Names of the companions who buried the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
Fatwa No: 130947

Question

I would like to ask you a question related to our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). I would like to know who brought the dead body of Muhammad (S.A.W) to the graveyard.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

Ibn Al-Mulaqqin  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him reported different narrations about the people who buried the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and then he pointed out to how to reconcile these different narrations.

 

The narrations are as follows:

·        “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was buried by ‘Ali, Al-‘Abbaas, and Usaamah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them. Ibn Al-Mulaqqin  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “This Hadeeth is reported by Abu Daawood on the authority of Ismaa’eel ibn Abi Khaalid from ‘Aamir – Ash-Sha’bi – who said, 'It was ‘Ali, Al-Fadhl and Usaamah ibn Zayd who washed the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and it is they who put him in the grave.' Ash-Sha’bi said, "Marhab – or Ibn Abi Marhab – narrated to me, 'They allowed ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf to descend with them (i.e. to the grave). When ‘Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him finished the burial he said, 'It is the family of the dead who (have more right to) bury him.'” Moreover, Ash-Sha’bi narrated from Abu Marhab, “‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf descended to the grave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and he said, 'It is as if I am looking at them, they were four men.'”

·        The Hadeeth of Al-Bayhaqi on the authority of ‘Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him who said, “Four people buried the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ): ''‘Ali, Al-‘Abbaas, Al-Fadhl and Saalih, the slave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).” He said, “Ibn Maajah also reported this Hadeeth as well as Al-Haakim.”

Al-Bayhaqi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him “Those who descended to the grave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) were ‘Ali, Al-Fadhl, Qutham and Shuqraan, the slave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ).” Aws ibn Khawliyy told ‘Ali, “By Allaah and our right in the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) (let me come down)”, then ‘Ali  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him said to him, “Come down.” So he came down with the people and they were five of them. [Ibn Maajah] Al-Bayhaqi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “Shuqraan is Saalih, the slave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) (and his nickname was Shuqraan).”

·        Ibn Hibbaan  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him “The people who entered the grave of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) were: “Al-‘Abbaas, ‘Ali, and Al-Fadhl, and a man from the Ansaar digged the Lahd (a crevice made on the side of the grave facing the Qiblah), and he was the man who dug the Lahd for (the martyrs of) the Ansaar on the Battle of Badr.”

Then Ibn Al-Mulaqqin  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, Note: The way to reconcile these different narrations is that everyone reported what he had seen, or that some of them reported what they had seen at the beginning of the burial and some of them gave more names because they reported what they had seen towards the end of the burial.”

Allaah Knows best.

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