Muslims congratulating each other after 'Eed prayer in the mosque
Fatwa No: 145825

Question

Dear Sir, Imam of our local mosque said in this year khutba that people must not congradulate each other in the mosque as it is haram. We all must go out of the mosque and congradulate and meet each other. Second he said that asking for dua after eid khutba is also haram. Dua must be asked before khutba. Please guide me in the light of Islamic teaching to which extent this person is right. though he is not quoting any ruling in his defence. he just say that he know the best. thanks Sajjad

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

First of all, we are not aware of any evidence that proves that it is forbidden for Muslims to congratulate each other on the occasion of ‘Eed in the mosque and no jurist has ever issued a Fatwa to this effect. Rather, there is evidence in the Sunnah that it is permissible for Muslims to generally congratulate each other in the mosque as in the story of Ka’b Ibn Maalik  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him  when Allaah accepted his repentance when he stayed behind from the battle of Tabook. Ka’b said: “…until I entered the mosque and people were sitting around the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) then Talhah Ibn ‘Ubaydillaah stood up and hurriedly came to me and shook hands with me and congratulated me...” [Al-Bukhari and others] This is a congratulation in the mosque in the presence of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and his Companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them; it is for this reason that Ibn Hajar  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him when mentioning the benefits of this Hadeeth in "Fat'h Al-Baari", he said: “…and congratulating someone who is blessed with a bounty….

On the other hand, it is not clear to us what is exactly meant by supplicating after the ‘Eed Khutbah, so if by this you mean asking the Imaam to supplicate at the end of the Khutbah in the same manner he supplicates in the Friday Khutbah, then this is permissible and the jurists  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them stated that the ‘Eed Khutbah is like the Friday Khutbah – in general – concerning its rulings. Ibn Qudaamah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said about the two 'Eed Khutbahs: “The features of the two Khutbahs (of ‘Eed) are like the features of the two Friday Khutbahs.” As regards the Friday Khutbah and what is permissible in it, he said: “…It is desirable for the Imaam to supplicate for the believing men and women, for himself and for the people present in the congregation…” Therefore, it is permissible to supplicate in the ‘Eed Khutbah in the same manner this is permissible in the Friday Khutbah.

However, if what you mean is that a Muslim asks another Muslim to supplicate for him, then this is not absolutely unlawful even though some scholars are of the view that it is (generally) less appropriate to do so, but it makes no difference, with respect to the ruling, if this happens before the Khutbah or after it.

Finally, it is acceptable to ask the Imaam to mention the evidence for what he said about the prohibition of the Muslims congratulating each other on the occasion of ‘Eed in the mosque, or the forbiddance of someone asking another to supplicate for him after the 'Eed Khutbah. Indeed, it is not impolite to ask for evidence, and this Imaam should answer your request if he is a knowledgeable person; he should not just say that he knows better than you.

Allaah Knows best.

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