A woman is not obliged to perform the Friday prayer
Fatwa No: 117037

Question

salam alaykum wr wb, my question is does a female muslim have to pray jumaaat home. i take a shower then i pray 2 rakas jummah then i pray 4 rakas dhuhr then 2 rakas sunnah all at home. Do i have to do all those if i dont go to masjid

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

The scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them agreed that a woman is not obliged to perform the Friday prayer; for more benefit, please refer to Fatwa 82835.

However, if a woman attends the Friday prayer at the mosque, then this is sufficient for her instead of the Thuhr prayer. But if she prays at home, she should only pray the Thuhr prayer in the same manner she prays it on other days than Friday. Therefore, she should start by praying the Sunnah before the obligatory prayer, then she prays the obligatory prayer of Thuhr, and then she prays the Sunnah after the obligatory prayer. Nonetheless, it is not permissible for her to perform the Friday prayer in her home individually, because among the conditions for the validity of the Friday prayer according to the view of the scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them is that it must be performed in congregation.

Moreover, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "The Friday prayer is an obligation on every Muslim in congregation except four people: a slave, a woman, a boy or a sick person." [Abu Daawood]

Allaah knows best.

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