Washing the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, after his death
Fatwa No: 117020

Question

Assalm-u-alaikum Who gave bath to Prophet Mohammed (p.b.u.h) after his death and who lead the salaah.This is very important for me please make it clear.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was washed (when he died) without undressing him. The Companions who washed him were: Al-‘Abbaas, ‘Ali, Al-Fadhl ibn Al-'Abbaas, Qutham ibn Al-‘Abbaas, Shuqraan – who was the freed slave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )Usaamah ibn Zayd, and 'Aws ibn Khawlah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them.

Al-‘Abbaas, Al-Fadhl and Qutham  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them turned him (from side to side), and Usaamah and Shuqraan  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them poured water on him, and ‘Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him washed him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and 'Aws  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him held him to his chest.

Then they enshrouded him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in three pieces of white Sahooli (made in Sahool, a town in Yemen) sheets of cloth made of cotton without a shirt or a turban, and they wrapped him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in them (the three white sheets of cloth).

Then people prayed the funeral prayer for him individually without any person leading the prayer. The scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them said that this is due to the greatness of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and because the Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them were keen on not letting anyone lead the prayer for him, rather, each person would perform the funeral prayer for him directly. They also wanted to let Muslims perform the funeral prayer for him individually – men, women, children and even male and female slaves, and to enable the people who lived around Madeenah to catch up (arrive on time for the funeral prayer).

Moreover, Al-Bazzaar and Al-Haakim  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them reported in a weak narration that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) recommended that no person should lead the funeral prayer for him.

Thus, the Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them performed the funeral prayer for him  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in groups. A group of people would enter the mosque and perform the funeral prayer for him individually, and then another group would enter and do the same.

After men, women and children performed the funeral prayer for him, he was buried in his room where he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) died.

This method of the funeral prayer for the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was reported by the most important books of Seerah (biography of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )) and was generally mentioned in Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Allaah Knows best.

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