Disbelievers are not to hold positions of authority in a Muslim state
Fatwa No: 1341

  • Fatwa Date:7-3-2012 - Rabee' Al-Aakhir 14, 1433
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Question

Is it permissible to appoint Christians to have positions of authority in Muslim countries?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him has relevant words which we will mention here with slight modifications. He stated that the righteous predecessors  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them held that Muslims should not seek the help of disbelievers in positions of power. To support this fact, they cited the sayings of Allaah (which mean):

{O you who believe, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another.} [Quran 5:51]

{Your ally is none but Allaah and [therefore] His Messenger and those who have believed - those who establish prayer and give Zakah [obligatory charity], and they bow [in worship]. And whoever is an ally of Allaah and His Messenger and those who have believed - indeed, the party of Allaah - they will be the predominant.} [Quran 5:5-56]

{And those who disbelieve are allies of one another.} [Quran 8:73]

Abu Moosa  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him narrated he informed ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him that he had appointed a Christian scribe. ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him reproached him and reminded him of the verse in which Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another.} [Quran 5:51] He then ordered him to replace the Christian scribe with a Muslim. Abu Moosa  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him argued that he benefited from his writing while the scribe bore the sin of his religion. In turn, ‘Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him  explained to him that we must not honor them while Allaah The Almighty has degraded them with disbelief, nor should we dignify them while Allaah The Almighty has humiliated them, nor should we bring them closer to us while Allaah The Almighty has distanced them. [Ahmad: through a sound chain of narration]

Thus, we conclude that it is unanimously prohibited to assign disbelievers, irrespective of their sects and beliefs, to positions of authority.

Allaah Knows best.

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