Biography of Muhammad ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman Al-Baghdaadi
Fatwa No: 290407

Question

who was Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman Baghdadi Khadim of a Group of Malikis from Madrassah ash-Shareefah al Mustansariyah. He wrote a letter in defence of Ibn Taymiyah as mentioned in Al uqood ad-Durriyah 1/45, al Kawakib ad-Durruiyah 163-165.Do we have his biography?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ʻalayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

The well-versed scholar Abu Al-ʻAbbaas Al-Hilaali Al-Filaali cited a short biography of Muhammad ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Baghdaadi in his book Noor Al-Basar fi Sharh Khutbat Al-Mukhtasar; however, he did not mention anything about a treatise that he wrote in defense of Ibn Taymiyyah. It is not unlikely given that they were contemporaries.

Al-Hilaali  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him wrote, “Ibn ʻAskar, who passed away in the same year as Shaykh Khaleel, was the well-versed Imaam in intellectual and transmitted sciences (Maʻqool and Manqool), Muhammad ibn ʻAbdur-Rahmaan Al-Baghdaadi. He penned an explanation of Mukhtasar Ibn Al-Haajib Al-Asli (in the principles of Fiqh) and Al-Far‘i (in the Maaliki Fiqh) and a commentary on Al-Irshaad by his father Imaam ʻAbdur-Rahmaan ibn Muhammad ibn ʻAskar Al-Baghdaadi.

Muhammad Makhloof wrote a short biography on him in his book Shajarat An-Noor Az-Zakiyyah fi Tabaqaat Al-Maalikiyyah, but he did not mention this treatise. He wrote, “The polymath, well-versed, and ingenious scholar, the one who raised the banner of the Maaliki school in Iraq; he was a devout worshipper and one of the refined ascetic scholars. He studied at the hands of his father and other scholars. He authored many books, among them a commentary on Al-Irshaad written by his father, Sharh Mukhtasar Ibn Al-Haajib Al-Asli and Al-Farʻi; he also wrote a lengthy Tafseer and a commentary on ʻIlm Al-Khilaaf (science of legal differences among jurists) and other books in different areas of knowledge. He was born in 701 AH and passed away in 767 AH.

Allaah Knows best.

Related Fatwa