A short biography of Ibn ‘Arraaq Al-Kinaani
Fatwa No: 275416

  • Fatwa Date:29-12-2014 - Rabee' Al-Awwal 8, 1436
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Question

Salam alakium dear shiekh I've seen in various of the fatwas posted on your website mentioning Ali ibn ‘Arraaq Al-Kinaani can you please tell me more about who this person was and can you tell me more about his work you have mentioned called Tanzeeh Ash-Sharee’ah Al-Marfoo’ah ‘an Al-Ahaadeeth Ash-Shanee’ah Al-Mawdhoo’ah jazakallahu khyran your response will be highly appreciated

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

Ibn ‘Arraaq al-Kinaani is ‘Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Arraaq al-Kinaani, Noor Ad-Deen; jurist, poet, powerful in poetic criticism.

He was born in Damascus in 907 AH and traveled to the Hijaaz where he assumed the position of Imaam in Al-Madeenah where he died in 963 AH.

He authored Tanzeeh Ash-Sharee‘ah Al-Marfoo‘ah ‘an Al-Akhbaar Ash-Shanee‘ah Al-Mawdhoo‘ah (Removing the reprehensible, fabricated accounts from the religion traced back to the Prophet), and Nashr Al-Lataa’if fi Qutr At-Taa’if, which is a short treatise about the history of Taa’if.

He also authored a commentary to the Al-Arba‘een An-Nawawiyyah, Tathkirat Al-Mawdhoo‘aat, Kitaab Al-Jamaalayn a commentary on the Tafseer Al-Jalaalayn, and other works.

This is a short biography about him which we excerpted from Al-A‘laam of Az-Zirikli  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him.

His book Tanzeeh Ash-Sharee‘ah is one of the most important expository works on the Ahaadeeth fabricated about the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. The author introduced it in the preface saying: “This is a book in which I summarized these books in such a way that if someone gets hold of this book, he does not need any other book, and I went to great lengths to summarize and revise it, and I followed the methodology of the book entitled Al-La’aali’ in its biographies and organization.” [End of quote]

What he meant by the books which he summarized in it is Al-Mawdhoo‘aat of Ibn Al-Jawzi, and Al-La’aali’ Al-Masnoo‘ah and An-Nukat Al-Badee‘aat, both of which were authored by As-Suyooti, may Allaah have mercy on all of them.

He clarified that he divided it into three sections:

The first: what Ibn Al-Jawzi deemed to be fabricated and he received no opposition regarding it.

The second: what Ibn Al-Jawzi deemed to be fabricated and he received remarks about it.

The third: what As-Suyooti added to what Ibn Al-Jawzi said.

Allaah Knows best.

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