Virtue of the last two verses of Soorat Al-Baqarah
Fatwa No: 223699

Question

Assalaamualaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh Please provide and authenticate the following ahadith regarding the last two verses of Surah Al-Baqarah (Amanar Rasool) which states: 1. that Allah Almighty has sent 'amanar rasool' out of the treasures of Paradise and Allah Almighty had written the two verses by His own hand two thousand years earlier than the creation of all things and beings. 2. one who is able to recite them after the Salah of 'Isha', they will stand for Tahajjiid in his case, 3. Allah Almighty has given amanar rasool out of His grace from out of the special treasure that lies under the 'Arsh(Divine Throne). Jazakallaahu khayran Thank you very much.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

With regard to the last two verses of Soorat Al-Baqarah being sent down from Paradise, then there is a Hadeeth with the wording: “I was given these last verses of Soorat Al-Baqarah from a treasure under the Throne. None before me has been given them, and none after me will be given them.” This Hadeeth was narrated by An-Nasaa’i in As-Sunan Al-Kubra and Ibn Hibbaan in As-Saheeh. Al-Arna’oot said: “Its chain of narrators is Saheeh (sound) according to the conditions of a Saheeh Hadeeth.

We have not found the Hadeeth with the wording “out of the treasures of Paradise”; however, it is proven in the Sunnah that the Throne is above Al-Firdaws (the highest point of Paradise) as in the Hadeeth which reads: “If you were to ask Allaah for anything, ask Him for Al-Firdaws, for it is the middle of Paradise and the highest point of Paradise and above it is the Throne of Ar-Rahmaan (Allaah, The Most Merciful).” [Al-Bukhari]

As regards these verses being written two thousand years before creation, then there is a Hadeeth with the wording: “Allaah wrote a book two thousand years before He created the heavens and the Earth, and in it are the last two verses of Soorat Al-Baqarah. The devil will not come near a house in which they are recited for three nights." [Sunan At-Tirmithi and Musnad Ahmad]

As to what is mentioned in regard to being sufficient instead of Tahajjud prayer in the night, then there is a Hadeeth narrated by Abu Mas'ood Al-Badri  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him with the wording, “Whoever recites the last two verses from Soorat Al- Baqarah, they will be sufficient for him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

It was said that the meaning of ‘sufficient for him’ is that they are sufficient for him instead of night prayer; it was also said: sufficient as protection from the devil, and it was further said: sufficient as protection from calamities; or possibly all those meanings put together. This is said by Imaam An-Nawawi in Sharh Saheeh Muslim.

Finally, Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar said in Al-Fat-h,The first interpretation was explicitly reported by ‘Aasim from ‘Alqamah from Ibn Mas’ood, “Whoever recites (the two verses at) the end of Soorat Al-Baqarah, it will be sufficient for him instead of standing in prayer for one night.

Allaah Knows best.

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