to migrate to Madeenah. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said to Abu Bakr  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him – as in the long narration about migration: “I was given permission to go out [migrate].” [Al-Bukhari]

This confirms that migration from non-Muslim countries where one is not safe with regard to his religion is valid until the Day of Judgment, as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Migration does not stop as long as the enemy is fought.” [Ahmad]

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) also said: “Migration does not stop until repentance stops, and repentance does not stop until the sun rises from the West.” [Abu Daawood]

Besides, we do not say that migration was merely in order to establish an Islamic state only, but we say that it had other purposes. The most important of these was for the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) to find a safe and secure place for himself and for his Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them so that he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) would be able to convey the Message of his Lord. It is for this reason that he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to say during the seasons of Hajj: “Who would shelter me, who would support me so that I could convey the Message of my Lord?” [Ahmad] There is no doubt that after this, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was made powerful and so the Islamic state was established.

As regards establishing religion as stated in the verse of Allaah The Almighty (which means): {... to establish the religion...} [Quran 42:13], then the interpreters of the Quran stated that what is meant by it is to act upon religion and it was an order to unite and avoid dissension and division.

Finally, it should be noted that it is known that some prophets did not establish a state with the known meaning of the state, but they worked towards conveying the Message of Allaah The Almighty, and in this case they would have established religion and fulfilled what they were commanded by Allaah The Almighty.

Allaah Knows best.

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