The ruling on whether one should follow fatwa issued by one scholar or by a group of scholars
Fatwa No: 313558

  • Fatwa Date:9-2-2016 - Jumaadaa Al-Oula 1, 1437
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Question

Assalaamu alaykum. When two scholars differ regarding any issue, I follow the one who is more knowledgeable and more pious, because I have not gained the ability to research on my own. ( I am, however, studying for the diploma on Islamic Studies at IOU) So what should I do when one or two jurists differ with another group of jurists who form a committee of scholars and research on the issue and give a fatwa when they all agree on the issue? Should I still go with the more knowledgeable or should I choose the scholars who gave fatwa after consulting one another?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

It is not an obligation to follow the opinion of a group of scholars who form a committee of jurists if other scholars disagreed with them. Rather, it is enough for a layman to imitate a scholar whom he trusts, regardless of whether he follows that group of jurists or he imitates a scholar or other scholars about the matter in dispute. Please, refer to fatwa 202966.

Nonetheless, since the matter in question has been discussed by a group of scholars, then this is an indication that their view is closer to the truth. Also, if a person follows that view because it is the view of the majority, then this is good.

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said, “The view of the majority of the scholars is significant; the view of the majority of the scholars is closer to the truth than the view of one scholar.

Allaah knows best.

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