Being one of the directors of a school that violates Islamic Law
Fatwa No: 328765

Question

Assalaamu alaykum. I live in India and have a halal business with my elder brother that is doing well financially. My brother recently started a school for Muslims and non-Muslims alike, from nursery to 12th grade with a branded schools affiliation; his intention is to do charitable work for Muslims with the extra money from the school. The school has Muslim & non-Muslim people, who do not wear the hijab at all, among its people and will start with the national anthem of India every day. This of course is in disagreement with the Tawheed (pure monotheism) of Allaah. The management of the school has been placed in the hands of a person who has no relation with the religion of Allaah. The school will have dance classes as well as other activities seen in contemporary non-Muslim schools. My question is: how halal are the activities that have been mentioned, and how halal will the gained money be? Will I be held accountable by Allaah as I am one of the two official directors of the school? Please reply in light of the Quran and the Sunnah. May Allaah reward you with good. Wassalaam.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The intention of your brother to give the extra income of the school to charity and to the general welfare of the Muslims is a good intention, but Allaah is Tayyib (which implies pure), and He does not accept except that which is pure. Good intentions are not achieved by means that are not pure (or good), and what you have mentioned about the nature of the school activity involves violations of sharee'ah (Islamic Law). For example, the owner of the school is not permitted to allow women who do not wear the hijab (Islamic dress) and enable them to teach male students who have reached or nearly reached puberty or to mix with male teachers and so forth. Also, the person in charge in this school cannot allow dancing activities if it is accompanied by some prohibitions such as musical instruments, mixing between men and women, nudity (being scantily dressed), or men behaving like women (or displaying effeminate manners) or imitating them. What you have mentioned with regard to the national anthem being accompanied by statements contradicting Tawheed is a great evil, and it is not permissible to allow it. For more benefit, please 81239, 85728and 83792.

You described yourself as one of the directors of the school, so you bear part of the sin of those evils according to the extent of your responsibility in the school; Allaah says (what means): {And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allaah; indeed, Allaah is severe in penalty.} [Quran 5:2]

As regards the money earned from this school, what was earned in return for teaching permissible subjects is permissible, and the fact that the school includes prohibited activities does not make the earnings unlawful if such prohibited activities are not meant in the fees of the school.

Allaah knows best.

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