Why Surah Al-Faatihah did not start with 'Qul' or 'Say'
Fatwa No: 120648

  • Fatwa Date:22-4-2009 - Rabee' Al-Aakhir 27, 1430
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Question

assalm wa alykum
a non muslim asked:
why Surah Al Fatiha did not have a "Qul" or "Say" in the beginning, because it says 'guide us...guide us...' and it is Allah who is saying it...
Can someone clarify?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

First of all, we would like to mention that a Muslim should avoid discussing with the people of falsehood if he does not have enough knowledge to refute their misconceptions so that these misconceptions would not affect his heart and spoil his religion. 

Of course we are very concerned that the truth is clarified to a non-Muslim so that he would be convinced with it, but it is even more important for us to clarify the answer to you so that you will benefit from it.

In answering the question, we would first say that it is Allaah Who revealed the Quran and Who challenged with its eloquence the Arabs who were the speakers of this language to bring a Chapter like it and they were unable to do so. Had they found any defect in its eloquence, they would have declared it.  Secondly, some scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them stated that the verse is assumed to mean: O people say: Al-hamdu lillaahi Rabbil-‘Aalameen. Such assumption is common in the language of the Arabs in which the Quran was revealed and in which the Quran is understood. This is confirmed by the fact that the Quran was revealed in principle in order for the believers to worship Allaah by reciting it; Allaah Says (what means): {And recite, [O Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )], what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord.}[Quran 18:27]

Allaah Knows best.

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